Search Websites by Keywords

The keyword search in the collection of websites allows users to look for websites on the subject of gender, military and war that provide access to Online collections of primary sources, educational resources and Online encyclopedia. The collection primarily includes websites provided by public institutions like archives, bibliographies, foundations, libraries, museums, research institutions or universities. The focus of the collection is on the wars of the twentieth century, especially the First and Second World War, because for them much more websites are available. Most of the included websites are in English, French or German.

Users can search for these websites by using one or a combination of two and more, keyword for their search. They can search for major wars, time periods, regions or countries. In addition, a thematic keyword search is possible, which is based on a selection of broad terms defined by the editors of the Oxford Handbook of Gender, War and the Western World since 1600 edited by Karen Hagemann, Stefan Dudink, and Sonya O. Rose (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2020). They represent some of its central themes and questions. For information on the various keywords and tags associated with the Bibliography, Filmography and Webography, go to About the Search Options.

Search Results

Title Institution Abstract Type of Source
Sobibor Interviews NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies

This website offers users access to thirteen interviews of survivors of the Sobibor death camp, a significant percentage of the fifty total survivors out of more than 170,000 of the camp's victims, 34,000 of whom were from the Netherlands. Created by the Netherlands Institute for War, Genocide, and Holocaust Studies, the emphasis here is on Dutch escapee-survivors and their lives, the degrading conditions in the camp, escape, and lives after the war. An interview with the leader of the uprising gives a detailed account of the preparation and execution of the mass escape. The interviews have introductory texts, as well as videos of the interviews, which are in a variety of languages, but with English subtitles.

Oral Interviews/Testimony
Spanish Civil War Posters Library of Congress

This digital collection provides users with access to 120 posters from the Spanish Civil War (1936–39) in the Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division. Both Nationalist and Republican sides are represented, although the latter posters are more numerous, including those related to trade unions, Catalonian nationalists, and various internationalist groups. The collection is both browseable and searchable by various keywords.

Primary Source Collection
Special Measures for Protection from Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse United Nations Secretary-General

Pursuant to General Assembly resolution 57/306, this report provides data on allegations of sexual exploitation and abuse in the United Nations system for the period from 1 January to 31 December 2015 and information on measures being taken to strengthen the Organization’s response to sexual exploitation and abuse in the areas of prevention, enforcement and remedial action.

Special Rapporteur on Violence against Women, its Causes and Consequences Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights

The Special Rapporteur on Violence against Women, its Causes and Consequences is one of the thematic special procedures overseen by the United Nations Human Rights Council. It addresses the issue of violence against women – whether caused or condoned by the State or by private actors – and its causes and consequences. The Special Rapporteur adopts a “comprehensive and universal” approach to the elimination of violence, including identifying causes of violence that relate to the civil, cultural, economic, political, and social spheres of life, gathers information on violence against women from governments, treaty bodies, specialized agencies, other special rapporteurs, and intergovernmental and nongovernmental organizations, and makes recommendations to eliminate all forms of violence against women at all levels of government.

The Special Rapporteur must apply a gender perspective throughout the work of his or her mandate and also works with all special procedures,...

Special Report: The Role of Women in Global Security Norville, Valerie

This report examines women's roles in peacebuilding, post-conflict reconstruction, and economic development. It draws on discussions at the conference on The Role of Women in Global Security, held in Copenhagen on October 29-30, 2010, and co-hosted by the U.S. Embassy in Denmark and the Royal Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs in partnership with the U.S. Institute of Peace (USIP). Ambassador Laurie S. Fulton, U.S. ambassador to Denmark and former member of USIP's board, brought together participants from the United States, Nordic-Baltic countries, Afghanistan, Liberia, and Uganda to focus on the roles that women can play as leaders in areas of active conflict and post-conflict. Participants from the public and private sector, including the military, civilian, NGO, academic, and corporate worlds, joined to share experiences and best-practice recommendations on how to increase women's participation in their communities to effect positive change: resolving active conflicts, assisting...

