Secondary Literature on National Wars in the 19th Century

This collection includes secondary literature on the themes covered by the Oxford Handbook on Gender, War and the Western World since 1600. We have also added selected secondary literature on regions and themes that the handbook does not cover. The majority of the texts are in English with some texts in French, German or Russian.

The most important wars included for this period are:

  • Mexican American War (1846–48)
  • European Civil Wars (1848–49)
  • Wars of Italian Independence (1848–49, 1859, 1866)
  • Crimean War (1853–56)
  • American Civil War (1861–65)
  • German Wars of Unifications (1864, 1866, 1870–71)
  • Russo-Japanese War (1904–05)

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Displaying 1 - 40 of 575
Abbenhuis, Maartje. An Age of Neutrals: Great Power Politics, 1815–1914. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014.
Abbott, Karen. Liar, Temptress, Soldier, Spy: Four Women Undercover in the Civil War. New York, NY, USA: Harper Collins Publishers, 2014.
Abler, Thomas. Hinterland Warriors: European Empires and Exotic Uniforms. Oxford: New York: Berg, 1999.
Abrams, Lynn and Elizabeth Harvey, eds. Gender Relations in German History: Power, Agency, and Experience from the Sixteenth to the Twentieth Century. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1996.
Adams, Michael C. C. Living Hell: The Dark Side of the Civil War. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2014.
Afflerbach, Holger, and Hew Strachan. How Fighting Ends: A History of Surrender. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2012.
Albano, Sondra. "Military Recognition of Family Concerns: Revolutionary War To 1993." Armed Forces & Society 20, no. 2 (1994): pp. 283-302.
Amann, Hans. Frauengestalten um Henry Dunant. Heiden, Switz.: Henri-Dunant Museum, 2000.
Amatangelo, Susan. Italian Women and War: Sisters in Arms from the Unification to the Twentieth Century. Madison: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 2016.

Introduction: Italy's Sisters in Arms, Susan Amatangelo

Part I: The Unification of Italy

1 One in a Mille: Countess Martini Della Torre, Benedetta Gennaro

2 Peppa La Cannoniera: Citizenship in Action, Giovanna Summerfield

3 "Sono briganta, io, non donna di brigante": The Female Brigand's Search for Identit,y Susan Amatangelo

Part II: The Two World Wars

4 Women at War: Eva Kuhn Amendola (Magamal) - Interventionist, Futurist, Fascist, Lucia Re

Arielli, Nir and Bruce Collins, eds. Transnational Soldiers: Foreign Military Enlistment in the Modern Era. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012.
Ariga, Nagao. The Red Cross Society of Japan: Its Organization in Time of Peace and War. St. Louis: S. F. Myerson, 1904.
Arnaud, Pierre. Le Militaire, l'écolier, le gymnaste: Naissance de l'éducation physique en France: 1869-1889. Lyon: Presses universitaires de Lyon, 1991.
Astor, Gerald. The Right To Fight: A History Of African Americans In The Military. Cambridge, MA: Da Capo Press, 1998.
Attie, Jeanie. Patriotic Toil: Northern Women and the American Civil War. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1998.
Audoin-Rouzeau, Stéphane. 1870: La France dans la guerre. Paris: Armand Colin, 1989.
Audoin-Rouzeau, Stéphane. "Public Opinion in 1870–71 and the Emergence of Total War." In On the Road to Total War: The American Civil War and the German Wars of Unification, 1861-1871, edited by Stig Förster and Jörg Nagler, pp. 409-410. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.
Baader, Benjamin Maria, Paul Frederick Lerner and Sharon Gillerman, eds. Jewish Masculinities: German Jews, Gender, and History. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2012.
BACHAND, MARISE. "Disunited Daughters of the Confederations: Creoles and Canadians at the Intersection of Nations, States, and Empires." Journal of the Civil War Era 7, no. 4 (2017): pp. 541-569.
Bacon, Jacqueline, and Maurice Jackson. African Americans and the Haitian Revolution: Selected Essays and Historical Documents. New York: Routledge, 2010.
Baptist, Edward E. "'Cuffy,' 'Fancy Maids,' and 'One-Eyed Men': Rape, Commodification, and the Domestic Slave Trade in the United States." American Historical Review 106, no. 5 (2001): pp. 1619-1650.
Barber, Susan E., Charles Ritter Law, and Elizabeth D. Heineman. Unlawfully and Against Her Consent: Sexual Violence and the Military During the American Civil War In Sexual violence in conflict zones : from the ancient world to the era of human rights, pp. 202-216. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011.
Bariéty, Jacques, and Antoine Fleury. Mouvements et initiatives de paix dans la politique internationale, 1867–1928. Bern: Peter Lang, 1987.
Barney, William L. The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011.
Bauer, Carola Katharina. Wahrnehmung von kampfenden Frauen im 'langen 19. Jahrhundert'. Vol. Class Paper. Augsburg: Universität Augsburg, 2009.
Bayly, Christopher Alan. The Birth of the Modern World, 1780-1914: Global Connections and Comparisons. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 2004.
Rassweiler, Anne Dickason, ed. Bek, Anna Nikolaevna. The Life of a Russian Woman Doctor: A Siberian Memoir, 1869-1954. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2004.
Belanger, Elizabeth. ""A Perfect Nuisance" Working-Class Women and Neighborhood Development in Civil War St. Louis." The Journal of the Civil War Era 8, no. 1 (2018): pp. 32-171.
Belich, James. Replenishing the Earth: The Settler Revolution and the Rise of the Anglo-World, 1783-1939. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.
Bell, Karen Cook. "Self-Emancipating Women, Civil War, and the Union Army in Southern Louisiana and Lowcountry Georgia, 1861–1865." Journal of African American History 101, no. 1-2 (2016): pp. 1-22.
Belohlavek, John M. Patriots, Prostitutes, and Spies: Women and the Mexican-American War. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2017.
Bender, Daniel E., and Jana K. Lipman. Making the Empire Work: Labor and United States Imperialism. New York: New York University Press, 2015.
Benjamin, Thomas. Encyclopedia of Western Colonialism since 1450. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2007.
Berkin, Carol, and Clara Maria Lovett, eds. Women, War, and Revolution. New York: Holmes & Meier, 1980.
Best, Geoffrey Francis. Humanity in Warfare: The Modern History of the International Law of Armed Conflicts. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1980.
Best, Geoffrey. War and Society in Revolutionary Europe, 1770-1870. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1982.