Search Websites by Keywords

The keyword search in the collection of websites allows users to look for websites on the subject of gender, military and war that provide access to Online collections of primary sources, educational resources and Online encyclopedia. The collection primarily includes websites provided by public institutions like archives, bibliographies, foundations, libraries, museums, research institutions or universities. The focus of the collection is on the wars of the twentieth century, especially the First and Second World War, because for them much more websites are available. Most of the included websites are in English, French or German.

Users can search for these websites by using one or a combination of two and more, keyword for their search. They can search for major wars, time periods, regions or countries. In addition, a thematic keyword search is possible, which is based on a selection of broad terms defined by the editors of the Oxford Handbook of Gender, War and the Western World since 1600 edited by Karen Hagemann, Stefan Dudink, and Sonya O. Rose (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2020). They represent some of its central themes and questions. For information on the various keywords and tags associated with the Bibliography, Filmography and Webography, go to About the Search Options.

Search Results

Title Institution Abstract Type of Source
Student Voices from World War II and the McCarthy Era The Graduate Center CUNY

In this oral history website Brookyn College students narrate two historical episodes: their experiences of working on farms during World War II, and the events surrounding the suspension of the Vanguard, the student newspaper in a postwar McCarthy era climate. The edited testimony is accompanied by audio excerpts. These case studies add another dimension to our understanding of life on the American homefront during World War II and the domestic Cold War.

Audio Material
Survivor Stories: Coming of Age in the Holocaust Jewish Resistance Heritage Museum

Coming of Age during the Holocaust, Coming of Age Now is an interactive curriculum based around twelve stories of young people who survived the Holocaust and one woman who grew up in the Mandate of Palestine during the same period. The stories are pitched at middle-school students and their educators, but can also be used by families educating their children at home or by other adults working with young people independently or in groups. As part of this curriculum, students read real stories of people their own age who lived through the Holocaust  This site has a historical timeline of the Holocaust, a glossary, and other resources.

teachwar: Algerian Revolution, 1954 teachwar

The private site, “teachwar: Algerian Revolution, 1954” provides some central primary sources from the Algerian Revolution in 1954, which started the war of liberations against colonial France.

Primary Source Collection
Technische Universität Darmstadt: Digitale Bestände Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek – TU Darmstadt

A project of the Technical University of Darmstadt, the Digital Resources of the library and archives provide users with access to manuscripts and rare books, as well as maps, musical scores, and other materials for the entire modern period. Other sources include local newspapers from Hesse, as well as photographs and other visual sources. The project's portal is available in English, but search and materials are primarily in German.

Primary Source Collection
Témoignages de 1914-1918: Dictionnaire et guide des témoins de la Grande Guerre Collectif de recherche international et de débat sur la guerre de 1914-1918

Created by the French academic association "Collectif de recherche international et de débat sur la guerre de 1914-1918" (Collective for International Research and Debate on the First World War), this site (in English: Testimonies of 1914-1918: Dictionary and Guide for Witnesses of the Great War) provides access to French first-person narratives of World War I that have been collected, indexed, and analyzed. Each testimony is presented with as much context as possible, the full text, and an analysis of the value of the testimony. The site and its materials are primarily in French, although some of the projects, texts and resources are available in English at: CRID 14-18 in English.

Primary Source Collection
Testaments to the Holocaust: Archives Unbound GALE Cengage Learning

Testaments to the Holocaust is a searchable full-text and image collection designed to allow students to examine Nazi crimes. It includes more than 1,000 individual testimonies, 4,000 photographs, and documents such as Nazi propaganda, and is accompanied by essays and scholarly explanations of the documents and events. Access requires a subscription, which may be held by your library.

