Policy and Paradox: Grounded Theory at the Moment of DADT Repeal

TitlePolicy and Paradox: Grounded Theory at the Moment of DADT Repeal
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsParco, James E., and David A. Levy
JournalJournal of Homosexuality
Date Published02/2013

Through a mixed-methods approach of oral history and grounded theory, the authors report on a study investigating the effects of the U.S. military's Don't Ask, Don't Tell policy on active-duty service members at the moment of transition to open service. A stratified, snowball sample of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and queer (LGBQ) service members from across all branches of the armed services were interviewed within two weeks of repeal (September 20, 2011). The authors find evidence that DADT was implicated in the structuring of military culture in terms of five irreconcilable contradictions: values, heroism, wartime, control, and silence. Military culture had moved in the direction of acceptance of LGBQ service members long before repeal, without the recognition of many leaders who had entered military service decades earlier.

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