Search Websites by Keywords

The keyword search in the collection of websites allows users to look for websites on the subject of gender, military and war that provide access to Online collections of primary sources, educational resources and Online encyclopedia. The collection primarily includes websites provided by public institutions like archives, bibliographies, foundations, libraries, museums, research institutions or universities. The focus of the collection is on the wars of the twentieth century, especially the First and Second World War, because for them much more websites are available. Most of the included websites are in English, French or German.

Users can search for these websites by using one or a combination of two and more, keyword for their search. They can search for major wars, time periods, regions or countries. In addition, a thematic keyword search is possible, which is based on a selection of broad terms defined by the editors of the Oxford Handbook of Gender, War and the Western World since 1600 edited by Karen Hagemann, Stefan Dudink, and Sonya O. Rose (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2020). They represent some of its central themes and questions. For information on the various keywords and tags associated with the Bibliography, Filmography and Webography, go to About the Search Options.

Search Results

Title Institution Abstract Type of Source
International Center for Transitional Justice: Publications International Center for Transitional Justice

The website of the International Center for Transitional Justice offers access to the international nonprofit organization's publications on efforts to address the effects of human-rights violations or other forms of state-sponsered violence by building civic trust. The reports reflect the range of the center's activities, which involve institutions and civil society groups attempting to further processes of truth, accountability, and redress for past abuses. The materials include a range of reports, fact sheets, newsletters, research papers and other analytical publications, all of which are searchable and browseable. The site and its publications are in English.

Letter Edition
International Committee for the Red Cross: Resource Centre International Committee of the Red Cross

This site provides access to reports on issues arranged thematically and geographically, all prepared by the International Committee of the Red Cross, which concentrates on providing aid to those suffering from, among other crises, armed conflicts. These include archived materials, a digital library, databases, annual reports, and other materials dating back through the twentieth century. The archives are of special potential interest, as they contain links to collections of ICRC materials dating back to the First World War. All site materials are in English and a range of other world languages.

Primary Source Collections
International Crisis Group International Crisis Group

An independent, non-profit, non-governmental organisation committed to preventing and resolving deadly conflict, the International Crisis Group had created this website to provide access to reports, briefings, newsletters, and press accounts of conflicts ongoing. Thematic sections include those on humanitarian and refugee crises, women and gender, peace and reconciliation, and jihadist movements. The materials can be browsed by region and country, as well as a section on global issues, but also accessed via a full-text search function. The site and reports are in English.

Primary Source Collections
International Institute of Social History Archives International Institute of Social History

The International Institute of Social History collections comprise archive, library and audio-visual material with a thematic emphasis on social and emancipatory movements. The Institute holds over 4,000 archives, more than 1,000,000 printed volumes, and an equivalent number of audio-visual items including posters. In particular, the most attractive collections are available at In addition, the site has handy collection guides to a range of topics both thematic (anarchism and anti-apartheid movements) and geographic (Latin America, Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union). Many materials are available in English and the English–language site is extensive.

Primary Source Collections
Internet Archive Internet Archive

A nonprofit created to construct an internet library, preserving materials "born digital" in the new media environment created by the internet, the Internet Archive offers permanent access for researchers, historians, scholars, people with disabilities, and the general public to historical collections. These collections are organized according to subjects, among which are the WWII Archive, National Security Internet Archive (NSIA), and Audio Archive.

Primary Source Collections
Internet Modern History Sourcebook Fordham University

Offering no-frills access to significant primary sources on modern history across geographic regions, the Internet Modern History Sourcebook is an established (since 1997) source for teachers and students in university-level survey courses. It is part of a larger project that includes internet history sourcebooks on other periods, and provides access to sources hosted on its own site, which are arranged in thematic and chronological fashion, but also fully searchable. The sources are a curated selection, rather than an attempt at universal coverage, and are all in English or English translation. Topics covered include periods and events ranging from the Reformation to the present day. Although containing documents of political or intellectual significance, the sourcebook also attempts to represent the diversity of other sources and viewpoints.