Primary Source Collection
The 1951 Refugee Convention UN Refugee Agency

The 1951 Refugee Convention and its 1967 Protocol are the key legal documents that form the basis the work of the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR). With 149 State parties to either or both, they define the term ‘refugee’ and outline the rights of refugees, as well as the legal obligations of States to protect them. The core principle is non-refoulement, which asserts that a refugee should not be returned to a country where they face serious threats to their life or freedom. This is now considered a rule of customary international law. UNHCR serves as the ‘guardian’ of the 1951 Convention and its 1967 Protocol. According to the legislation, States are expected to cooperate with us in ensuring that the rights of refugees are respected and protected.

Primary Source Collection
The Algerian War: A Timeline Vincent Hiribarren

Vincent Hiribarren, senior lecturer in modern African history at King’s College London, created this illustrated, interactive timeline for students learning about the Algerian War. The key events of the conflict are labeled within an animated chronology, and many descriptions include an accompanying visual with most descriptions presented in French.

The American Civil War: Maps Ken Burns

This site with fifteen maps on important campaigns and battles of the American Civil War (1861–65) is provided on the website of the award-winning PBS documentary by Ken Burns about the Civil War, which brings this conflict to life through the use of archival photographs, maps, diaries, letters, and other sources. It covers the politics, military campaigns, and the so-called home front before, during, and after America's bloodiest conflict.

The American Revolution: Interactive Timeline with Documents Ashbrook Center

The Ashbrook Center at Ashland University has created this database of an interactive timeline of the American Revolution to aid students in their comprehensive study of the conflict. The timeland and the related documents span a wide geographical distance. The timeline is for the American Revolutionary Wars divided into three time periods: 1775-1778, 1778-1781, and continues until the present.

Primary Source Collection
The American Soldier Center for Human-Computer Interaction

The American Soldier in World War II is a project to make available to scholars and to the public a remarkable collection of written reflections on war and military service by American soldiers who served during the Second World War. In its efforts to mobilize, train, equip, and lead the largest fighting force in the nation's history, the US War Department created an in-house Research Branch staffed and advised by the country's leading social and behavioral scientists. To help create a more efficient and effective fighting force, the Branch surveyed approximately half a million individuals over the course of the war. Tens of thousands of these men and women not only filled out the Branch's surveys, but they were eager to offer additional advice, praise, and criticism, and to share their personal stories of serving in America's "citizen-soldier" Army. What did these soldiers think about the food they were served or about leave, or about the training they received? How did African...

The Army-McCarthy Hearings 'C-SPAN'

Participants speak about the 1954 Army-McCarthy hearings. They comment on various audio excerpts from the hearings and respond to viewer comments and questions. The Army–McCarthy hearings were held by the United States Senate's Subcommittee on Investigations in April–June 1954 to investigate conflicting accusations between the United States Army and U.S. Senator Joseph McCarthy. The Army accused Chief Committee Counsel Roy Cohn of pressuring the Army to give preferential treatment to G. David Schine, a former McCarthy aide and friend of Cohn's. McCarthy counter-charged that this accusation was made in bad faith and in retaliation for his recent aggressive investigations of suspected Communists and security risks in the Army.

Audio Material
The Art of African Exploration Smithsonian Institution Libraries

Created by the Smithsonian Institution, this online exhibit presents primary sources documenting Westerners' earliest travels in Africa, including maps, landscape drawings, sketches of plant life, descriptions of peoples and individuals, printed publications, and other materials. The project aims to document how Europeans filled in the interior spaces of the continent, which had hitherto been empty spaces on their maps. It provides users with an understanding of how European travelers combined the desire for conquest or profit, missionary fervor, a thirst for adventure, and scientific curiosity, proving themselves adventurers, scientists, humanitarians, and opportunists, all advancing the processes of imperialism even as they expanded knowledge. The site presents users with a curated collection of images and texts organized around themes of knowledge, science, exploration, and wildlife, all of which are tagged with identifying information and are viewable in enlarged formats.