Sri Lanka's Conflict Affected Women: Dealing with the Legacy of War International Crisis Group

Eight years after the end of Sri Lanka’s armed conflict, Tamil speaking women in the island’s north and east are still seeking justice and truth for wartime violations. Bold promises by the government to the United Nations Human Rights Council in 2015 – including a truth commission, a special court and offices to investigate missing persons and provide reparations – have failed to materialise even as the urgent economic and psychosocial needs of all conflict-affected groups remain unmet. Anger and a sense of betrayal have generated a new wave of women-led protests and threaten to become sources of renewed grievance that damage already slim hopes of reconciliation among communities, and between the state and its Tamil citizens. If Sri Lanka is to address the past in a way that reconciles its communities and builds lasting peace, the government must prioritise the needs and rights of conflict-affected women – beginning by promptly establishing the offices on missing persons and...

Primary Source Collection
Stalin Digital Archive David Brandenberger

From 1924-1953, Joseph Stalin (1878--1953) ruled the largest country in the world, the Soviet Union, with an iron fist. He attempted to twist and contort the USSR into a modern communist country using authoritarian methods.

The Stalin Digital Archive provides unprecedented access to historically significant content and robust online capabilities for research and teaching. The result of years of collaboration between the Russian State Archive of Social and Political History (RGASPI) and Yale University Press, the Stalin Digital Archive (SDA) provides access to primary source materials from Stalin's personal papers and insightful monographs on communism. In addition, it seeks to advance research and teaching through new ways for scholars and students to interact with this content and collaborate. The SDA collections include:

RGASPI documents from...

Primary Source Collection
Stories of the Holocaust Google Arts & Culture

This website by the United States Holocaust memorial and twelve other international public institutions like the Memorial Ausschwitz-Birkenau, the Anne-Frank House, Amsterdam the Imperial War Museum London, and the Polish History Museum presents 70 stories of the Holocaust, also known as the Shoah, the persecution and murder of 6 million Jewish people and 5 million non-Jewish minorities by the Nazi regime. The website  remembers the suffering and loss - as well as the perseverance, survival and strength - of its victims.

Primary Source Collection
Street Literature about Napoleon's Wars 'National Library of Scotland'

This collection by the National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh provides 78 Scottish chapbooks recounting events from the late 1790s to the Battle of Waterloo in 1815. Cheap print booklets mostly containing ballads about the military conflicts. The material also give insights into contemporary views of Napoleon Bonaparte, Josephine de Beauharnais, Horatio Nelson and the Duke of Wellington and other well known people of the time.

Primary Source Collection
Student Voices from World War II and the McCarthy Era City University of New York's Brooklyn College

In this oral history website Brookyn College students narrate two historical episodes: their experiences of working on farms during World War II, and the events surrounding the suspension of the Vanguard, the student newspaper in a postwar McCarthy era climate. The edited testimony is accompanied by audio excerpts. These case studies add another dimension to our understanding of life on the American homefront during World War II and the domestic Cold War.

Primary Source Collection
Survivor Stories: Coming of Age in the Holocaust Jewish Resistance Heritage Museum

Coming of Age during the Holocaust, Coming of Age Now is an interactive curriculum based around twelve stories of young people who survived the Holocaust and one woman who grew up in the Mandate of Palestine during the same period. The stories are pitched at middle-school students and their educators, but can also be used by families educating their children at home or by other adults working with young people independently or in groups. As part of this curriculum, students read real stories of people their own age who lived through the Holocaust  This site has a historical timeline of the Holocaust, a glossary, and other resources.

teachwar: Algerian Revolution, 1954 teachwar

The private site, “teachwar: Algerian Revolution, 1954” provides some central primary sources from the Algerian Revolution in 1954, which started the war of liberations against colonial France.

Primary Source Collection
Technische Universität Darmstadt: Digitale Bestände Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek – Technische Universität Darmstadt

A project of the Technical University of Darmstadt, the Digital Resources of the library and archives provides users with access to manuscripts and rare books, as well as maps, musical scores, and other materials for the entire modern period. Other sources include local newspapers from Hesse, as well as photographs and other visual sources. The project's portal is available in English, but search and materials are primarily in German.

