Search Websites by Keywords

The keyword search in the collection of websites allows users to look for websites on the subject of gender, military and war that provide access to Online collections of primary sources, educational resources and Online encyclopedia. The collection primarily includes websites provided by public institutions like archives, bibliographies, foundations, libraries, museums, research institutions or universities. The focus of the collection is on the wars of the twentieth century, especially the First and Second World War, because for them much more websites are available. Most of the included websites are in English, French or German.

Users can search for these websites by using one or a combination of two and more, keyword for their search. They can search for major wars, time periods, regions or countries. In addition, a thematic keyword search is possible, which is based on a selection of broad terms defined by the editors of the Oxford Handbook of Gender, War and the Western World since 1600 edited by Karen Hagemann, Stefan Dudink, and Sonya O. Rose (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2020). They represent some of its central themes and questions. For information on the various keywords and tags associated with the Bibliography, Filmography and Webography, go to About the Search Options.

Search Results

Title Institution Abstract Type of Source
UK Web Archive (UKWA) Library and Information Services Council

A project of—among others—the British Library, the National Library of Scotland, the Welcome Library, and the Women's Library, the UK Web Archive (UKWA) is designed as a resource for the public, teachers, students, researchers, and more. It aims to provide a record of UK based websites for preservation, a record that begins with 2004, when archiving began. The larger project is based at the National Library of Scotland, the National Library of Wales, Cambridge University Library, the Bodleian Library in Oxford, and the library of Trinity College Dublin. Full access is available only through those sites, but partial access is available on this web portal, which is text searchable. Relevant thematic collections include the First World War Centenary and Women's Issues collections.

Letter Edition
UN Peacemaker United Nations

A UN database providing close to 800 documents that can be understood broadly as peace agreements and related material. Users can access the full texts of the agreements in different languages and can use different search criteria, including searching by a number of different thematic issues.

Primary Source Collection
UNESDOC: Digital Library UNESCO

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is an international organization devoted to facilitating dialogue among cultures and peoples to achieve sustainable development, respect for human rights, the alleviation of poverty and other core goals. Its Digital Database UNESDOC offers access to more than 200,000 publications dating back to the organization's early years after the Second World War. On a range of themes including development, conflict prevention, and more, materials can be located through a multiterm advanced search function. Many are available in full text. English–language materials are well represented, but the database also contains those in French and other languages.

Primary Source Collection
United States Congress: Treaty Documents United States Congress

This official congressional website offers access to treaty texts, ratification resolutions, timelines and related materials dating as far back as the 81st Congress (1949–50), but primarily representing materials from the mid–1960s onward. Materials are text searchable and browseable according to chronological order, status, and topic of the treaty. Relevant topics include arms control, international law, human rights, and more.

Primary Source Collection
United States: Bureau of Global Public Affairs United States Department of State

The mission of the Bureau of Global Public Affairs (GPA) is to serve the American people by effectively communicating U.S. foreign policy priorities and the importance of diplomacy to American audiences, and engaging foreign publics to enhance their understanding of and support for the values and policies of the United States.

Primary Source Collection
University of Minnesota Human Rights Library University of Minnesota Human Rights Center

The University of Minnesota Human Rights Library houses one of the largest collections of more than sixty thousand core human rights documents, including several hundred human rights treaties and other primary international human rights instruments. The site also provides access to more than four thousand links and a unique search device for multiple human rights sites. This comprehensive research tool is accessed by more than 250,000 students, scholars, educators, and human rights advocates monthly from over 150 countries around the world. Documents are available in nine languages - Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Japanese, Korean, Russian, Spanish, and Swedish.

Primary Source Collection
University of South Florida Digital Collections University of South Florida Libraries

The University of South Florida Library's Special Collections Department has provided access to a digital library of various thematic collections of materials which are browsable and searchable according to several criteria. Of particular interest are collections of primary sources on the Spanish Civil War (1936–38), an archive of oral histories on the topic, and a collection of materials on the Holocaust, World War II, and genocide in general. All finding aids and many materials are in English. Materials are fully viewable online, and are provided with a brief English–language synopsis.

