Gender and the Jubilee: Black Freedom and the Reconstruction of Citizenship in Civil War Missouri

TitleGender and the Jubilee: Black Freedom and the Reconstruction of Citizenship in Civil War Missouri
Publication TypeBook
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsRomeo, Sharon
Number of Pages209
PublisherUniversity of Georgia Press
CityAthens
Abstract

Gender and the Jubilee offers a re-examination of the legal legacy of the Civil War, with regard to African Americans, using Missouri as a case study with broader implications.  This book analyzes the process that produced the inclusive birthright citizenship manifested in the Fourteenth Amendment. African American women inserted themselves as members of the nation-state during the turbulent years of the Civil War crisis. They positioned themselves, rhetorically, as patriots for the Union cause. As self-identified patriots, enslaved women requested military protection from slave owners. Women fled to federal troops stationed in the city and sought a right to federal protection from abusive slave owners prior to the enactment of any emancipatory acts on the part of military policy or the federal government. This assumption of federal protection prior to the ratification of the Fourteenth Amendment, in a state outside the jurisdiction of the Emancipation Proclamation, suggests a deep investment in the ideal of a broad national citizenship that included the African American population. The litigating slave women of antebellum St. Louis, and the female activists of the Civil War period, left a rich legal heritage to those who would continue the struggle for civil rights in the postwar era. African American women would continue to play a critical role in their own liberation following the war [Publisher.]

Short TitleGender and the Jubilee
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905685536

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