Primary Source Collection
Témoignages de 1914-1918: Dictionnaire et guide des témoins de la Grande Guerre Collectif de recherche international et de débat sur la guerre de 1914-1918

Created by the French academic association "Collectif de recherche international et de débat sur la guerre de 1914-1918" (Collective for International Research and Debate on the First World War), this site (in English: Testimonies of 1914-1918: Dictionary and Guide for Witnesses of the Great War) provides access to French first-person narratives of World War I that have been collected, indexed, and analyzed. Each testimony is presented with as much context as possible, the full text, and an analysis of the value of the testimony. The site and its materials are primarily in French, although some of the projects, texts and resources are available in English at: CRID 14-18 in English.

Primary Source Collection
Testaments to the Holocaust: Archives Unbound GALE Cengage Learning

Testaments to the Holocaust is a searchable full-text and image collection designed to allow students to examine Nazi crimes. It includes more than 1,000 individual testimonies, 4,000 photographs, and documents such as Nazi propaganda, and is accompanied by essays and scholarly explanations of the documents and events. Access requires a subscription, which may be held by your library.

Primary Source Collection
The 1951 Refugee Convention UN Refugee Agency

The 1951 Refugee Convention and its 1967 Protocol are the key legal documents that form the basis the work of the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR). With 149 State parties to either or both, they define the term ‘refugee’ and outline the rights of refugees, as well as the legal obligations of States to protect them. The core principle is non-refoulement, which asserts that a refugee should not be returned to a country where they face serious threats to their life or freedom. This is now considered a rule of customary international law. UNHCR serves as the ‘guardian’ of the 1951 Convention and its 1967 Protocol. According to the legislation, States are expected to cooperate with us in ensuring that the rights of refugees are respected and protected.

Primary Source Collection
The Algerian War: A Timeline Vincent Hiribarren

Vincent Hiribarren, senior lecturer in modern African history at King’s College London, created this illustrated, interactive timeline for students learning about the Algerian War. The key events of the conflict are labeled within an animated chronology, and many descriptions include an accompanying visual with most descriptions presented in French.

The American Civil War: Maps Ken Burns

This site with fifteen maps on important campaigns and battles of the American Civil War (1861–65) is provided on the website of the award-winning PBS documentary by Ken Burns about the Civil War, which brings this conflict to life through the use of archival photographs, maps, diaries, letters, and other sources. It covers the politics, military campaigns, and the so-called home front before, during, and after America's bloodiest conflict.

The American Revolution: Interactive Timeline with Documents Ashbrook Center

The Ashbrook Center at Ashland University has created this database of an interactive timeline of the American Revolution to aid students in their comprehensive study of the conflict. The timeland and the related documents span a wide geographical distance. The timeline is for the American Revolutionary Wars divided into three time periods: 1775-1778, 1778-1781, and continues until the present.

Primary Source Collection
The American Soldier Center for Human-Computer Interaction

The American Soldier in World War II is a project to make available to scholars and to the public a remarkable collection of written reflections on war and military service by American soldiers who served during the Second World War. In its efforts to mobilize, train, equip, and lead the largest fighting force in the nation's history, the US War Department created an in-house Research Branch staffed and advised by the country's leading social and behavioral scientists. To help create a more efficient and effective fighting force, the Branch surveyed approximately half a million individuals over the course of the war. Tens of thousands of these men and women not only filled out the Branch's surveys, but they were eager to offer additional advice, praise, and criticism, and to share their personal stories of serving in America's "citizen-soldier" Army. What did these soldiers think about the food they were served or about leave, or about the training they received? How did African...

The Army-McCarthy Hearings 'C-SPAN'

Participants speak about the 1954 Army-McCarthy hearings. They comment on various audio excerpts from the hearings and respond to viewer comments and questions. The Army–McCarthy hearings were held by the United States Senate's Subcommittee on Investigations in April–June 1954 to investigate conflicting accusations between the United States Army and U.S. Senator Joseph McCarthy. The Army accused Chief Committee Counsel Roy Cohn of pressuring the Army to give preferential treatment to G. David Schine, a former McCarthy aide and friend of Cohn's. McCarthy counter-charged that this accusation was made in bad faith and in retaliation for his recent aggressive investigations of suspected Communists and security risks in the Army.

