Search Websites by Keywords

The keyword search in the collection of websites allows users to look for websites on the subject of gender, military and war that provide access to Online collections of primary sources, educational resources and Online encyclopedia. The collection primarily includes websites provided by public institutions like archives, bibliographies, foundations, libraries, museums, research institutions or universities. The focus of the collection is on the wars of the twentieth century, especially the First and Second World War, because for them much more websites are available. Most of the included websites are in English, French or German.

Users can search for these websites by using one or a combination of two and more, keyword for their search. They can search for major wars, time periods, regions or countries. In addition, a thematic keyword search is possible, which is based on a selection of broad terms defined by the editors of the Oxford Handbook of Gender, War and the Western World since 1600 edited by Karen Hagemann, Stefan Dudink, and Sonya O. Rose (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2020). They represent some of its central themes and questions. For information on the various keywords and tags associated with the Bibliography, Filmography and Webography, go to About the Search Options.

Search Results

Title Institution Abstract Type of Source
Iraq War 2003 Web Archive Library of Congress

Created by the Library of Congress, this website offers users and researchers an archive of webpages related to the 2003 US–led invasion of Iraq. Encompassing US and foreign government websites, as well as public policy organizations and advocacy groups' materials, the archive includes captures from March 2003 and June 2003. Additional captures from 2004 through 2009 are not available for search at this time. The collection materials are primarily searchable, although the site features certain pages in easily browseable form. Examples include official sources such as the White House and Departments of State, Defense, and Homeland Security, but also nongovernmental advocates for war, as well as established peace advocates such as the American Friends Service Committee.

Primary Source Collection
Iraqi Jewish Archive The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration

Created by the US National Archives and Records Administration (NARA, College Park, MD), this online archive presents a trove of more than 2,700 books and thousands of documents discovered in 2003 during the US invasion of Iraq. They relate to the existence of a Jewish community dating some 2,500 years, but which was dispersed in the middle of the twentieth century. Users can view an online exhibition, search the documents for personal names and keywords, but also browse the records. All finding aids and site pages in English, while materials themselves are primarily in Hebrew, but with other languages, including English, French, and Arabic represented.

Primary Source Collection
Jewish Survivors of the Holocaust British Library

This collection contains interviews from two oral history projects, the Living Memory of the Jewish Community and the Holocaust Survivors' Centre Interviews. Between 1987 and 2000, the Living Memory of the Jewish Community gathered 186 audio life story interviews with Jewish survivors of the Holocaust and their children. The Holocaust Survivors' Centre Interviews was a National Life Stories collaborative project with the Jewish Care Holocaust Survivors' Centre, a Jewish social centre in north London for survivors who were in Europe during the Second World War or who came to the UK as refugees. The project ran between 1993 and 1998 and gathered a total of 154 audio life story testimonies. These testimonies, powerful personal accounts of the Holocaust from Jewish survivors living in Britain, have been compiled on this website.

Audio Material
Jimmy Carter Presidential Library National Archives and Records Administration

The digital holdings of the Jimmy Carter Presidential Library & Museum include collections of documents from the president's staff, as well as thematic collections of photographs and documents on the Camp David Accords and other major events, as well as sections containing speeches, a diary, photographs, and more. The site includes finding aids for on-site collections, bibliographic materials, and other materials useful to researchers.

Primary Source Collection
Joseph A. Labadie Collection University of Michigan

Created by the University of Michigan Library, the Joseph A. Labadie Collection offers users access to digitized images of twentieth-century political posters from a range of countries. Containing over 2,000 images, the collection contains visual materials on a range of social movements and causes, including anti-colonialism, communism, environmentalism, labor, pacifism, socialism, women, gender, and student movements. Collections are browseable by country and keyword, and the records are also searchable.

