Search Websites by Keywords

The keyword search in the collection of websites allows users to look for websites on the subject of gender, military and war that provide access to Online collections of primary sources, educational resources and Online encyclopedia. The collection primarily includes websites provided by public institutions like archives, bibliographies, foundations, libraries, museums, research institutions or universities. The focus of the collection is on the wars of the twentieth century, especially the First and Second World War, because for them much more websites are available. Most of the included websites are in English, French or German.

Users can search for these websites by using one or a combination of two and more, keyword for their search. They can search for major wars, time periods, regions or countries. In addition, a thematic keyword search is possible, which is based on a selection of broad terms defined by the editors of the Oxford Handbook of Gender, War and the Western World since 1600 edited by Karen Hagemann, Stefan Dudink, and Sonya O. Rose (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2020). They represent some of its central themes and questions. For information on the various keywords and tags associated with the Bibliography, Filmography and Webography, go to About the Search Options.

Search Results

Title Institution Abstract Type of Source
Liljenquist Family Collection of Civil War Photographs Library of Congress

Presented by the the Library of Congress, this digital archive contains the collection of photographs of rank-and-file Civil War soldiers, both Union and Confederate, amassed since the 1990s by the Liljenquist family. Donated to the library, the collection is of interest to the public, students, and teachers, but also to researchers interested in a range of features in the photograph from the common to the unique. Rare images include Navy personnel, African–American soldiers, and portraits with families. In addition to the ambrotypes and tintypes, the collection also includes several manuscripts, patriotic envelopes, photographs on paper, and artifacts related to the Civil War. Entries include meta tagging linking to similar portraits, as well as downloadable enlarged images. Additionally, the collection is fully searchable.

Lives of the First World War Beaumont, Joan

Sponsored by the British Imperial War Museums (IWM), in collaboration with a genealogical website, Findmypast, this website aims to engage the public in researching the personal stories of nearly eight million men and women who ‘‘made a contribution to’’ the First World War. As of December 2016, some 7,667,398 names had been uploaded as base information by the creators of the website. Members of the public are invited to populate these individual histories with information that they have researched by means of family or public records. The spirit of the site is captured in its subtitle, ‘‘Connect, Collaborate, Curate.’’ This project is an ambitious exercise in mobilizing popular historical research. The site provides aspiring contributors with guidance on how to find reliable ‘‘facts’’ and evidence, how to check the copyright status of images, and how to understand the acronyms and ranks of the British military services....

London Lives 1690 to 1800: Crime, Poverty and Social Policy in the Metropolis Robert Shoemaker

London Lives makes available, in a fully digitized and searchable form, a wide range of primary sources about eighteenth-century London, with a particular focus on plebeian Londoners. This resource includes over 240,000 manuscript and printed pages from eight London archives and is supplemented by fifteen datasets created by other projects. It provides access to historical records containing over 3.35 million name instances. Facilities are provided to allow users to link together records relating to the same individual, and to compile biographies of the best documented individuals.

Primary Source Collection
Male-on-Male Sexual Violence in Wartime: Human Rights’ Last Taboo? Del Zotto, Augusta

This paper on male-on-male sexual violence in wartime was presented at the Annual Convention of the International Studies Association (ISA), in New Orleans, LA, 23-27 March 2002 and published online by the authors. It explores the near-total inattention to the male victim of sexual violence. The authors try to explain it with reference to a broad panoply of actors, with distinct but converging interests. They argue that we need to understand on the one hand why the subject has been designated as a ‘taboo’ by political elites, international organizations (notably the United Nations and its offshoot, the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia) and non-governmental organizations as well. And on the other hand, we need to account for the general failure of feminist scholarship and activism to incorporate the issue in its analysis. Only then can some sense of the specific institutional challenges be gleaned, i.e. the key actors and discourses that buttress the wall of...