Audio Material
The Art of African Exploration Smithsonian Institution Libraries

Created by the Smithsonian Institution, this online exhibit presents primary sources documenting Westerners' earliest travels in Africa, including maps, landscape drawings, sketches of plant life, descriptions of peoples and individuals, printed publications, and other materials. The project aims to document how Europeans filled in the interior spaces of the continent, which had hitherto been empty spaces on their maps. It provides users with an understanding of how European travelers combined the desire for conquest or profit, missionary fervor, a thirst for adventure, and scientific curiosity, proving themselves adventurers, scientists, humanitarians, and opportunists, all advancing the processes of imperialism even as they expanded knowledge. The site presents users with a curated collection of images and texts organized around themes of knowledge, science, exploration, and wildlife, all of which are tagged with identifying information and are viewable in enlarged formats.

Primary Source Collection
The Civil War: Timeline 'Public Broadcasting Services'

Starting in 1787, the Public Broadcasting Service has created this timeline to correspond with Ken Burns’ renowned 1990 documentary on the American Civil War. Each time period is divided into segments so users can refer to the episode of the documentary that explains it. In this way, users can obtain a multi-layered visual experience of the conflict.

The Crisis of Humanitarian Intervention Bello, Walden

This article argues that intervention in Libya and elsewhere has led to an intensification of human rights violations, the erosion of the UN’s authority, and the expansion of the reach of great powers.

The Disasters of War Francis de Goya

Francisco Goya created “The Disasters of War” from 1810-1820. These 82 etchings and aquatints show scenes from the Spanish struggle against the French army under Napolean Bonaparte, who invaded Spain in 1808. When Napolean tried to install his brother Joseph Bonaparte, as King of Spain, the Spanish fought back, eventually aided by the British and the Portuguese. Goya’s prints explore the horrifying consequences of this kind of guerilla warfare, and the famine that followed. The French army is often shown by Goya as disorganized force, leaderless and cruel. However, the most surprizing innovation in his series is the emphasis Goya placed on war’s power to dehumanize everyone involved. the brutality of the two armies was equaled by the fury of the Spanish people. In some of the panels in this series such as, “And they are like wild beasts”, it is shocking to realize that the “beasts” are not the army but Spanish women fiercely fighting to protect themselves and their children from a...

The Europan War Collection University of Princeton Library

In 2016. the European War Collection at Princeton University consisted of 1,755 books and pamphlets relating to the European War. The University Library actively added books and pamphlets, publishing three listings of the collection — two in 1918: European War Collection: Alphabetical Author List and European War Classed List ], and one in 1920: Princeton University Library Classified List VI, pp. 3585-3608. During the 1920s and later, the bound books in the European War Collection were reclassed for the general stacks. However, hundreds of pamphlets (classed WET) were retained as a separate collection. The pamphlets were recatalogued by the Library during the summers of 1990 and 1991 and are now in the main catalogue. As of September 2014, "WWI European Pamphlet Collection"  is now available online.

Primary Source Collection
The First World War in Twenty Maps Images et Savoirs

The Map as History, provided by a team of French historians, is committed to innovate the learning about advanced history. The team uses a series of animated maps to bring history to life, often focusing on a single region to illustrate developments over time. They also create timelines to further clarify and contextualize historical progress. To date, they have published over 230 animated maps. The varied series permits users to learn about many regions—from the Americas, to India, to Europe, Africa, and the Middle East. Schools and universities all over the world use their maps to further learning in and out of the classroom, while students use the maps to better understand complex historical facts. The series of twenty maps and two animated maps on World War I is a helpful tool for any classroom.

The First World War Poetry Digital Archive University of Oxford

Hosted by Oxford University, the First World War Poetry Digital Archive provides users with access to some 7,000 texts, images, audio clips, and videos for use by teachers, students, and researchers. It concentrates on primary sources relating to the era's well-known poets, including Wilfred Owen, Isaac Rosenberg, Robert Graves, Vera Brittain, and Edward Thomas. The site also provides links to materials at the Imperial War Museum and an archive of materials donated by the public. Each browseable collection is devoted to a single poet, containing both texts and documents related to his or her life—correspondence, service records, photographs, etc. Other collections provide materials useful in contextualizing the war.