Primary Source Collections
Internet Modern History Sourcebook: American Independence Internet Modern History Sourcebook, Fordham University

The Internet History Sourcebooks Project provided by Fordham University and edited by Paul Halsall is a collection of public domain and copy-permitted historical texts presented cleanly (without advertising or excessive layout) for educational use. Primary sources are available here primarily for use in high school and university/college courses. The American Independence collection includes topics such as mid-18th century politics, early New York, French and Indian Wars, Benjamin Franklin, the American Revolution, establishment of the American State, native Americans, and slavery.

Primary Source Collections
Iraqi Jewish Archive The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration

Created by the US National Archives and Records Administration (NARA, College Park, MD), this online archive presents a trove of more than 2,700 books and thousands of documents discovered in 2003 during the US invasion of Iraq. They relate to the existence of a Jewish community dating some 2,500 years, but which was dispersed in the middle of the twentieth century. Users can view an online exhibition, search the documents for personal names and keywords, but also browse the records. All finding aids and site pages in English, while materials themselves are primarily in Hebrew, but with other languages, including English, French, and Arabic represented.

Primary Source Collections
Jimmy Carter Presidential Library & Museum National Archives and Records Administration

The digital holdings of the Jimmy Carter Presidential Library & Museum include collections of documents from the president's staff, as well as thematic collections of photographs and documents on the Camp David Accords and other major events, as well as sections containing speeches, a diary, photographs, and more. The site includes finding aids for on-site collections, bibliographic materials, and other materials useful to researchers.

Primary Source Collections
John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum: Collections The John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum

The digital collections of the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum include: personal papers relating to the Kennedy campaign and presidency, sound recordings, and other files from the White House; the papers of Joseph Kennedy, Robert F. Kennedy, and others; later oral-history interviews conducted with administration officials; and a collection of materials related to Ernest Hemingway. Other collections include thematic (Cuban Missile Crisis), artifacts, photographs, and more.

Primary Source Collections
Joseph A. Labadie Collection University of Michigan

Created by the University of Michigan Library, the Joseph A. Labadie Collection offers users access to digitized images of twentieth-century political posters from a range of countries. Containing over 2,000 images, the collection contains visual materials on a range of social movements and causes, including anti-colonialism, communism, environmentalism, labor, pacifism, socialism, women, gender, and student movements. Collections are browseable by country and keyword, and the records are also searchable.

Primary Source Collections
Judaica Universitätsbibliothek: Judaica Frankfurt Goethe Universität Frankfurt am Main

Supported in part by the European Commisssion and created by the Goethe University (Frankfurt am Main), the library's digital collection unifies a wide range of historical sources on Jewish cultural heritage held in a range of repositories in the library. The thematic database includes a range of special topics, including materials on the Rothschild family, on the Jewish community of Frankfurt, on Yiddish culture, and other topics. Part of the Judaica Europeana project, this archive comprises a contribution to a partnership with 30 other institutions in the US, Israel, and other parts of Europe, created with the goal of integrated access to all digital content. The search and browse features are accessible in English, while materials themselves are in a range of relevant languages, with German, Yiddish, Hebrew, English, and French being the most common.

Monographs/Academic Study
Juristische Zeitschriften 1703-1830 Max-Planck-Institut für europäische Rechtsgeschichte

