Search Websites by Keywords

The keyword search in the collection of websites allows users to look for websites on the subject of gender, military and war that provide access to Online collections of primary sources, educational resources and Online encyclopedia. The collection primarily includes websites provided by public institutions like archives, bibliographies, foundations, libraries, museums, research institutions or universities. The focus of the collection is on the wars of the twentieth century, especially the First and Second World War, because for them much more websites are available. Most of the included websites are in English, French or German.

Users can search for these websites by using one or a combination of two and more, keyword for their search. They can search for major wars, time periods, regions or countries. In addition, a thematic keyword search is possible, which is based on a selection of broad terms defined by the editors of the Oxford Handbook of Gender, War and the Western World since 1600 edited by Karen Hagemann, Stefan Dudink, and Sonya O. Rose (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2020). They represent some of its central themes and questions. For information on the various keywords and tags associated with the Bibliography, Filmography and Webography, go to About the Search Options.

Search Results

Title Institution Abstract Type of Source The History Website of the Fondation Napoléon Fondation Napoléon

The Fondation Napoléon, a historical foundation located in Paris and since 2000 led by the historian Thierry Lentz, is made up of professionals and specialists in military history, the history of the arts and library and information science. This team created the website that includes a History of the two Empires with timelines, biographies, paintings etc., a section for Young Historians, and Napoleonica Research dedicated above all to primary sources on the era of the Napoleonic Empire (18041815) to the disposal of researchers and historians via the Internet, using the key word search. In addition, visitors to the site will find...

Primary Source Collection
Napoleonic Period Collection: Satirical Prints University of Washington, University Libraries

This collection by the University Libraries of the University of Washington, Seattle, WA, showcases 83 satirical prints, or caricatures, from the Napoleonic period, all giving political commentary on events of the period. Fifty of the prints were created by French artists, and thirty-three by English artists. Nearly all of the French prints date from the last two years of Napoleon's reign, but the English prints represent a broader time period ranging from 1793 to 1815. The prints are primarily original etchings with other printing methods represented. Most of them have been hand-colored. The original collection is in good physical condition, although a few pieces have been trimmed to the edge of the plate impression or even the edge of the image.

Graphic Material
Napoleon’s Rise & Fall: Illustrated Timeline Virginia Museum of Fine Arts

The Virginia Museum of Fine Arts created this in depth, illustrated timeline to document with contemporary art the crucial events constituting the rise and fall of one of the world’s most well known and impactful French military leaders Napoleon Bonaparte (1769–1821). At its height in 1810 the Napoleonic Empire (1803–1815) covered most of Europe.

Graphic Material
National Archives (United Kingdom) National Archives

The official site of the National Archives of the United Kingdom housed at Kew, this site provides users with a range of finding aids and guides to the archive's holdings, as well as a searchable and browseable database of online holdings. These holdings include guides and online databases for numerous relevant categories: including both world wars, various service branches, and more. The site includes a section of materials for teachers and students. 

Primary Source Collection
National Archives: Vietnam War The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration

The National Archives has a wealth of records and information documenting the U.S. experience in the Vietnam conflict. These include photographs, textual and electronic records, audiovisual recordings, exhibits, educational resources, articles, blog posts, lectures, and events. Users can explore records, information, articles and resources organized by four subject area: “Diplomacy,” “In Country,” “The War at Home,” and “Post-Conflict Events.” The sub-site “The Vietnam War: Primary Sources and Teaching Activities” offers a plethora of documents for the classroom in high schools and colleges.

National Army Museum National Army Museum

A public organization that includes corporate partnerships, the National Army Museum strives to be a source for both education and the general public. It includes materials and exhibits in Great Britain's military history, with its collections concentrated on the centuries from the English Civil War onward. In addition, it is expansive enough to include Britain's imperial and colonial possessions. In contrast to the Imperial War Museum, the Army Museum's remit is narrower, focusing on specifically military matters. Extensive online exhibitions on a range of chronological and thematic topics, including Florence Nightingale and the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps, offer a small selection of primary sources and brief accompanying essays.

Primary Source Collection
National Library of Israel: Digital Library The National Library of Israel

A site created by the National Library of Israel, this Digital Library provides users with access to a range of online collections, primarily but not exclusively related to the history of the State of Israel and, prior to that, to Palestine. They include extensive records of Jewish press, but also collections of maps, manuscripts, advertisements and other ephemeral materials, and other subjects relating to the twentieth century, as well as earlier periods. The website has a comprehensive English–language version, although materials are presented as digitized images of the originals in a variety of languages, including Yiddish, Hebrew, Polish, French, and many others.

