Search Websites by Keywords

The keyword search in the collection of websites allows users to look for websites on the subject of gender, military and war that provide access to Online collections of primary sources, educational resources and Online encyclopedia. The collection primarily includes websites provided by public institutions like archives, bibliographies, foundations, libraries, museums, research institutions or universities. The focus of the collection is on the wars of the twentieth century, especially the First and Second World War, because for them much more websites are available. Most of the included websites are in English, French or German.

Users can search for these websites by using one or a combination of two and more, keyword for their search. They can search for major wars, time periods, regions or countries. In addition, a thematic keyword search is possible, which is based on a selection of broad terms defined by the editors of the Oxford Handbook of Gender and War since 1600 edited by Karen Hagemann (General Editor), Stefan Dudink, and Sonya Rose (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2018). They represent some of its central themes and questions. For information on the various keywords and tags associated with the Bibliography, Filmography and Webography, go to About the Search Options.

Search Results

Title Institution Abstract Type of Source
"They Still Draw Pictures" University of California, San Diego

Created by the Mandeville Special Collections Librayr of the University of California–San Diego, this site provides users with digitized images of over 600 pencil, crayon, ink, and watercolor drawings made during the Spanish Civil War by Spanish school children, both in Spain and in refugee centers in France. Originally published as a book under this title in 1939, the drawings are organized according to the place of their creation, and include information, where available, on the child's name and age. The site also includes text from the book, including an introduction from Aldous Huxley.

Primary Source Collections
17th-19th Century British Religious, Political, and Legal Tracts University of Missouri

A collection of pamphlets touching on a range of social, economic, political, medial, legal, religious, and other affairs, this archive of British tracts covers more than 20,000 entries across the entire three-century period. It includes a searchable database and page images viewable within the browser. Hosted by the University of Missouri since the 1940s, the collection is founded on the collection of 17,000 pamphlets collected by the Philadelphian bookseller Ralph Howey, but has grown since then to include other donations and acquisitions. Others include petitions, treatises aimed at influencing the British government, including related to issues of war, politics, and society.

Primary Source Collections
1914–1918 Online: International Encyclopedia of the First World War Bayerische Staatsbiblothek

The International Encyclopedia of the First World War is a full-scale English–language reference for the war. International and collaborative, the site strives to offer multiple perspectives by combining the efforts of over 1,000 authors, editors, and partner institutions from over 50 countries. Seeking to offer an all-encompassing vision of the war, the site offers materials not only on the major belligerant powers of Europe, but also actions—and even neutral countries—all over the globe. Each article is extensively linked to other articles, providing users with the power to naviage for themselves through non-narrative and non-linear paths.

A Vision of Britain Through Time University of Portsmouth

Based in the Department of Geography at the University of Portsmouth (UK), A Vision of Britain through Time combines data from historical surveys of the island. Created by the Great Britain Historical GIS Project, the project has received support from Office of National Statistics, the National Archives, the British Library, English Heritage, the Environment Agency and many academic institutions. In addition to the GIS analyses presented, the site gives users access to collections of individual sets of historical maps, including a broad range related to the military and the War Office.

Primary Source Collections
Abraham Lincoln Brigade: Spanish Civil War History and Education: About the Digital Collections Abraham Lincoln Brigade Archives

The Abraham Lincoln Brigade Archives (ALBA) is an educational non-profit dedicated to promoting social activism and the defense of human rights. ALBA’s work is inspired by the American volunteers of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade who fought fascism in the Spanish Civil War (1936-39). Drawing on the ALBA collections in New York University’s Tamiment Library, and working to expand such collections, ALBA works to preserve the legacy of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade as an inspiration for present and future generations.

Primary Source Collections
Ad*Access Duke University Libraries

Created by Duke University Libraries Digital Collections department, the Ad*Access project offers users access to images and publication information of over 7,000 US and Canadian advertisements dating to the years between 1911 and 1955. Selected from the large number of available materials, the collections are concentrated on five major areas: Beauty and Hygiene, Radio, Television, Transportation, and World War II propaganda. Drawn from a number of archives on the Duke campus, the advertisements are sorted into collections allowing users to browse by company, product, date, publication, subject, medium, headline, audience. Of interest to students, teachers, and researchers, the archive is also fully keyword searchable according to those same criteria.

