Women in War: The Micro-Processes of Mobilization in El Salvador

TitleWomen in War: The Micro-Processes of Mobilization in El Salvador
Publication TypeBook
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsViterna, Jocelyn
Number of Pages288
PublisherOxford University Press

Over the past several decades, women have joined insurgent armies in significant and surprising numbers. Why do women become guerrilla insurgents? What experiences do they have in guerrilla armies? What are the long-term repercussions of this participation for the women themselves and the societies in which they live? This volume answers these questions while providing a rare look at guerrilla life from the viewpoint of rank and-file participants in the FMLN rebel army. Using data from 230 in-depth interviews with men and women guerrillas, guerrilla supporters, and non-participants in rural El Salvador, this book investigates why some women were able to channel their wartime actions into post-war gains, and how those patterns differed from the benefits that accrued to men. In the process, this volume makes theoretical contributions to studies of gender, revolution, civil war, and political violence. Most centrally, the volume develops a new micro-level theory of mobilization that challenges several assumptions embedded within more macro- and meso-level approaches, and extends our understanding of the causes and consequences of mobilization in many social movement settings. 

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