Collective Sexual Violence in Bosnia and Sierra Leone: A Comparative Case Study Analysis

TitleCollective Sexual Violence in Bosnia and Sierra Leone: A Comparative Case Study Analysis
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsBensel, Tusty ten, and Lisa L. Sample
JournalInternational Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Date Published10/2015
Abstract

Social scientists have long studied the patterns, motivations, and recidivism rates of sexual offenders; however, the majority of prior research has examined rape, where victims are assaulted by a single offender in isolated events. Often overlooked are sexually violent assaults committed during armed conflicts, which often exhibit group-level sexual offending. This oversight could be a result of perceived notions that sexual violence during conflict is a rare or regrettable event; however, it has been documented consistently throughout history. The purpose of this study was to improve our understanding of sexual violence during war by comparing and contrasting preconflict characteristics, conflict framing, and justifications for sexual violence in the Bosnian and Sierra Leone armed conflicts. This greater understanding can then be used to identify factors that may contribute to the collectivization of sexual violence during war.

URLhttp://ijo.sagepub.com/content/early/2015/10/07/0306624X15609704
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