La Guerra y la Condición Femenina en la Sociedad Industrial: el Caso de Francia

TitleLa Guerra y la Condición Femenina en la Sociedad Industrial: el Caso de Francia
Publication TypeBook
Year of Publication1981
AuthorsCampillo, María Vidaurreta
Corporate AuthorsMinisterio de Cultura Spain
Number of Pages214
PublisherDirección General de la Juventud y Promoción Sociocultural
CityMadrid, Spain

This book examines the impact of war on social change in general, as well as the effects of the "total industrial war" on the status of women in industrial society. Attention is given to the feminist organizations of women that emerged during World War I in several European countries (for example, France, Great Britain, Germany, Italy), the increase in female employment throughout this war and the increase in power Women's politician. It is observed that around 1919, at the end of the First World War, the principle of equality in work-equality of salaries was a priority objective of women's organizations. The changes did not affect all classes of women equally: middle-class women had more advantages than lower-class women. The post-war periods tend to generate counter-tendencies. The period starting in 1918-1921 is discussed, as well as the economic crisis that took place between 1929 and 1933, concluding the detrimental nature of the same in terms of the situation of women is concerned, especially as regards relative to your employment status. Data are provided on male and female unionism in Germany in 1931 and 1932. During the period referred to, American women worked much less outside the home than European women, while the U.S.S.S. adopted, after the revolution of 1917, a policy of promotion of female employment and equal pay that attracted women to the world of work, so that in 1929 women constituted 34% of workers, and in 1933 37.7 %. However, the educational level of Soviet women in general was lower than that of men until 1928-1933, after which women could enjoy a better education.

Translated TitleThe War and the Condition of Women in the Industrial Society: the Case of France
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