Manifesto Project Fondazione Gramsci Emilia-Romagna

Financed by a long-term funding grant from the German Science Foundation (DFG) as MARPOR (Manifesto Research on Political Representation), the Manifesto Project provides the scientific community with parties’ policy positions derived from a content analysis of parties’ electoral manifestos. It covers over 1000 parties from 1945 until today in over 50 countries on five continents. On this website you find the Manifesto Project Dataset containing the parties' policy preferences generated by the project. You also find coded and uncoded election manifestos of the parties in the dataset as well as information and links to many applications for the dataset, related projects and publications etc. The larger program studies the programmatic supply of parties, the relation between parties and voters, the role of parties in parliament, and the translation of party programmes into policy output.

Primary Source Collection
Manzanar Free Press Manzanar Free Press

Created by the University of Minnesota Libraries, this archive provides users with access to digitized images of the Manzanar Free Press, a newspaper published by Americans of Japanese descent interned at the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California, which operated between 1942 and 1945. Editions are browseable by chronology and searchable by keyword. Each entry contains searchable metadata related to publication dates. It appears that all editions are in English.

Primary Source Collection
Map of the Battle of Algiers Wikipedia

This map of the Battle of Algiers (1956–57 ) shows the Muslim quarters, the European quarters, and attacks by the the Algerian National Liberation Front (Front de Libération Nationale, FLN), as well as French counterattacks during the Algerian War.


Mapping the Vietnam War Pritzker Military Museum & Library

Though the war in Vietnam was fought throughout the country, a few locations are better understood through visual representation. This interactive map was created by the Pritzker Military Museum and Library to help students explore crucial elements of the Vietnam War, and uses propaganda posters, aerial and ground photos, and primary documents to illustrate events in addition to a map showing the events’ geographical locations.

Marchand Archive Roland Marchand

The Marchand Archive is a collection of more than 15,000 images and a growing number of document-based lesson plans from the collection of Roland Marchand, a scholar and author who cofounded the History Project at the University of California at Davis to improve history education, kindergarten through university. This site brings together the original Adventures in Roland Marchand’s File Cabinet (1999) and the Marchand Image Collection (2001). In 2007, with funding from the National Endowment for the Humanities, the image collection was expanded with contributions from UC Davis History Department faculty. Many of these images, digitized from slides, are not available elsewhere. The expanding collection of lesson plans developed by teacher leaders, graduate students, and staff, encourage students to apply their analytical skills to a set of primary sources from which they can deduce and explain events from the past.

Primary Source Collection
Margaret Thatcher Foundation Margaret Thatcher Foundation

Created by the Margaret Thatcher Foundation, this website is dedicated to the recording the political activities and spreading the ideas of the former British Prime Minister. Documents are browseable and searchable through a multi-term advanced search function. The site also offers users a searchable and browseable archive of more than 7,000 speeches and interviews given by Thatcher dating to the early years of her political career.

Primary Source Collection
Margarita S. Studemeister Digital Collections in International Conflict Management United States Institute of Peace

Created by the United States Institute of Peace, this digital library offers users access to a collection of documents related to peace agreements and truth commissions. Named in honor of Margarita S. Studemeister for her work on a digital library to strengthen worldwide access to resources concerning the prevention, management and resolution of international conflict, the site also includes oral histories with U.S. personnel in conflict areas, research papers and other materials. All are organized both into thematic collections and by country, and are also text-searchable.

Primary Source Collection
Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project Martin Luther King, Jr., Research and Education Institute

Funded by Stanford University with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities, the National Historical Publications and Records Commission, and donors, this project forms part of the university's Martin Luther King Jr. Research and Education Institute. The larger project aims to publish a fourteen-volume edition of selected papers, but the site offers users access to digitized correspondence, sermons, speeches, and more, which are browseable and searchable according to title, date, topic, and other criteria. The site also provides educational materials, lesson plans, and links to other resources related to King.

