Guerilla Warfare & (Military) Resistance

Rossellini, Roberto. Rome, Open City. Italy: Minerva Film SPA, 1945.

The uneven quality of the processing and multiple types of film stock reflected how war caused the collapse of the film  industry. Principal photograph began in January 1945.

Part of Roberto Rossellini's War trilogy. The first part of the trilogy followed by Paisan and Germany, Year Zero.

 

Lelouch, Claude. Les Misérables (1995). France: Bac Films, Warner Bros., 1995.
Wajda, Andrzej. Kanal. Poland: Zespół Filmowy Kadr, 1957.

The second film in Andrzej Wajda’s World War II triology, preceded by A Generation and followed by Ashes and Diamonds. It is also the first film to document the Warsaw Uprising.

Malle, Louis. Lacombe, Lucien. France: Cinema International Corporation, 1974.
Lang, Fritz. Hangmen Also Die!. United States: United Artists, 1943.

Czech resistance fighters who parachuted from a British plane in Operation Anthropoid assassinated Heydrich.

Verhoeven, Paul. Black Book. Netherlands: A-Film Distribution, 2006.
Menzel, Jirí. Closely Watched Trains. Closely Observed Trains. Czechoslovakia: Ústřední Půjčovna Filmů, 1966.
Wajda, Andrzej. A Generation. Poland, 1955.

The first film in Andrzej Wajda’s World War II trilogy, followed by Kanal and Ashes and Diamonds.

Political Violence in Twentieth Century Europe, Edited by Donald Bloxham and Robert Gerwarth. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2011.

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