U.S. Military Wives in the Philippines, from the Philippine War to World War II

TitleU.S. Military Wives in the Philippines, from the Philippine War to World War II
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsAlvah, Donna
EditorHacker, Barton C., and Margaret Vining
Book TitleA Companion to Women's Military History
Pagination431-452
PublisherBrill
City, CountryLeiden ; Boston
Abstract

This chapter examines the fundamental questions: Why were soldiers’ wives in the Philippines from the Philippine-American War to the onset of World War II? What did they do there? How did they describe military life, and people they encountered in the islands? What did they believe about their roles as military wives, and as Americans? The answers to these questions often are more implicit than explicit in the sources examined in the chapter. The chapter focuses on accounts and other sources mainly from and about U.S. Army officers' wives. Army personnel in the Philippines were more numerous than navy and marine personnel, and it appears that more army officers had their wives with them than did officers from other military branches. There is more work to be done to learn about wives of U.S. soldiers in the Philippines, especially American-Filipina marriages and also the families of enlisted soldiers. [chapter abstract] Military institutions have everywhere and always shaped the course of history, but women’s near universal participation in them has largely gone unnoticed. This volume addresses the changing relationships between women and armed forces from antiquity to the present. The eight chapters in Part I present broad, scholarly reviews of the existing literature to provide a clear understanding of where we stand. An extended picture essay documents visually women’s military work since the sixteenth century. The book’s second part comprises eight exemplary articles, more narrowly focused than the survey articles but illustrating some of their major themes. Military history will benefit from acknowledging women’s participation, as will women’s history from recognizing military institutions as major factors in molding women’s lives. Contributors include Jorit Wintjes, Mary Elizabeth Ailes, John A. Lynn, Barton C. Hacker, Kimberly Jensen, Margaret Vining, D’Ann M. Campbell, Carol B. Stevens, Jan Noel, Elizabeth Prelinger, Donna Alvah, Karen Hagemann, Yehudit Kol-Inbar, Dorotea Gucciardo and Megan Howatt, and Judith Hicks Stiehm. [volume abstract]

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