“The barracks receives spoiled children and returns men:" Debating Military Service, Masculinity and Nation-Building in Argentina, 1901–1930

Title“The barracks receives spoiled children and returns men:" Debating Military Service, Masculinity and Nation-Building in Argentina, 1901–1930
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsAblard, Jonathan D.
JournalThe Americas: A Quarterly Review of Latin American History
Volume74
Issue3
Start Page299
Pagination299 - 329
Date Published07/2017
Abstract

"This essay explores how military conscription functioned in Argentina and how different sectors of society accepted, interpreted, and debated it during the first three decades of the twentieth century. Massive immigration that commenced in the 1880s drove policy makers to take quick action to modernize conscription (systems of both obligatory and voluntary military service had existed since colonial times) into a tool to integrate the sons and grandsons of immigrants into the national fabric by fostering a common social and political understanding of what it meant to be Argentine (argentinidad). Extremely low rates of naturalization by immigrants, around 2 percent in 1914, and the parallel rise of anarcho-syndicalism as an essential feature of working-class life, added urgency to this project. Indeed, as Omar Acha notes, the golden years of anarchism coincided with the “unfolding of a nationalizing strategy by the state." (Exerpt from text)

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