Fear of Violence During Armed Conflict: Social Roles and Responsibilities as Determinants of Fear

TitleFear of Violence During Armed Conflict: Social Roles and Responsibilities as Determinants of Fear
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsWilliams, Nathalie E., Dirgha Ghimire, and Karen A. Snedker
JournalYSSRE Social Science Research
Volume71
Pagination145 - 159
Date Published2018
Abstract

This article investigates the prevalence and determinants of fear as a consequence of living through armed conflict. The authors use survey data from Nepal during the armed conflict (1996-2006) to examine how trauma, sex and gender, age, marriage, and household size affect fear of violence. They also disaggregate types of worry, and find substantial variance on whether respondents were more concerned about livelihood consequences of conflict than physical danger. The article supplement quantitative analyses with discussion of in-depth interviews from the study area on these same topics. Overall, the results highlight the enduring impact of gender roles in Nepal and that conflict might disproportionately affect those who are already vulnerable and have greater social responsibilities. This article provides a unique comparison between fear of violence during armed conflict in a low-income country to the fear of crime literature based in high-income countries. [Authors]

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