Primary Source Collection
Mémoires de la Shoah Fondation pour la mémoire de la Shoah

Co-produced by the Institut National de l'audiovisuel (National Audiovisual Institute) and the Fondation de Mémoire de la Shoah (Foundation for the Memory of the Holocaust), Memories of the Holocaust is a collection containing over 100 oral histories with survivors of the Shoah, as the Holocaust is often known in France. The collection contains interviews in French with survivors providing the testimony of everyday French men and women who lived through the Shoah, but also includes interviews with prominent activists, including Serge Klarsfeld and Roman Polanski.

Primary Source Collection The History Website of the Fondation Napoléon Fondation Napoléon

The Fondation Napoléon, a historical foundation located in Paris and since 2000 led by the historian Thierry Lentz, is made up of professionals and specialists in military history, the history of the arts and library and information science. This team created the website that includes a History of the two Empires with timelines, biographies, paintings etc., a section for Young Historians, and Napoleonica Research dedicated above all to primary sources on the era of the Napoleonic Empire (18041815) to the disposal of researchers and historians via the Internet, using the key word search. In addition, visitors to the site will find...

Primary Source Collection
Napoleonic Period Collection: Satirical Prints University of Washington, University Libraries

This collection by the University Libraries of the University of Washington, Seattle, WA, showcases 83 satirical prints, or caricatures, from the Napoleonic period, all giving political commentary on events of the period. Fifty of the prints were created by French artists, and thirty-three by English artists. Nearly all of the French prints date from the last two years of Napoleon's reign, but the English prints represent a broader time period ranging from 1793 to 1815. The prints are primarily original etchings with other printing methods represented. Most of them have been hand-colored. The original collection is in good physical condition, although a few pieces have been trimmed to the edge of the plate impression or even the edge of the image.

Graphic Material
Napoleon’s Rise & Fall: Illustrated Timeline Virginia Museum of Fine Arts

The Virginia Museum of Fine Arts created this in depth, illustrated timeline to document with contemporary art the crucial events constituting the rise and fall of one of the world’s most well known and impactful French military leaders Napoleon Bonaparte (1769–1821). At its height in 1810 the Napoleonic Empire (1803–1815) covered most of Europe.

Graphic Material
National Archives (United Kingdom) National Archives

The official site of the National Archives of the United Kingdom housed at Kew, this site provides users with a range of finding aids and guides to the archive's holdings, as well as a searchable and browseable database of online holdings. These holdings include guides and online databases for numerous relevant categories: including both world wars, various service branches, and more. The site includes a section of materials for teachers and students. 

Primary Source Collection
National Archives: Vietnam War The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration

The National Archives has a wealth of records and information documenting the U.S. experience in the Vietnam conflict. These include photographs, textual and electronic records, audiovisual recordings, exhibits, educational resources, articles, blog posts, lectures, and events. Users can explore records, information, articles and resources organized by four subject area: “Diplomacy,” “In Country,” “The War at Home,” and “Post-Conflict Events.” The sub-site “The Vietnam War: Primary Sources and Teaching Activities” offers a plethora of documents for the classroom in high schools and colleges.

National Army Museum Online Collection National Army Museum

A public organization that includes corporate partnerships, the National Army Museum strives to be a source for both education and the general public. It includes materials and exhibits in Great Britain's military history, with its collections concentrated on the centuries from the English Civil War onward. In addition, it is expansive enough to include Britain's imperial and colonial possessions. In contrast to the Imperial War Museum, the Army Museum's remit is narrower, focusing on specifically military matters. Extensive online exhibitions on a range of chronological and thematic topics, including Florence Nightingale and the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps, offer a small selection of primary sources and brief accompanying essays.

Primary Source Collection
National Library of Israel: Digital Library The National Library of Israel

A site created by the National Library of Israel, this Digital Library provides users with access to a range of online collections, primarily but not exclusively related to the history of the State of Israel and, prior to that, to Palestine. They include extensive records of Jewish press, but also collections of maps, manuscripts, advertisements and other ephemeral materials, and other subjects relating to the twentieth century, as well as earlier periods. The website has a comprehensive English–language version, although materials are presented as digitized images of the originals in a variety of languages, including Yiddish, Hebrew, Polish, French, and many others.

