War, Memory, and the Politics of Humor: The Canard Enchaîné and World War I

TitleWar, Memory, and the Politics of Humor: The Canard Enchaîné and World War I
Publication TypeBook
Year of Publication2002
AuthorsDouglas, Allen
Number of Pages331
PublisherUniversity of California Press

This volume features carnage and cannibalism, gender and cross-dressing, drunks and heroes, militarism and memory, all set against the background of World War I France. The author shows how a new satiric weekly, the Canard Enchaîné, exploited these topics and others to become one of France's most influential voices of reaction to the Great War. The Canard, still published today, is France's leading satiric newspaper and the most successful periodical of the twentieth century, and the author illuminates the mechanisms of its unique style. Following the Canard from its birth in 1915 to the eve of the Great Depression, the narrative reveals a heady mix of word play, word games, and cartoons. Over the years the journal--generally leftist, specifically antimilitarist and anti-imperialist--aimed its shots in all directions, using some stereotypes the twenty-first century might find unacceptable. But the author calls its humor an affirmation of life, and as such the most effective antidote to war.

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