In dem - von der DFG geförderten - Kooperationsprojekt des Max-Planck-Instituts für europäische Rechtsgeschichte und der Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin - Preußischer Kulturbesitz werden möglichst alle juristischen Zeitschriften des deutschen Sprachgebietes mit Erscheinungsbeginn 1703 bis 1830, wie sie in der Bibliographie von Joachim Kirchner* aufgeführt sind, digitalisiert. Von den insgesamt 248 Titeln liegen 32 bereits in digitaler Form vor, so dass sich das Gesamtvorhaben auf insgesamt 216 Zeitschriften erstrecken wird. Titel oder Bände, die weder in Frankfurt noch in Berlin in digitalisierungstauglicher Form vorhanden sind, werden nach Möglichkeit aus dem Bestand weiterer Bibliotheken ergänzt. Den ⇗ Kooperationspartnern wird für ihre Unterstützung herzlich gedankt!Projektgegenstand ist die Image-Digitalisierung der Zeitschriften sowie die formale Erschließung der Einzelbeiträge durch die Erstellung von Metadaten. Mit dem Projekt werden die Zeitschriften aller deutschsprachigen...

Primary Source Collections
Krantenbank Zeeland Krantenbank Zeeland

A digital archive of local periodicals and newspapers from the Dutch province of Zeeland, Krantenbank Zeeland provides users access to images of general-readership newspapers, as well as those for special audiences such as soldiers (De soldatencourant (1914–17)). Compiled by the Zeeland Library in collaboration municipal archives and other organizations, the archive is entirely in Dutch.

Primary Source Collections
L'Emeroteca Digitale Biblioteca Nazionale Braidense-Milan-Italy

The Digital Newspaper Library is an initiative promoted by Braidense National Library (the public library of Milan), which aims to publish in digital format materials related to the history and culture of Italy from the eighteenth century to the twentieth. The Library comprises some 1.5 million pages, which can be downloaded in the open-source DejaVu format, amassed since 1995. The website and materials are searchable, as well as browsable by date, publication, title, author, and other information. All materials and the site are in Italian.

Primary Source Collections
La Mission du Centenaire La Mission du Centenaire

"The Mission of the Centenary" is a rich and diverse collection of French primary sources concerning the First World War, assembled by a public commission charged with presenting the the anniversary to the public. Created in 2012 by the French government and under the supervision of the Secretary of State for Veterans and Memory, its mission is to facilitate commemorations of the war, which it does in partnership with a broad range of museums and institutions across France. The site is availabe in French, English, and German, and its exhibits do present materials in each language. The largest number and richest collections of primary sources are located in the French–language section of the site.

La Repubblica Archive La Repubblica

Hosted by the Italian newspaper itself, this site offers a searchable full-text archive of the newspaper, a center-left daily with its origins in the post–1968 Italian left, dating back to 1984. Site and materials are in Italian only.

Primary Source Collections
Lawyers for Human Rights: Publications Lawyers for Human Rights

This website offers users access to reports by Lawyers for Human Rights, a non-governmental, non-profit organization that advocates for human and socio-economic rights, particularly in southern Africa. Based in Johannesburg, the organization partners with civil society and government organizations to pursue change. Fully in English, the site offers thematic collections of materials related ongoing campaigns which include problems of statelessness, prisoners' rights, labor organizing and activism, land & housing and refugees & migration. Reports and materials are also text-searchable.

Primary Source Collections
League of Nations Photo Archive Indiana University Bloomington

Hosted by Indiana University (Bloomington) Libraries, this collection offers users access to digital images of visual materials held in the archives of the League, which are located in Geneva. The collections are divided according to subjects, which include people, assemblies, councils, delegations, commissions, conferences, the Secretariat, the International Labor Bureau, and more. Each is both browseable and searchable, and provides basic data on the subject, place, etc. Users can also view large, high-quality versions of each image. 

Primary Source Collections
Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité: Exploring the French Revolution American Social History Project, City University of New York

Created by the Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media (George Mason University) and the American Social History Project (City University of New York), with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Florence Gould Foundation, the project Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité: Exploring the French Revolution includes both essays introducing the subject, a timeline of events, and a glossary of terms. Associated primary documents include 338 texts and 245 images, as well as maps and songs. First launched in 2001 under the guidance of historians Lynn Hunt (University of California, Los Angeles) and Jack Censer George Mason University), the site continues to function.