Gender, Feminist Consciousness, and War

TitleGender, Feminist Consciousness, and War
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1993
AuthorsConover, Pamela Johnston, and Virginia Sapiro
JournalAmerican Journal of Political Science
Date Published11/1993

In the post-World War II era, American women have been consistently less militaristic and more opposed to war than American men. Theorists, both feminist and not, have attributed such differences to gender itself, maternalism, and feminism. Drawing on the American National Election Study 1991 Pilot Study, the authors explore these hypotheses and discover no support for the maternalist explanation, some evidence in favor of the feminist accounting, and substantial support for the gender explanation. The authors also probe into the structure of political thinking in these areas and discover that the roots of women's and men's thinking usually differ even when they basically agree on the "bottom line." In particular, men's attitudes are much more partisan in their origins than are women's.

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