Preussen vor Augen: Das schweizerische Offizierskorps im militärischen und gesellschaftlichen Wandel des Fin de siècle

TitlePreussen vor Augen: Das schweizerische Offizierskorps im militärischen und gesellschaftlichen Wandel des Fin de siècle
Publication TypeBook
Year of Publication1999
AuthorsJaun, Rudolf
Number of Pages501
PublisherChronos
CityZurich
Abstract

Around 1900, the Prussian-German style of leadership of the Imperial Army prevailed in the militia officer corps of the Swiss Citizen Army. After a decades-long dispute, the New Direction, led by the Cavalry Chief of Arms Ulrich Wille, prevailed over the National Direction in the officer corps, which had been based on the principles of the republican-national citizen-military. The dispute was fuelled by the young workers' movement, which increasingly saw agents of the class state in the officers of the "People's Army" and turned them into a target for party-political propaganda. How can this paradoxical orientation of a republican militia army towards the leadership habitus of the Wilhelmine officer corps be explained? What is the military significance? What is the influence of the society of the fin de siècle, which sees war and military education as a means of counteracting the effeminacy of men? Close to the source, the study shows the cultural and military conditions of the 19th century for the development of military leadership. The interpretation of war and the military and the revolutionization of military struggle are discussed. On the basis of the numerous "complaints against officers", it is shown how the "Verpreußung" of the officer corps in the parade ground, in the field and in civilian life progressed. In the selection and training of officers, however, the limits imposed on this process by the social and state conditions in Switzerland are also made clear. [Publisher]

Translated TitlePrussia in Mind: The Swiss Officer Corps in the Military and Social Change of the fin de siècle
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42578318

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