Chapter 11: Abstract

Mobilization for War: Gendered Military Cultures in Nineteenth Century Western Societies

Robert A. Nye (Oregon State University, Department of History)

Abstract

Gender served as an important structural and organizing principle for the mobilization of peoples for war and nation in Europe and the United States during the nineteenth century. This chapter explores from a gender perspective how military and civilian cultures became more intimately conjoined and societies were militarized. Men experienced induction in mass conscription armies as a rite of passage to manhood and citizenship and prolonged their military identities in veteran’s organizations. Women participated in voluntary and nursing organizations that supported military and combat activities throughout the century and figured as national symbols and in the commemoration of civilian and military suffering. Popular culture, art, music, and military display made use of deeply gendered images linking military culture to nationalist themes.

Keywords

Civilization; Commemoration; Heroism; Media; Militarization; Military Culture; Popular Culture; Race; War Memories; Gender; Men; Women; Nineteenth-century Warfare; Europe; United States.

In Part II “Wars of Nations and Empires” of the Oxford Handbook of Gender and  War  since 1600.

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