Gender in Transition: Discourse and Practice in German-Speaking Europe 1750-1830

TitleGender in Transition: Discourse and Practice in German-Speaking Europe 1750-1830
Publication TypeBook
Year of Publication2006
Series EditorGleixner, Ulrike, and Marion W. Gray
Number of Pages408
PublisherUniversity of Michigan Press
CityAnn Arbor

The late Enlightenment saw an acute transformation of gender definitions in the German cultural areas of Europe, leading to a “polarization” of the sexes. Where early modern cultural norms had once affirmed a multitude of differences within society, modernity was founded on an ideal of equality which, although embraced as universal, in practice applied only to white male citizens. The new dichotomies of gender, socioeconomic status, and race created by this disparity between rhetoric and practice held tremendous social implications for all Germans. Law and science inscribed a new set of morals with gendered virtues and social spheres. Masculinity and femininity came to be understood as opposites based in nature. The transformed gender system fueled an epochal social reordering. Gender in Transition recounts the innumerable ways in which this drama played out in German-speaking Europe during the transitional period between 1750 and 1830. A cast of accomplished scholars examine the effect of gender in numerous realms of German life, including law, urban politics, marriage, religion, literature, natural science, fashion, and personal relationships.

Short TitleGender in Transition
Reprint EditionFull text available via Hathitrust
Full Text
  • Introduction : gender in transition / Ulrike Gleixner and Marion W. Gray
  • Pt. I. Law, administration, moral discourse, and gender
  • Gender as a medium of change in Berlin's politics of poverty, 1770-1850 / Dietlind Huchtker
  • development of the discourse on infanticide in the late eighteenth century and the new legal standardization of the offense in the nineteenth century / Kerstin Michalik
  • Pt. II. economy, the public, and the private
  • Gender and control in the merchant's world : Stralsund, 1750-1830 / Daniel A. Rabuzzi
  • "But the heart must speak for the windows" : the origins of life insurance in Germany and the gender implications of actuarial science / Eve Rosenhaft
  • Master and subject, or inequality as felicitous opportunity : gender relations of the nineteenth-century middle class / Rebekka Habermas
  • Pt. III. Religious imagery and spiritual empowerment
  • representation of women in religious art and imagery : discontinuities in "female virtues" / Stefanie Schafer-Bossert
  • Spiritual empowerment and the demand of marital obedience : a millenarian woman and her journal / Ulrike Gleixner
  • Pt. IV. late enlightenment, professionalization, and exclusion
  • brief flowering of women's journalism and its end around 1800 / Ulrike Weckel
  • Transition toward invisibility : women's scientific activities around 1800 / Beate Ceranski
  • "Lights out! Lights out!" Women and the enlightenment / Ruth Dawson
  • Enlightenment vocabulary and female difference : two women writers' search for inclusive language / Marion W. Gray
  • Pt. V. Conceptualization of masculinity and femininity
  • Protecting manliness in the age of enlightenment : the new physical education and gymnastics in Germany, 1770-1800 / Teresa Sanislo
  • Sitten und Mode : fashion, gender, and public identities in Hamburg at the turn of the nineteenth century / Katherine B. Aaslestad
  • Ideal sociability : Friedrich Schleiermacher and the ambivalence of extrasocial spaces / William Rasch.
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