How (wo)men rebel

TitleHow (wo)men rebel
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsSchaftenaar, Susanne
JournalJournal of Peace Research
Volume54
Issue6
Start Page762
Pagination762 - 776
Date Published11/2017
Abstract

This study poses the question: How does the level of gender equality affect the onset of nonviolent campaigns and armed conflicts? I argue that gender norms affect movements’ expectations of mobilization (mass or limited) as well as conflict norms (nonviolent or violent) in society, and subsequently, the choice of conflict strategy. I hypothesize that higher levels of gender equality, measured by fertility rate and female-to-male primary school enrolment ratio, increase the likelihood of nonviolent campaign onset, compared to both armed and no campaign onset. 

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