Primary Source Collection
The Civil War: Timeline 'Public Broadcasting Services'

Starting in 1787, the Public Broadcasting Service has created this timeline to correspond with Ken Burns’ renowned 1990 documentary on the American Civil War. Each time period is divided into segments so users can refer to the episode of the documentary that explains it. In this way, users can obtain a multi-layered visual experience of the conflict.

The Crisis of Humanitarian Intervention Bello, Walden

This article argues that intervention in Libya and elsewhere has led to an intensification of human rights violations, the erosion of the UN’s authority, and the expansion of the reach of great powers.

The Disasters of War Francis de Goya

Francisco Goya created “The Disasters of War” from 1810-1820. These 82 etchings and aquatints show scenes from the Spanish struggle against the French army under Napolean Bonaparte, who invaded Spain in 1808. When Napolean tried to install his brother Joseph Bonaparte, as King of Spain, the Spanish fought back, eventually aided by the British and the Portuguese. Goya’s prints explore the horrifying consequences of this kind of guerilla warfare, and the famine that followed. The French army is often shown by Goya as disorganized force, leaderless and cruel. However, the most surprizing innovation in his series is the emphasis Goya placed on war’s power to dehumanize everyone involved. the brutality of the two armies was equaled by the fury of the Spanish people. In some of the panels in this series such as, “And they are like wild beasts”, it is shocking to realize that the “beasts” are not the army but Spanish women fiercely fighting to protect themselves and their children from a...

The Europan War Collection University of Princeton Library

In 2016. the European War Collection at Princeton University consisted of 1,755 books and pamphlets relating to the European War. The University Library actively added books and pamphlets, publishing three listings of the collection — two in 1918: European War Collection: Alphabetical Author List and European War Classed List ], and one in 1920: Princeton University Library Classified List VI, pp. 3585-3608. During the 1920s and later, the bound books in the European War Collection were reclassed for the general stacks. However, hundreds of pamphlets (classed WET) were retained as a separate collection. The pamphlets were recatalogued by the Library during the summers of 1990 and 1991 and are now in the main catalogue. As of September 2014, "WWI European Pamphlet Collection"  is now available online.

Primary Source Collection
The First World War in Twenty Maps Images et Savoirs

The Map as History, provided by a team of French historians, is committed to innovate the learning about advanced history. The team uses a series of animated maps to bring history to life, often focusing on a single region to illustrate developments over time. They also create timelines to further clarify and contextualize historical progress. To date, they have published over 230 animated maps. The varied series permits users to learn about many regions—from the Americas, to India, to Europe, Africa, and the Middle East. Schools and universities all over the world use their maps to further learning in and out of the classroom, while students use the maps to better understand complex historical facts. The series of twenty maps and two animated maps on World War I is a helpful tool for any classroom.

The First World War Poetry Digital Archive University of Oxford

Hosted by Oxford University, the First World War Poetry Digital Archive provides users with access to some 7,000 texts, images, audio clips, and videos for use by teachers, students, and researchers. It concentrates on primary sources relating to the era's well-known poets, including Wilfred Owen, Isaac Rosenberg, Robert Graves, Vera Brittain, and Edward Thomas. The site also provides links to materials at the Imperial War Museum and an archive of materials donated by the public. Each browseable collection is devoted to a single poet, containing both texts and documents related to his or her life—correspondence, service records, photographs, etc. Other collections provide materials useful in contextualizing the war.

The Holocaust and Records of Concentration Camp Trials: Prosecution of Nazi War Crimes United States. Army. Office of the Judge Advocate General

Offering users access to more than 25,000 pages of documents dating from the years between 1944 and 1949, this collection concentrates on the investigation and prosecution of the war crimes of Nazi commanders and personnel in concentration camps. Among the materials are correspondence, legal documents, trial transcripts, interrogation reports, exhibit materials, clemency processes, photographs, newspaper clippings, and more. The materials cover a range of concentration and death camps from Mauthausen and Dachau to Treblinka and Sobibor, as well as several sub-camps. Including English-language documents, an introductory essay, and full searchability, the archives are accessible by a subsciption, which may be held by your research library.

