La guerre et le genre : le contre-exemple platonicien

TitleLa guerre et le genre : le contre-exemple platonicien
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsErnoult, Nathalie, Violaine Sebillotte Cuchet, and Nathalie Ernoult
Book TitleProblèmes du genre en Grèce ancienne
PublisherÉditions de la Sorbonne

By analyzing the Platonic dialogues of The Republic  and The Laws, the author allows us to distance ourselves from the gender norms of the capital city (Athens). Certainly, she recalls the force of the caesura which assigns to each of the two sexes a specific fight, wartime combat for men and the fight of maternity for women.  But the interest of her article is to underline the historical value of imagination by Plato of competent women of war. Even if breaking away from traditional wartime conventions rests in the domain of the speculative, this analysis supplies evidence that, for an Athenian at the beginning of the 4th century before our era, these norms were not inevitable. In the city of The Laws, a sort of “setting in motion” of the ideal city of The Republic, Plato never forgets the part of women in social organization, to the point of designing them sometimes like citizens, politidas, and according them the freedom of speech, parrhêsia, an emblem of political freedom reserved in real cities only to men. [translated and modified from author]

Translated TitleWar and Gender: The Platonic Counter-Example
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