Primary Source Collection
Veterans History Project American Folklife Center

Created by the Library of Congress and the American Folklife Center, the Veterans History Project is an initiative to collect, store, and offer access to individual American veterans' accounts of their wartime experiences. Users can search interviews by name, service location, unit, rank, interviewer, keywords and notes. Searches can be limited according to branch, gender, type of material, and war, ranging from World War I to the Iraq and Afghanistan Wars. A browse feature allows users to view results by last name, war and service branch, state of residence, and race/ethnicity.

Veterans' Associations Eichenberg, Julia

Veterans’ associations formed an influential social movement during the interwar period. They provided the platform for former soldiers to commemorate the war and their fallen comrades and to discuss their post-war problems. The associations merged the voices of the soldiers who joined them and, as a group, acquired political and social influence, which they used to promote ex-servicemen’s interests and needs. This article aims to reconsider the rise and fall of the veterans’ movement and reflect on its short-term failures and its long-term impact.

Victorian Britain The British Library

Provided by the British Library, the digital exhibition on Victorian Britain provides both primary sources and essays by historians, both concentrating on everyday life in the time and place. The reign of Victoria (1837–1901) was one of enormous economic, technological, social, cultural, and other changes, many of which are featured in this exhibitions. Many individual sections and a number of documents touch on the role of women in these changes.

Primary Source Collection
Vietnam Profile: Timeline since 1858 British Broadcasting Corporation

This website created by the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) in April 2018 provides a general chronology of the major events in Vietnam since the beginning of the French colonial rule in 1858. Included are the First and Second Indochina Wars and their aftermath in the region, as well as the reconstruction and reconciliation period.

Visual Culture of the American Civil War City University of New York

The historical record of the American Civil War includes a vast amount of visual material—photographs, illustrated news periodicals, comic publications, individually-published prints, almanacs, political cartoons, illustrated envelopes, trade cards, greeting cards, sheet music covers, money, and more. The era’s visual media heralded an unprecedented change in the production and availability of pictorial media in everyday life and an innovation in the documentation of warfare. This website features presentations by historians, art historians, and archivists who discussed their research with institute participants. Each presentation is accompanied by a gallery of archival images; a set of primary documents that illuminates aspects of the subject; and a bibliography of books, articles, and online resources for further investigation.

Visualizing Emancipation University of Richmond

Visualizing Emancipation is a map of slavery’s end during the American Civil War. It finds patterns in the collapse of southern slavery, mapping the interactions between federal policies, armies in the field, and the actions of enslaved men and women on countless farms and city blocks. It encourages scholars, students, and the public to examine the wartime end of slavery in place, allowing a rigorously geographic perspective on emancipation in the United States.

Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive University of Michigan

The Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive makes available to the public the results of a program underway since 1981 to interview Holocaust survivors. Created by Sidney Bolkosky, a professor of history at the University of Michigan–Dearborn and hosted by the university's libraries, the interviews are available on the site as short sound files embedded with texts, all of which are in English. Users can browse the interviews by the last name of the interviewee, as well as access links to related materials for educators and other researchers. 

Primary Source Collection
Voices of Rwanda Voices of Rwanda

Voices of Rwanda is an internationally supported non-governmental organization recording and preserving testimonies of Rwandans about the 1994 genocide. Its mission is to ensure stories inform the world about genocide and inspire a global sense of responsibility to prevent human rights atrocities. At present, only a small selection of short video testimonies are available online.

Primary Source Collection
Voices of the Holocaust British Library

Created by the British Library, Voices of the Holocaust is a digital collection of oral history interviews of Jewish survivors, both men and women, who came to Britain to live during or after World War II. The testmonies are most accessible through five thematic collections: life before the Holocaust, ghettos and deportations, the camps, resistance and liberation. Each is available both as an audio file and in transcription. The site also includes useful references and information about the camps, and resources for teachers, including lesson ideas.