Primary Source Collection
Judaica Universitätsbibliothek: Judaica Frankfurt Goethe Universität Frankfurt am Main

Supported in part by the European Commisssion and created by the Goethe University (Frankfurt am Main), the library's digital collection unifies a wide range of historical sources on Jewish cultural heritage held in a range of repositories in the library. The thematic database includes a range of special topics, including materials on the Rothschild family, on the Jewish community of Frankfurt, on Yiddish culture, and other topics. Part of the Judaica Europeana project, this archive comprises a contribution to a partnership with 30 other institutions in the US, Israel, and other parts of Europe, created with the goal of integrated access to all digital content. The search and browse features are accessible in English, while materials themselves are in a range of relevant languages, with German, Yiddish, Hebrew, English, and French being the most common.

Monograph/Academic Study
Krantenbank Zeeland Krantenbank Zeeland

A digital archive of local periodicals and newspapers from the Dutch province of Zeeland, Krantenbank Zeeland provides users access to images of general-readership newspapers, as well as those for special audiences such as soldiers (De soldatencourant (1914–17)). Compiled by the Zeeland Library in collaboration municipal archives and other organizations, the archive is entirely in Dutch.

Primary Source Collection
kulthura: Digitales Kultur- und Wissensportal Thüringen Thüringer Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Jena

A digital archive created by the Thuringian University and State Library in Jena, kulthura offers a searchable archive of cultural resources of the German state. Bringing together books, dissertations, documents, and other materials from archives, libraries, museums, and other sources, the archive provides access to a range of materials to students, teachers, and researchers. The site has some basic English pages and returns some English search results, but the site and materials are primarily in German. It is designed to integrate with other regional projects into a future German Digital Library. One field of prinary sources is the history of war and poiitics in the German lands, including the Thirty Years' War.

Primary Source Collection
L'Ancien d'Algérie Fédération nationale des anciens combattants en Algérie, Maroc et Tunisie

L’Ancien d’Algérie (The Algerian Veteran) is a publication for French veterans of the Algerian War of Independence (1954–1962) published by the FNACA (Fédération Nationale des Anciens Combattants en Algérie, Maroc et Tunisie / National Federation of Veterans in Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia), an antiwar veterans’ association at its founding. This online archive provides users full access to historical issues of the periodical, which dates from 1958 and records a range of issues relating to peace, veterans' rights, and commemoration. The editions are searchable by keyword and date. All site pages and materials are in French.

Primary Source Collection
L'Emeroteca Digitale Biblioteca Nazionale Braidense

The Digital Newspaper Library is an initiative promoted by Braidense National Library, the public library of Milan, which aims to publish in digital format materials related to the history and culture of Italy from the eighteenth century to the twentieth. The Library comprises some 1.5 million pages, which can be downloaded in the open-source DejaVu format, amassed since 1995. The website and materials are searchable, as well as browsable by date, publication, title, author, and other information. All materials and the site are in Italian.

Primary Source Collection
La Biblioteca Digitale dell'Istituto per la Storia e le Memorie del '900 Parri Emilia-Romagna Istituto Storico Parri

A project of the Parri Emilia-Romagna Historical Institute, this digital library provides users with access to materials digitized for preservation related to twentieth-century Italian history. Collections include books, manuscripts, photos, posters, sound and video, and are searchable and browseable. All site pages are in Italian, while materials are primarily Italian with other European languages represented. 

Primary Source Collection
La Mission du Centenaire / The Centenary Partnership Program Joseph Zimet

"The Mission of the Centenary" is a rich and diverse collection of French primary sources concerning the First World War, assembled by a public commission charged with presenting the the anniversary to the public. Created in 2012 by the French government and under the supervision of the Secretary of State for Veterans and Memory, its mission is to facilitate commemorations of the war, which it does in partnership with a broad range of museums and institutions across France. The site is available in French, English, and German, and its exhibits present materials in each language. The largest number and richest collections of primary sources are located in the French–language section of the site. The following seven ministries contributed to the website: Foreign Affairs, Army, Culture and Communication, Interior, Research and Higher Education, Tourism, as well as six public institutions and two national associations.

Primary Source Collection
La Repubblica Archive La Repubblica

Hosted by the Italian newspaper itself, this site offers a searchable full-text archive of the newspaper, a center-left daily with its origins in the post–1968 Italian left, dating back to 1984. Site and materials are in Italian only.