Primary Source Collections
African Union: Resources African Union

With its origins in the Organization of African Unity, founded in 1963, the African Union has developed since 1999 into an organization designed to facilitate cooperation on the "multifaceted social, economic and political problems compounded as they are by certain negative aspects of globalisation." The website offers users access to official materials, news, and events related to a range of themes, including Peace & Security and Women, Gender & Development. A collection of official foundational documents is available to browse, and site content is fully searchable. In addition to its full English–language edition, the site also features French and Arabic versions.

Primary Source Collections
ALEX: Historische Rechts- und Gesetzestexte Österreichische Nationalbibliothek

Created by the Austrian National Library, this Digital Reading Room for law allows users to search, browse, and read historical legal texts. Searches are only available by publication, year, and law number, but not full-text. Results are displayed as images, and all sources and site resources are in German with no English translation.

Primary Source Collections
Alexander Hamilton: The Man Who Made Modern America New York Historical Society

In the unpublished documents section, the New York Historical Society is making available previously unpublished manuscript documents by, to, or about Alexander Hamilton from its collections and the holdings of the Gilder Lehrman Collection.

Primary Source Collections
American Experience Public Broadcasting Service

A companion to the Public Broadcasting (PBS) history series, this site includes features on a range of people and events in American history, from Hawaii's last queen to death in the Civil War. It includes watchable trailers of many films, as well as fully viewable versions of a selection.

Arab Image Foundation Arab Image Foundation

Established in Beirut in 1997, the Arab Image Foundation is a non-profit organization that has acquired and preserved some 600,000 photographs from the Middle East, North Africa and the Arab diaspora. This site offers users access to the results of an ongoing effort to digitize these collections funded by the Violet Jabara Charitable Trust, the Arab Fund for Arts and Culture and the Ford Foundation. The collections can be searched and browsed, and include a number of distinct collections related to particular subjects, events, photographers, or countries of origin.

Primary Source Collections
Arab Institute for Human Rights Arab Institute for Human Rights

The Arab Institute for Human Rights is an independent Arab non-governmental organization based in Tunisia. It was founded in 1989 at the initiative of the Arab Organization for Human Rights, the Arab Lawyers' Union, and the Tunisian League for Human Rights, with the support of the United Nations Centre for Human Rights. The institute promotes those human rights enumerated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and international conventions. Its website offers users publications, databases, training materials, educational resources, and more. The site's English version is fully functional and searchable.

Primary Source Collections
Art of African Exploration Smithsonian Libraries

Created by the Smithsonian Institution, this online exhibit presents primary sources documenting Westerners' earliest travels in Africa, including maps, landscape drawings, sketches of plant life, descriptions of peoples and individuals, printed publications, and other materials. The project aims to document how Europeans filled in the interior spaces of the continent, which had hitherto been empty spaces on their maps. It provides users with an understanding of how European travelers combined the desire for conquest or profit, missionary fervor, a thirst for adventure, and scientific curiosity, proving themselves adventurers, scientists, humanitarians, and opportunists, all advancing the processes of imperialism even as they expanded knowledge. The site presents users with a curated collection of images and texts organized around themes of knowledge, science, exploration, and wildlife, all of which are tagged with identifying information and are viewable in enlarged formats.

Primary Source Collections
Art of the First World War Mémorial de Caen

Created by the Mémorial de Caen and supported by UNESCO, this digital exhibition was created in 1998 to honor the 80th anniversary of the Armistice of November 11, 1918. Containing 110 paintings representing a range of styles and schools collected from museums across Europe, the exhibition contains an informational apparatus about the artists and their work created by by art historian and exhibition curator Philippe Dagen. Users can browse the various thematically organized collections on total war, the battlefield, suffering, and death, as well as by a section organized by artist. The website features full English, French, and German versions.

Primary Source Collections
Atria: Institute on Gender Equality and Women's History Institute on Gender Equality and Women's History

Located in Amsterdam, Atria is a historical research institute dedicated to questions of women's history and equality. In addition to thematic collections of primary sources and scholarly essays on a range of topics related to sexuality, gender, politics, feminism, politics and more, the site also offers a dictionary/thesaurus of terms. Although the site's base language is Dutch, it has an extensive English–language version.

Primary Source Collections
Avalon Project: Documents in Law, History and Diplomacy Lillian Goldman Law Library

A collection of digitized documents on American law, history, politics, and related topics, the Avalon Project was created by the  Lillian Goldman Law Library at Yale University. The collection also includes a small selection of documents dating to prior to 1500 that have some relevance to the subjects. Documents include clear bibliographic information, and are linked via a circumscribed number of categories, including race, slavery, law, and more. 