Primary Source Collection
National Library of Serbia: Digital Library Narodna biblioteka Srbije

The online collections of the National Library of Serbia, this site presents a range of books, periodicals, manuscripts, and other sources, accessible through an English language browsing and searching feature. Of greatest, perhaps, is a large digital collection on the First World War, which contains maps, a digital exhibition, and related materials.

Primary Source Collection
National Security Archive George Washington University

Founded in 1985 by journalists and scholars to check rising government secrecy, the National Security Archive combines a unique range of functions: investigative journalism center, research institute on international affairs, library and archive of declassified U.S. documents ("the world's largest nongovernmental collection" according to the Los Angeles Times), leading non-profit user of the U.S. Freedom of Information Act, public interest law firm defending and expanding public access to government information, global advocate of open government, and indexer and publisher of former secrets. The National Security Archive has established an extraordinary track record of highly credible, award-winning investigative journalism and scholarship.

Primary Source Collection
National World War I Museum and Memorial The National World War I Museum and Memorial

Created by the National World War I Museum and Memorial (Kansas City), these online collections are searchable and browseable. Still growing, they represent only a part of the museum's collections. In addition to extensive numbers of photographs, the materials include letters, posters, songs, and other materials related to the United States' involvement in the war. The museum and its collections have been in operation since 1920, but recently received status as a historic landmark (2006) and national memorial (2014).

Primary Source Collection
Nazi Germany: Five Maps to Explore Nazi Germany German Historical Institute, Washington, DC.

Developed by the German History in Documents and Images Institution, these maps provide a comprehensive collection of original historical materials documenting German history during the Second World War. The maps comprise of Germany's territorial expansion from 1935-1939, the administrative structure under national socialism in 1941, Europe at the beginning of December 1941, concentration and extermination camps and major "euthanasia" centers, and Europe in April 1944. 



Necrometrics White, Matthew

Written and edited by librarian Matthew White, this site offers an accounting for genocides and other atrocities across a range of times and places, with a particular emphasis on estimated numbers of victims.

Netwerk Oorlogsbronnen Netwerk Oorlogsbronnen

The War Sources Network (NOB) is a project to improve digital access to Dutch collections of materials on World War II by facilitating the collaboration of some 400 institutions with relevant collections. It aims to make the hundreds of thousands of photos and millions of documents digitized more useful and discoverable by providing integrated search and browsing. All materials and site pages are in Dutch.

Primary Source Collection
New York Public Library Digital Collections New York Public Library

Created by the New York Public Library, this site features photographs and images related to a range of subjects, the most relevant of which are the American Civil War (1861-1865) and First World War (1914-1918), as well as a rich collection of Russian Civil War (1918-1922) posters. The images are fully text searchable, but also divided into subject collections, each accompanied by a brief introductory essay, which includes bibliographic references. Collections with numerous entries have internal subdivisions. All site pages and materials are accessible in English, but pages are also available in other world languages.

Primary Source Collection
New Zealand and the First World War New Zealand History

Of the 250,000 of eligible age in 1914, nearly 100,000 New Zealand men served overseas. New Zealand forces were involved in the conflict from the capture of Samoa in 1914 to the end of the fighting on Armistice Day in 1918. WWI had a seismic impact on New Xealand, reshaping the country's perception of itself and its place in the world. This website produced by the History Group of the New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage provide critical information, data and maps of New Zealand's role in the First World War. It provides articles of New Zealand's efforts in Gallipoli & the Balkans, the Western Front, the Middle East, at sea, in the air, and at homefront. It also provides maps of where New Zealand came to take part in the First World War. 

New-York Historical Society Museum & Library: Shelby White & Leon Levy Digital Library New-York Historical Society

This site presents selections from the New-York Historical Society Museum and Library’s holdings, featuring highlights from the collections of paintings, drawings, photographs, manuscripts, broadsides, maps, and other materials that reveal the depth and breadth of over two centuries of collecting. The N-YHS Digital Collections site is expanding as the library and museum continue to digitize their primary source materials relating to the history of New York and the United States. We encourage users to explore the site to conduct research within the growing number of collections that are available through this portal. We also encourage researchers to visit the library to use our rich collections of materials that have not yet been digitized and to visit the museum to view many objects in the permanent galleries or in temporary exhibitions. You can find out more about the library's holdings through its online catalog and finding...