Primary Source Collection
National Library of Serbia: Digital Library Narodna biblioteka Srbije

The online collections of the National Library of Serbia, this site presents a range of books, periodicals, manuscripts, and other sources, accessible through an English language browsing and searching feature. Of greatest, perhaps, is a large digital collection on the First World War, which contains maps, a digital exhibition, and related materials.

Primary Source Collection
National Security Archive George Washington University

Founded in 1985 by journalists and scholars to check rising government secrecy, the National Security Archive combines a unique range of functions: investigative journalism center, research institute on international affairs, library and archive of declassified U.S. documents ("the world's largest nongovernmental collection" according to the Los Angeles Times), leading non-profit user of the U.S. Freedom of Information Act, public interest law firm defending and expanding public access to government information, global advocate of open government, and indexer and publisher of former secrets. The National Security Archive has established an extraordinary track record of highly credible, award-winning investigative journalism and scholarship.

Primary Source Collection
Nazi Germany: Five Maps to Explore Nazi Germany German Historical Institute, Washington, DC.

Developed by the German History in Documents and Images Institution, these maps provide a comprehensive collection of original historical materials documenting German history during the Second World War. The maps comprise of Germany's territorial expansion from 1935-1939, the administrative structure under National Socialism in 1941, Europe at the beginning of December 1941, concentration and extermination camps and major "euthanasia" centers, and Europe in April 1944.

Necrometrics White, Matthew

Written and edited by librarian Matthew White, this site offers an accounting for genocides and other atrocities across a range of times and places, with a particular emphasis on estimated numbers of victims.

Netwerk Oorlogsbronnen Netwerk Oorlogsbronnen

The War Sources Network (NOB) is a project to improve digital access to Dutch collections of materials on World War II by facilitating the collaboration of some 400 institutions with relevant collections. It aims to make the hundreds of thousands of photos and millions of documents digitized more useful and discoverable by providing integrated search and browsing. All materials and site pages are in Dutch.

Primary Source Collection
New York Public Library Digital Collections New York Public Library

Created by the New York Public Library, this site features photographs and images related to a range of subjects, the most relevant of which are the American Civil War (1861-1865) and First World War (1914-1918), as well as a rich collection of Russian Civil War (1918-1922) posters. The images are fully text searchable, but also divided into subject collections, each accompanied by a brief introductory essay, which includes bibliographic references. Collections with numerous entries have internal subdivisions. All site pages and materials are accessible in English, but pages are also available in other world languages.

Primary Source Collection
New Zealand and the First World War New Zealand History

Of the 250,000 of eligible age in 1914, nearly 100,000 New Zealand men served overseas. New Zealand forces were involved in the conflict from the capture of Samoa in 1914 to the end of the fighting on Armistice Day in 1918. WWI had a seismic impact on New Xealand, reshaping the country's perception of itself and its place in the world. This website produced by the History Group of the New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage provide critical information, data and maps of New Zealand's role in the First World War. It provides articles of New Zealand's efforts in Gallipoli & the Balkans, the Western Front, the Middle East, at sea, in the air, and at homefront. It also provides maps of where New Zealand came to take part in the First World War. 

New-York Historical Society Museum & Library: Shelby White & Leon Levy Digital Library New-York Historical Society

This site presents selections from the New-York Historical Society Museum and Library’s holdings, featuring highlights from the collections of paintings, drawings, photographs, manuscripts, broadsides, maps, and other materials that reveal the depth and breadth of over two centuries of collecting. The N-YHS Digital Collections site is expanding as the library and museum continue to digitize their primary source materials relating to the history of New York and the United States. We encourage users to explore the site to conduct research within the growing number of collections that are available through this portal. We also encourage researchers to visit the library to use our rich collections of materials that have not yet been digitized and to visit the museum to view many objects in the permanent galleries or in temporary exhibitions. You can find out more about the library's holdings through its online catalog and finding...