Primary Source Collection
Voices of the Holocaust Project Galvin Library

Voices of the Holocaust Project provides a digital archive of restored, transcribed, and translated interviews with Holocaust survivors conducted in 1946 by David P. Boder, a psychology professor from Chicago's Illinois Institute of Technology. Hosted by the Institute, the site aims to reach students, researchers, historians, and the general public. The testimonies were collected in displaced persons camps in France, Switzerland, Italy, and Germany, and are available to browse by name, language, date, location, camp, nationality and religion. In addition, the site includes a number of references, including maps of interviewee locations, birthplaces, ghettos, liberation locations, and more. See also its bibliography and glossary of terms. Interviews include audio recordings, transcriptions in the original language, and full English translations of the transcribed text.

Primary Source Collection
War Songs New York Public Library

Provided by the New York Public Library's Digital Collections service, this digital collection compiles a few short pieces of sheet music (most are 2-8 pages) consisting primarily of songs devoted to specific wars or having a theme of wars, soldiers and related topics. It also includes songs whose lyrics may have no connection to wars but whose cover reflects engagement with the topic. 

Primary Source Collection
What Is Peacekeeping United Nations Peacekeeping

This site briefly outlines the goals and mechanisms of the UN peacekeeping process, including the roles of the General Assembly and the Security Council.

William J. Clinton Presidential Library National Archives and Records Administration

The website of the Clinton Presidential Library in Little Rock, AR, offers a clearinghouse of resources related to his administration (1993–2001), including links to finding aids, digital collections from the national archives, publically available papers, speeches, and other materials on a full range of issues, as well as a guide to requesting declassification of information through the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) process. Relevant issues include the conflict in Bosnia and other former republics of Yugoslavia; Iraq, Iran, and beyond; as well as the subjects of international jihadism and terrorism.

Primary Source Collection
Wilson Center Digital Archive Wilson Center

The Digital Archive contains once-secret documents from governments all across the globe, uncovering sources and providing insights into the history of international relations and diplomacy. The Digital Archive focuses on the interrelated histories of the Cold WarKorea, and Nuclear Proliferation

Primary Source Collection
Winter Soldier Investigation The Sixties Project

The Winter Soldier Investigation was a media event sponsored by the Vietnam Veterans Against the War (VVAW) from January 31 to February 2, 1971. It was intended to publicize war crimes and atrocities by the United States Armed Forces and their allies in the Vietnam War. The VVAW challenged the morality and conduct of the war by showing the direct relationship between military policies and war crimes in Vietnam. The three-day gathering of 109 veterans and 16 civilians took place in Detroit. Discharged servicemen from each branch of the armed forces, as well as civilian contractors, medical personnel and academics, all gave testimony about war crimes they had committed or witnessed during the years 1963–1970. The event was recorded, and a documentary film called Winter Soldier was released in 1972. [Wikipedia]

Primary Source Collection
Women and Conflict Studies Rebecca Best

Traditionally, women have been viewed as having little agency in wars and conflicts. Women were thought neither to cause the wars nor to fight them. When women were considered at all by scholars of war, they were conceived of primarily as victims. As women gained the franchise and ultimately began to be elected into political office in advanced democracies, some scholars began to consider the foreign policy implications of this—that is, do women’s attitudes toward war and defense policy differ from those of men and do these views produce different outcomes at the ballot box? Furthermore, do women behave differently with regard to security issues once in national office? Does their presence change the way their male colleagues vote on these issues? In recent decades, scholarship emerging first from critical feminist theory and later from positivist political scientists has begun to look more explicitly for women’s roles, experiences, and influences on and in conflict. This work has...

Women in United Nations Peace Operations: Increasing the Leadership Opportunities Conaway, Camille Pampell

Since the historic adoption of UN Security Council Resolution 1325 in 2000, the recognition of the important and beneficial role that women play in building sustainable peace has steadily increased. Civil society arguments for women’s inclusion in the formal processes of peacemaking and peacebuilding are bolstered by growing evidence of women’s impact on the ground in unstable and conflict-affected countries. Numerous policymakers and practitioners within the UN and other multi-lateral organizations are publicly acknowledging the value of women in leadership roles. Yet the lack of women in senior positions in the UN, particularly in peacekeeping missions, reflects the reality that significant cultural and institutional impediments remain to women’s entry and advancement within the UN. As a result, there is frustration with the slow pace of progress both inside and outside the system. There are few mechanisms in place to facilitate regular information sharing between the UN and...