Primary Source Collections
Bassi-Veratti Collection Stanford University

Created by Stanford University Libraries, the Biblioteca Comunale dell'Archiginnasio (Bologna) and the Istituto per i Beni Artistici, Culturali e Naturali della Regione Emilia-Romagna, the Bassi-Veratti Collection provides users with digital access to the archive of the influential scientists Laura Bassi (1711–1778), as well as her husband, Guiseppe Veratti (m. 1738). Accessed via a dedicated finding aid, digitized materials (which are drawn only from the Bassi Veratti Collection in the Archiginnasio) include detailed descriptions of the documents: manuscripts, correspondence, accounting materials, legal documents, poems, wills, memoirs, petitions, and related items. Entries are accompanied by brief descriptions in modern Italian and in English, but documents are accessed as images of the originals.

Primary Source Collections
BBC Archive WWII: Witnessing the Holocaust - Personal accounts of persecution and genocide by the Nazi regime BBC

A series of short films ranging from a few minutes up to a full hour, this collection and accompanying website document the personal testimonies of witnesses and survivors of the Holocaust, with a particular emphasis on the realities of life and death in the camps, as well as the legacy of the Final Solution. The collection also includes materials conveying a sense of the shock felt by the liberators and how the atrocities were revealed by broadcasters in the UK. Although the site is no longer updated, the films remained viewable at last accessing in July 2017.

Primary Source Collections
BCWProject: British Civil Wars, Commonwealth and Protectorate, 1638–1660 David Plant

Created and maintained by a private individual, this site comprises an online encyclopedia of the larger interlinked conflicts that make up the English Civil War and the related conflicts that shook Ireland, Scotland, Wales and England alike. It spans the period from the signing of the Scottish National Covenant of 1638 to the Restoration of the Monarchy in 1660. The site includes timelines of events, a browseable list of biographical entries, a section on traditional military history of units and tactics, and a series of brief explanations of basic topics of religion, politics, and political philosophy. The site is clearly written and organized, making it useful for teachers and students.

Before the Holocaust: Concentration Camps in Nazi Germany, 1933-1939 Birkbeck University of London

Created by scholars at Birkbeck, University of London with support from the Arts & Humanities Research Council, this site offers users a range of essays, documents, and resources on the Nazi concentration camps in the years between Hitler's rise to power in 1933 and the outbreak of war in 1939. Delving into the history of the camps before the Holocaust, the project seeks the origins of the wartime practice of the Final Solution through the examination of three themes: regime policies and the links between terror, state, and society; conditions within the camps including the lives of various groups and their interactions; and, finally, the relationship between the camps and the German population as a whole. Documents are divided into thematic sections and are available both as a digitized image of the German original and in English translation.


Primary Source Collections
Betty H. Carter Women Veterans Historical Project University of North Carolina at Greensboro

Established at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro, the Betty H. Carter Women Veterans Historical Project aims to document women's service in the military and related services—oncluding the Red Cross and other civilian organizations—beginning with World War I. The digital collections include a wide range of primary source material, including photographs, letters, diaries, scrapbooks, oral histories, as well as physical artifacts from all of the period's wars, but its strength is World War I. Continuing to undertake acquisition and educational outreach, the project is working to study ongoing changes in the American military as gender integration becomes increasingly common in the armed forces. Site materials are searchable and browseable by war, branch, type of source, and by date.

Biblioteca Digital Hispánica Biblioteca Nacional de España

La Biblioteca Digital Hispánica (BDH), or Hispanica Digital Library is a project of the National Library of Spain, and provides free access to digitized documents and books dating to the 15th century. It also includes manuscripts, drawings, engravings, pamphlets, posters, photographs, maps, atlases, music scores, historic newspapers and magazines and audio recordings. Its goals are disseminating cultural heritage, preserving it, and contributing to broader European Union plans for digital library access. Using the search function, users can access full-text images of sources.

Primary Source Collections
Biblioteca Universitaria Alessandrina - digitALE Biblioteca Universitaria Alessandrina

Created by the Library of Alessandrini University (Rome), the digital library provides users with access to several dozen digitized historical periodicals on a range of subjects, including youth, commerce, and general interest, as well as digitized reproductions of catalogs of manuscript and other holdings. All materials and website pages are in Italian.

Primary Source Collections