Women on the frontline: Rebel group ideology and women's participation in violent rebellion

TitleWomen on the frontline: Rebel group ideology and women's participation in violent rebellion
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsWood, Reed M., and Jakana L. Thomas
JournalJournal of Peace Research
Pagination31 - 46
Date Published01/2017

Despite the frequent participation of women in armed groups, few studies have sought to explain the variation in their roles across different rebellions. Herein, we investigate this variation. We argue that the political ideology a group adopts plays a central role in determining the extent of women’s participation, particularly their deployment in combat roles. Specifically, we link variations in women’s roles in armed groups to differences in beliefs about gender hierarchies and gender-based divisions of labor inherent in the specific ideologies the groups adopt. We evaluate hypotheses drawn from these arguments using a novel cross-sectional dataset on female combatants in a global sample of rebel organizations active between 1979 and 2009. We find that the presence of a Marxist-oriented ‘leftist’ ideology increases the prevalence of female fighters while Islamist ideologies exert the opposite effect. However, we find little evidence that nationalism exerts an independent influence on women’s combat roles. We also note a general inverse relationship between group religiosity and the prevalence of female fighters. Our analysis demonstrates that political ideology plays a central role in determining whether and to what extent resistance movements incorporate female fighters into their armed wings. [Abstract from author]

Short TitleJournal of Peace Research
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