Primary Source Collection
The Men's Bibliography Michael Flood

XY is a website focused on men, masculinities, and gender politics. XY is a space for the exploration of issues of gender and sexuality, the daily issues of men’s and women’s lives, and practical discussion of personal and social change. XY is:

  • A forum for debate and discussion, including commentary on contemporary and emerging issues in gender and sexual politics;
  • A resource library or clearinghouse for key reports, manuals, and articles;
  • A toolkit for activism, personal transformation and social change.

XY features 100s of articles on key ‘men’s issues’, from fathering and men’s health to the relationships between masculinity, class, race and sexuality, to domestic violence. XY makes available key national and international guides and manuals to working with men and boys and engaging men and boys in projects of building gender equality, ending violence against women, and striving for social justice. XY also includes personal stories,...

The Napoleon Series The Napoleon Series

The Napoleon Series website is a depository of learned articles and archival material covering all aspects of the Napoleonic Wars including battles and campaigns, personalities, regiments, and eyewitness accounts for all nations involved in the conflict. 

The Nazi Concentration Camps Birkbeck, University of London

Created by scholars at Birkbeck, University of London with support from the Arts & Humanities Research Council, this site offers users a range of essays, documents, and resources on the Nazi concentration camps. Delving into the history of the camps before the Holocaust, the project seeks to discover the origins of the wartime practice of the Final Solution through the examination of three themes: regime policies and the links between terror, state, and society; conditions within the camps including the lives of various groups and their interactions; and, finally, the relationship between the camps and the German population as a whole. Documents are divided into thematic sections and are available both as digitized images of the German original and in English translations.


Primary Source Collection
The Prokudin-Gorskii Photographic Record Recreated: The Empire That Was Russia Library of Congress

Created by the Library of Congress, "The Empire That Was Russia" presents a collection of unusually early color photographs of the Russian Empire's final years, taken by Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii (1863–1944). Using a unique process that took multiple exposures of a scene through different color filters, which were subsequently superimposed to create a color image, Prokudin-Gorskii documented everything from the churches and villages that characterized the long-established face of Russia to the railroads, factories, and other signs of the country's rising economic and industrial might. In addition, with the backing of Tsar Nicholas II, Prokudin-Gorskii traveled between 1909 and 1912, and again in 1915, to capture the dizzying diversity of Russia's population in their finest holiday dress and in their everyday lives. The digital archive is fully searchable by keyword, place, and other tags, and is browsable according to divisions into various thematic collections. 

The Responsibility to Protect: What is the Basis for the Emerging Norm of R2P? Branch, Adam

The United Nations advocates the Responsibility to Protect (R2P), a controversial doctrine related to military interventions. Yet many fundamental practical questions remain unanswered and "no-one seems sure of what R2P even is." Practically, there is no clearly defined legal status, set of implementing mechanisms, and monitoring bodies limiting potential for abuses, as well as "no consensus on what actions R2P actually legitimates, nor by whom or when." In fact, the author argues that "it is precisely R2P's indeterminacy that makes it so popular today," as countries have the flexibility to "protect" according to their will and without worrying about their need to be accountable. The author explains how this lack of conceptual clarity is particularly worrying for the African continent, where three-quarters of the crises in which R2P has been invoked or applied. Ultimately, R2P engenders a divide between Western "protectors" and African states, whose legitimacy and sovereignty are...

The Revolutionary War Animated Map 'American Battlefield Trust'

This animated map is just that – an animated map in video form, created by the American Battlefield Trust to teach students of the American Revolution how, where, and why the conflict arose. The 19-minute production includes live reenactments of battles in combination with maps that show exactly which areas were involved in those battles and where their impact was felt most heavily.