Primary Source Collection
La Repubblica Romana del 1849 Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activities, Rome, Italy

On this Italian website  La Repubblica Romana del 1849 (The Roman Republic of 1849) for the first time, thousands of documents are collected and made available (newspapers, pamphlets, notices and loose leaflets, manuscripts, the fund gathered by the historian Giuseppe Spada) owned by the Library of Modern History and Contemporary in Rome. These are materials that are difficult to find and of fundamental importance for historical studies, published between the election to the papal throne of Pius IX (1792-1878) in 1846 and his definitive return to Rome in 1849. The collection thus covers the period of the European Revolution of 1848/49, which was in Italy also the period of the first War of Italian indpendence from the Habsburg monarchy and the unification of the Italian nation.

Primary Source Collection
Lawyers for Human Rights Lawyers for Human Rights

Lawyers for Human Rights is a non-governmental, non-profit organization that advocates for human and socio-economic rights, particularly in southern Africa. Based in Johannesburg, the organization partners with civil society and government organizations to pursue change. Fully in English, the site offers thematic collections of materials related ongoing campaigns which include problems of statelessness, prisoners' rights, labor organizing and activism, land & housing and refugees & migration. Reports and materials are also text-searchable.

League of Nations Photo Archive Indiana University, Bloomington

Although the League of Nations, founded in 1920 in Geneva ceased to exist in 1946, its archives and historical collections survive as invaluable resources for historical research. This digital archive, created at Indiana University includes the League of Nations Overview of Photo Collections with photos of: Personalities (e.g. Woodrow Wilson, Haile Selassie), Assemblies, Councils, Delegations, Commissions, Conferences, the Secretariat, the Permanent Court of International Justice, the Bureau International du Travail, and miscellaneous photos. The originals of the photos are held with the United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG) Library, League of Nations Archives Sub-Unit and are its property. Also included are several illustrated books about the League. The collections are divided according to subjects, which include people, assemblies, councils, delegations, commissions, conferences, the Secretariat, the International Labor Bureau, and more. Each is both browseable and searchable,...

Primary Source Collection
Leiden University Libraries: Digital Collections Universiteit Leiden

Provided by Leiden University (Netherlands), the University Library's Digital Special Collections archive offers users access to visual and textual sources including maps, photos, books, and manuscripts, as well as an editorial apparatus and digital exhibitions on specific themes. The collections' search feature allows for English language searches, although many of the items in the collection are presented primarily in Dutch.

Monograph/Academic Study
LeMO - Lebendiges Museum Online / Living Museum Online Stiftung Deutsches Historisches Museum

LeMO - Lebendiges Museum Online is the most important German online portal on German history developed by the Stiftung Deutsches Historisches Museum, the  Stiftung Haus der Geschichte der Bundesrepublik Deutschland and the Bundesarchiv. Maps, images and other media including videos, documents, objects, biographies of important individuals, and  eyewitness reports are together with explanatory texts organized along an interactive timeline. LeMO covers the period from the early 19th century to the present in chronological chapters that refflect the most important political periods from the German Federation and the German Empire, the Weimar Republic and the Third Reich to the two post-war Germanies. Its multiple sides and subjects invite users to discover and explore German history.  LeMO learning and the LeMO search include together a total of more than 9085 pages: that include 900 chapter pages, 5,500 object pages, 50 videos, 900 biographies, 600 contemporary witness...

Primary Source Collection
Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Men and Women in the US Military: Updated Estimates Gates, Gary

This research brief uses new data from the American Community Survey and the General Social Survey to provide updated estimates of how many lesbians, gay men, and bisexuals (LGB) are serving in the US military. It also updates estimates of the cost of the US military’s “Don’t Ask/Don’t Tell” (DADT) policy.

Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité: Exploring the French Revolution American Social History Project

Created by the Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media (George Mason University) and the American Social History Project (City University of New York), with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Florence Gould Foundation, the project Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité: Exploring the French Revolution includes both essays introducing the subject, a timeline of events, and a glossary of terms. Associated primary documents include 338 texts and 245 images, as well as maps and songs. First launched in 2001 under the guidance of historians Lynn Hunt (University of California, Los Angeles) and Jack Censer (George Mason University), the site continues to function.

Primary Source Collection