De la guerrière à la citoyenne. Porter les armes pendant l'Ancien Régime et la Révolution française.

TitleDe la guerrière à la citoyenne. Porter les armes pendant l'Ancien Régime et la Révolution française.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsGodineau, Dominique
JournalClio
Volume20
Start Page43
Pagination43-69
Abstract

Although war was associated with the masculine, several women in France fought in the civil wars of the 16th-17th centuries or served in the royal armies, which were also accompanied by numerous civilian women. With the French Revolution, service in the national guard and, less directly, in the army, was tied to female citizenship. In reclaiming the bearing of weapons within the national guard, female revolutionary militants also claimed one of the political rights of citizens, which received a firm refusal. Moved by the desire to defend the Republic and to share with men the glory of fighting for it, female citizens engaged themselves individually in the army, where they continued to serve after the decree of 30 April 1793 which forbade them from it. The female militants' demands to bear arms and the responses they received, as well as the stories, the words of female soldiers and the reactions they provoked permits us to analyze the association between masculinity, weapons, and citizenship, and to study the mechanisms of excluding women from armies. [Translated from WorldCat.]

URLhttps://clio.revues.org/1418?lang=en
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710964764

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