The Second World War in Fifteen Maps The Map as History, Images et Savoirs

The Map as History, provided by a team of French historians, is committed to innovate the way of learning about history. The team uses a series of animated maps to bring history to life, often focusing on a single region to illustrate developments over time. They also create timelines to further clarify and contextualize historical progress. To date, they have published over 230 animated maps. The varied series permits users to learn about many regions—from the Americas, to India, to Europe, Africa, and the Middle East. The Fifteen maps on the Second World War provided in English and French  start with Hitler's invasion of Poland in September 1939, which led to the outbreak of the Second World War, and end with the fall of Berlin to the Red Army in May 1945 and the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in early August 1945. The site on the Second World War includes a free preview of two animated maps, the first on “The War Goes Global, June 1941 - end 1942,” the second on “The...

The White Man’s Burden: The United States & The Philippine Islands Kipling, Rudyard

The White Man's Burden is a poem by the British Victorian poet and novelist Rudyard Kipling. While he originally wrote the poem to celebrate Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee in 1897, Kipling revised it in 1899 to exhort the American people to conquer and rule the Philippines. Conquest in the poem is not portrayed as a way for the white race to gain individual or national wealth or power. Instead, the speaker defines white imperialism and colonialism in moral terms, as a “burden” that the white race must take up in order to help the non-white races develop civilization. Because of the poem's influential moral argument for American imperialism, it played a key role in the congressional debates about whether America should annex the Philippine Islands after the Spanish-American War. The phrase "white man's burden" remains notorious as a racist justification for Western conquest.

The Women's Library @ LSE LSE Digital Library

Part of the LSE Digital Library containing a chronological presentation of more than 300 items from the 16th Century to the present day on the personal, political and economic struggles that have symbolised women's battle for equality over the past 500 years with books, archives, pamphlets, magazines, journals, photographs, postcards and objects ordered on a timeline.

Primary Source Collection
They Still Draw Pictures University of California San Diego

Created by the Mandeville Special Collections Library of the University of California–San Diego, this site provides users with digitized images of over 600 pencil, crayon, ink, and watercolor drawings made during the Spanish Civil War by Spanish school children, both in Spain and in refugee centers in France. Originally published as a book under this title in 1939, the drawings are organized according to the place of their creation, and include information, where available, on the child's name and age. The site also includes text from the book, including an introduction from Aldous Huxley.

Primary Source Collection
Timeline of Events of the Holocaust US Holocaust Memorial Museum

The Holocaust was the systematic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of six million Jews by the Nazi regime and its allies and collaborators. The Nazis came to power in Germany in January 1933. They believed that the Germans belonged to a race that was "superior" to all others. They claimed that the Jews belonged to a race that was "inferior" and a threat to the so-called German racial community. This excellent timeline by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum covers the period from before 1933 until after 1945.

Timeline of the Use of George Washington’s Headquarters Tent during the American Revolution 'Museum of the American Revolution'

The Museum of the American Revolution has created this interactive timeline to allow students access to photographs of a variety of fascinating images from the museum’s own collection. Artifacts such as Hessian headgear worn in the conflict, soldiers’ powder horns, cups from Washington’s camp, and of course, dozens of different weapons used in the war illustrate the timeline and help students of the Revolution experience the reality of war in the 18th century.

Timeline of World War II PBS and Florentine Films

PBS and Florentine Films have partnered with the Veterans History Project in a massive effort to capture the stories of men and women who experienced the Second World War first-hand. The website for the PBS documentary series The War, directed by Ken Burns and Lyn Novick, which is the result of this cooperation, provides an informative timeline for the Second World War.

Toronto Public Library: Virtual Reference Library Toronto Public Library

Created by the Toronto Public Library, this digital archive provides users with access to a small collection of historical photos, images, maps, manuscripts, and books related to both World Wars and other conflicts. Materials are browseable by type, subject, and language, and are fully accessible in downloadable form. All finding aids are in English and French, and most materials are in English.

Primary Source Collection