"Sans différence de sexe" : Les volontaires polonaises, 1918-1921

Title"Sans différence de sexe" : Les volontaires polonaises, 1918-1921
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsNieuwazny, Andrzej
JournalRevue Historique des Armées
Date Published11/2013

Deprived of a country and living in a territory shared by the Russian, Austrian and Prussian empires, some Polish women engaged in political action in 1914 in underground organizations such as the Polish Military Organization (POW). Restricted initially to menial administrative, quartermaster, and liaison tasks, these “fighters in skirts” accomplished missions closer and closer to their male brothers-in-arms engaged at the front. In January 1919, the first women’s unit of the Polish Army, the voluntary legion of women (OLK), was created in Lwów, followed by a second in Vilnius in May 1919. In 1920, a legion was established at the national level despite recruitment difficulties. Faced with the great Bolshevik offensive in July 1920, some women fought in Vilnius on 13 and 14 July. Although employment of women in combat was exceptional, their records and involvement are rich with lessons.

Translated Title"No Gender Difference": Polish Volunteers, 1918-1921
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