Newspaper Pictorials: World War I Rotogravures Library of Congress

A digital collection created by the Library of Congress, this website offers users access to high-resolution images of World War I–era New York newspapers, which used rotogravure, a new printing process with improved quality of the illustrations they could recreate on inexpensive newsprint. The era's newspapers had vivid pictoral sections that, although the newspapers as a whole were long ago microfilmed for preservation, were unable to be reproduced in that medium with sufficient resolution. Containing several hundred images and browsable according to various criteria, these collections have relevance to students or researchers interested in the shifting press coverage in the United States about the war in Europe and, by extension, the changes in popular sentiment.

Primary Source Collection
NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences

NIOD’s archives and collections about war, the Second World War in the Netherlands and the Dutch East Indies, the Holocaust and other genocides in the 20th and 21st century are accessible for all interested parties.

Primary Source Collection
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO): e-Library North Atlantic Treaty Organization

This official site of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization offers users access to a broad range of official policy documents, helpful references, and other materials. Of particular interest to those interested in the Cold War, its digital archive offers users access to the policy documents, committee reports, analysis reports, and related documents organized primarily according to the output of individual committees, albeit through an interface that can be difficult to navigate. Site pages and materials are in English.

Primary Source Collection
Notes from the Field: Postcards of the Spanish Civil War The Mandeville Special Collections Library

Throughout the Spanish Civil War, both sides employed diverse forms of propaganda designed to promote the war effort. In a divided Spain, the spread of propaganda through government and non-government channels reached a fever pitch. Targeted media sought to mobilize not only soldiers, but also factory workers, political adherents, women and children of the so-called "rearguard," and foreigners. In each case the motive was the same: solidarity and perseverance for the sake of victory. As a means of propaganda, postcards present many curiosities. Given their size, they were not meant to appeal to large audiences in the same way as posters or films. However, postcards represent a highly personal form of propaganda, spread by tight-knit networks of individuals often connected emotionally. This website is a collection of various postcards from the war.

Printed Material
Nuremberg Trials Project: A Digital Document Collection Harvard Law School Library

Created by the Harvard Law School Library, this site offers users access to documents of the International Military Tribunal, which tried military and political leaders of Nazi Germany, as well as the twelve trials of war criminals conducted by the United States Nuremberg Military Tribunals. Users can browse or search a range of documents including trial transcripts, briefs, evidence files, and photographs. Designed to preserve the fragile documents, the project is a boon to students, teachers, and researchers. Documents are primarily in English, and German originals have attached English translations.

Primary Source Collection
Old Bailey Online: The Proceedings of the Old Bailey - London's Central Criminal Court, 1674 to 1913 The Open University

A fully searchable edition of the largest body of texts detailing the lives of non-elite people ever published, containing 197,745 criminal trials held at London's central criminal court. The Old Bailey Proceedings Online makes available a fully searchable, digitised collection of all surviving editions of the Old Bailey Proceedings from 1674 to 1913, and of the Ordinary of Newgate's Accounts between 1676 and 1772. It allows access to over 197,000 trials and biographical details of approximately 2,500 men and women executed at Tyburn, free of charge for non-commercial use.

Primary Source Collection
Old Maps Online Klokan Technologies

OldMapsOnline developed out of a love of history and heritage of old maps. The project began as a collaboration between Klokan Technologies GmbH, Switzerland and the Great Britain Historical GIS Project based at the University of Portsmouth. The project improved and maintained by volunteers, and contains over 400,000 maps. This is only thanks to the archives and libraries that were open to the idea and provided their online content. The site's finding aid allows users to choose a place on a modern map and then browse historical maps depicting that region.

Onderwijs: Digitale tentoonstellingen Nationaal Comité

A collaborative project of the Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies, the War Resouces Network, and several other partners, the World War II Platform is a repository of Dutch resources relating to the war. Materials are organized into special collections exploring the experiences of prisoners, homosexuality under occupation, hostages, material culture, invasion, and liberation. Other thematic collections explore the prewar situtation, politics and economy, resistance, Dutch overseas colonial posessions, and other related issues. All site materials are in Dutch.

Primary Source Collection