Voices of Silence - Rape Memories in the Capital Cities of Hitler's 'First Victim' (Vienna) and the 'Last Ally' (Budapest), 1945 (World War II)

TitleVoices of Silence - Rape Memories in the Capital Cities of Hitler's 'First Victim' (Vienna) and the 'Last Ally' (Budapest), 1945 (World War II)
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1999
AuthorsPetö, Andrea
JournalZeitschrift Fur Geschichtswissenschaft
Volume47
Issue10
Pagination892 - 913
Date Published1999///
Abstract

Addresses the individual and collective memory of the mass rapes carried out by the Red Army in Vienna and Budapest in 1945. Essentially, the Russian soldiers drew no distinction between Austria, Hitler's "first victim," and Hungary, his "last ally." The number of rapes in both cases remains uncertain, not least because of the victims' shame, which in turn encouraged silence. Venereal disease and pregnancy were frequent consequences; abortion was widely sanctioned. The author suggests that the instrumental nature of marriage in both countries, with women's bodies primarily serving reproductive purposes, allowed rape victims to distance themselves sufficiently from their experiences to at least endure them.

Short TitleZ. Geschichtsw.
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