Effects of the 1992 Lifting of Restrictions on Gay and Lesbian Service in the Canadian Forces Appraising the Evidence

TitleEffects of the 1992 Lifting of Restrictions on Gay and Lesbian Service in the Canadian Forces Appraising the Evidence
Publication TypeBook
Year of Publication2000
AuthorsBelkin, Aaron, and Jason McNichol
Corporate AuthorsCenter for the Study of Sexual Minorities in the Military, University of California Santa Barbara,
Number of Pages42
PublisherUniversity of California Santa Barbara, Center for the Study of Sexual Minorities in the Military
City, CountrySanta Barbara
Abstract

A new study of gays and lesbians in the Canadian military has found that after Canada’s 1992 decision to allow homosexuals to serve openly in its armed forces, no negative consequences occurred. The study was sponsored by the Center for the Study of Sexual Minorities in the Military at the University of California, Santa Barbara. Key findings include: lifting of restrictions on gay and lesbian service in the Canadian Forces has not led to any change in military performance. Self-identified gay, lesbian, and transsexual members of the Canadian Forces contacted for this report who have served since the ban was lifted describe good working relationships with peers in supportive institutional environments where morale and cohesion are maintained. The percent of military women who experienced sexual harassment dropped 46% after the ban was lifted. While there were several reasons why sexual harassment declined, one factor was that after the ban was lifted women were free to report assaults without fear that they would be accused of and subsequently discharged for being a lesbian. Before Canada lifted its gay ban, a 1985 survey of 6,500 male soldiers found that 62% said that they would refuse to share showers, undress or sleep in the same room as a gay soldier. After the ban was lifted, however, follow-up studies found no increase in disciplinary, performance, recruitment, sexual misconduct, or resignation problems. None of the 905 assault cases in the Canadian Forces from November 1992 (when the ban was lifted) until August 1995 involved gay bashing or could be attributed to the sexual orientation of one of the parties

URLhttp://www.palmcenter.org/files/active/0/Canada5.pdf
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