Women and the Military: Implications for Demilitarization in the 1990s in South Africa

TitleWomen and the Military: Implications for Demilitarization in the 1990s in South Africa
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1994
AuthorsCock, Jacklyn
JournalGender and Society
Volume8
Issue2
Start Page152
Pagination152-169
Date Published06/1994
Abstract

Militarization-the mobilization of resources for war-is a gendering process. It both uses and maintains the ideological construction of gender in the definitions of masculinity and femininity. This article draws on material from contemporary South Africa to illustrate the relation between gender and militarization in four respects: how women actively contribute toward the process of militarization; the similarities in the position of women in both conventional and guerrilla armies; the durability of patriarchy and the fragility of the gains made for women during periods of war; and, finally, how the South African experience sharpens the debate about the relation between equal rights and women's participation in armies. The article concludes that there is no necessary relation between demilitarization and gender equality.

URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/190007
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936722915

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