Chapter 4: Abstract

War, Gender, and Society in Late Colonial and Revolutionary Spanish America

(Catherine Davies, University of London, Insttute of Modern Languages Research, School of
Advanced Study)

In Oxford Handbook of Gender, War, and the Western World since 1600, ed. by Karen Hagemann et al. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 117-35.



Military conflicts and wars shaped Spanish America in the transformative period from the 1780s to the 1830s with its first anticolonial uprisings and the Spanish American Wars of Independence. This essay explores the impact of warfare and militarization on the social and gender order in the Spanish Atlantic Empire in this transformative period, and examines conversely, how ideas about the gender order shaped society, warfare and military culture. It focuses on the first anticolonial uprisings, especially the Tupac Amaru Rebellion (1780-82) in the South American Andes and the Rebellion of the Comuneros (1781) in New Granada—two of the largest and earliest in the history of Latin America—, the following Spanish American Wars of Independence (1808–33) and their aftermath.


Tupac Amaru Rebellion; Rebellion of the Comuneros; Wars of independence; Spanish America; indigenous people; societies in wartime; women; gender; women; anticolonial struggle.

In Part I “From the Thirty Years War and Colonial Conquest to the Wars of Revolution and Independence” of the Oxford Handbook of Gender, War and the Western World since 1600.

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