Secondary Literature on National Wars in the 19th Century

This collection includes secondary literature on the themes covered by the Oxford Handbook on Gender, War and the Western World since 1600. We have also added selected secondary literature on regions and themes that the handbook does not cover. The majority of the texts are in English with some texts in French, German or Russian.

The most important wars included for this period are:

  • Mexican American War (1846–48)
  • European Civil Wars (1848–49)
  • Wars of Italian Independence (1848–49, 1859, 1866)
  • Crimean War (1853–56)
  • American Civil War (1861–65)
  • German Wars of Unifications (1864, 1866, 1870–71)
  • Russo-Japanese War (1904–05)

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Displaying 201 - 240 of 493
Hacker, Barton C. "Reformers, Nurses, and Ladies in Uniform: The Changing Status of Military Women (c. 1815-c. 1914)." In A Companion to Women's Military History, edited by Barton C. Hacker and Margaret Vining, 137-187. Leiden; Boston: Brill, 2012.
Hagemann, Karen, and Jean H. Quataert. Gendering Modern German History: Rewriting Historiography. New York: Berghahn, 2008.
Hagemann, Karen. "German Heroes: The Cult of the Death for the Fatherland in Nineteenth-Century Germany." In Masculinities in Politics and War: Gendering Modern History, edited by Stefan Dudink, Karen Hagemann and John Tosh, 116-134. Manchester; New York: Manchester University Press ; Palgrave, 2004.
Hagemann, Karen. "Military, War, and the Mainstreams: Gendering Modern German Military History." In Gendering Modern German History: Themes, Debates, Revisions, edited by Karen Hagemann and Jean H. Quataert, 63-85. New York: Berghahn Books, 2007.
Hagemann, Karen. "National Symbols and the Politics of Memory: The Prussian Iron Cross of 1813: Its Cultural Context and Its Aftermath." In War Memories: The Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars in Modern European Culture, edited by Alan I. Forrest, Etienne François and Karen Hagemann, 215-244. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012.
Hager, Christopher. I Remain Yours: Common Lives in Civil War Letters. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 2018.
Hahn, Steven. The Political Worlds of Slavery and Freedom: The Nathan I. Huggins Lectures. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 2009.
Haley, Sarah. No Mercy Here: Gender, Punishment, and the Making of Jim Crow Modernity. In Journal of the Civil War Era. Chapel Hill, US: The University of North Carolina Press, 2017.
Hall, Richard H. Women on the Civil War Battlefront. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2006.
Hämmerle, Christa. "Back to the Monarchy’s Glorifed Past? Military Discourses on Male Citizenship and Universal Conscription in the Austrian Empire, 1868–1914." In Representing Masculinity: Male Citizenship in Modern Western Culture, edited by Stefan Dudink, Karen Hagemann and Anna Clark, 151-168. Basingstoke, UK ; New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.
Hämmerle, Christa. "Die k. (u.) k. Armee als 'Schule der Volkes'? Zur Geschichte der Allgemeinen Wehrpflicht in der multinationalen Habsburgermonarchie (1866 bis 1914/18)." In Der Bürger als Soldat: Die Militarisierung europäischer Gesellschaften im langen 19. Jahrhundert: Ein internationaler Vergleich, edited by Christian Jansen, 175-213. Essen: Klartext, 2004.
Harms, Robert. The Diligent: A Voyage through the Worlds of the Slave Trade. New York: Basic Books, 2003.
Harper, Judith E. Women during the Civil War: An Encyclopedia. London ; New York: Routledge, 2004.
Harris, M. Keith. Across the Bloody Chasm: The Culture of Commemoration among Civil War Veterans. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2014.
Hartman, Saidiya. Scenes of Subjection: Terror, Slavery, and Self-Making in Nineteenth-Century America. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.
Hartmann, Anja, and Heuser, Beatrice. War, Peace, and World Orders in European History. London; New York: Routledge, 2001.
Hartnett, Lynne Ann. The Defiant Life of Vera Figner: Surviving the Russian Revolution. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2014.
Hattaway, Herman M. "The Civil War Armies: Creation, Mobilization, and Development." In On the Road to Total War: The American Civil War and the German Wars of Unification, 1861–1871, edited by Stig Förster and Jorg Nagler, 173-198. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.
Hauch, Gabriella. Frauen bewegen Politik: Österreich 1848- 1938. Innsbruck: StudienVerlag, 2009.
Hauch, Gabrilla. "Women’s Space in the Men’s Revolution of 1848." In Europe in 1848: Revolution and Reform, edited by Dieter Dowe, Heinz-Gerhard Haupt, Jonathan Sperber and Dieter Langewiesche, 639-682. New York: Berghahn Books, 2001.
Headrick, Daniel R. The Tentacles of Progress: Technology Transfer in the Age of Imperialism, 1850-1940.. New York: Oxford University Press, 1988.
Heidler, David S., and Jeanne T. Heidler. Daily Lives of Civilians in Wartime Early America: From the Colonial Era to the Civil War. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2007.
Heineman, Elizabeth D. Sexual Violence in Conflict Zones: From the Ancient World to the Era of Human Rights. Philadelphia: University of Philadelphia Press, 2011.
Helmert, Heinz, and Hans Jürgen Usczech. Bewaffnete Volkskämpfe in Europa 1848/49. Berlin (East): Militärverlag der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik, 1973.
Hewitson, Mark. The People’s Wars: Histories of Violence in the German Lands, 1820–1888 . New York: Oxford University Press, 2017.
Heyrick, Elizabeth Coltman. Immediate, Not Gradual Abolition. London: Hatchard, 1837.
Hietala, Thomas. Manifest Design: American Exceptionalism and Empire. 2nd, revised ed. Ithaca, NY ; London: Cornell University Press, 2003.
Hilde, Libra Rose. Worth a Dozen Men: Women and Nursing in the Civil War South. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2012.
Hine, Darlene Clark. Hine Sight: Black Women and the Reconstruction of American History. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1994.
Hippler, Thomas. "The French Army, 1789-1914: Volunteers, Pressed Soldiers, and Conscripts." In Fighting for a Living: A Comparative History of Military Labour, 1500-2000, edited by Erik Jan Zurcher, 419-446. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2014.
Hobsbawm, Eric J. Nations and Nationalism since 1780: Programme, Myth, Reality. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1992.
Hodgson, Godfrey. The Myth of American Exceptionalism. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2009.
Hohrath, Daniel, and Sönke Neitzel. Kriegsgreuel: Die Entgrenzung der Gewalt in kriegerischen Konflikten vom Mittelalter bis ins 20. Jahrhundert In Kriegsgreuel: Die Entgrenzung der Gewalt in kriegerischen Konflikten vom Mittelalter bis ins 20. Jahrhundert. The German Atrocities in the War of 1870/71 Using the Example of the Bavarians. Paderborn, Germany: Schöningh, 2008.
Hook, Jason, and Martin Pegler. To Live and Die in the West: the American Indian Wars, 1860–90. New York: Routledge, 2013.
Hooper, Candice Shy. Lincoln’s Generals’ Wives: Four Women Who Influenced the Civil War––for Better and for Worse In Journal of Military History. Ashland, OH: Kent State University Press, 2016.

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