Search Websites by Keywords

The keyword search in the collection of websites allows users to look for websites on the subject of gender, military and war that provide access to Online collections of primary sources, educational resources and Online encyclopedia. The collection primarily includes websites provided by public institutions like archives, bibliographies, foundations, libraries, museums, research institutions or universities. The focus of the collection is on the wars of the twentieth century, especially the First and Second World War, because for them much more websites are available. Most of the included websites are in English, French or German.

Users can search for these websites by using one or a combination of two and more, keyword for their search. They can search for major wars, time periods, regions or countries. In addition, a thematic keyword search is possible, which is based on a selection of broad terms defined by the editors of the Oxford Handbook of Gender, War and the Western World since 1600 edited by Karen Hagemann, Stefan Dudink, and Sonya O. Rose (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2020). They represent some of its central themes and questions. For information on the various keywords and tags associated with the Bibliography, Filmography and Webography, go to About the Search Options.

Search Results

Title Institution Abstract Type of Source
New-York Historical Society Museum & Library: Shelby White & Leon Levy Digital Library New-York Historical Society

This site presents selections from the New-York Historical Society Museum and Library’s holdings, featuring highlights from the collections of paintings, drawings, photographs, manuscripts, broadsides, maps, and other materials that reveal the depth and breadth of over two centuries of collecting. The N-YHS Digital Collections site is expanding as the library and museum continue to digitize their primary source materials relating to the history of New York and the United States. We encourage users to explore the site to conduct research within the growing number of collections that are available through this portal. We also encourage researchers to visit the library to use our rich collections of materials that have not yet been digitized and to visit the museum to view many objects in the permanent galleries or in temporary exhibitions. You can find out more about the library's holdings through its online catalog and finding...

Journals and Newspapers
Newspaper Pictorials: World War I Rotogravures Library of Congress

A digital collection created by the Library of Congress, this website offers users access to high-resolution images of World War I–era New York newspapers, which used rotogravure, a new printing process with improved quality of the illustrations they could recreate on inexpensive newsprint. The era's newspapers had vivid pictoral sections that, although the newspapers as a whole were long ago microfilmed for preservation, were unable to be reproduced in that medium with sufficient resolution. Containing several hundred images and browsable according to various criteria, these collections have relevance to students or researchers interested in the shifting press coverage in the United States about the war in Europe and, by extension, the changes in popular sentiment.

Primary Source Collection
NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences

NIOD’s archives and collections about war, the Second World War in the Netherlands and the Dutch East Indies, the Holocaust and other genocides in the 20th and 21st century are accessible for all interested parties.

Primary Source Collection
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO): e-Library North Atlantic Treaty Organization

This official site of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization offers users access to a broad range of official policy documents, helpful references, and other materials. Of particular interest to those interested in the Cold War, its digital archive offers users access to the policy documents, committee reports, analysis reports, and related documents organized primarily according to the output of individual committees, albeit through an interface that can be difficult to navigate. Site pages and materials are in English.

Primary Source Collection
Notes from the Field: Postcards of the Spanish Civil War The Mandeville Special Collections Library

Throughout the Spanish Civil War, both sides employed diverse forms of propaganda designed to promote the war effort. In a divided Spain, the spread of propaganda through government and non-government channels reached a fever pitch. Targeted media sought to mobilize not only soldiers, but also factory workers, political adherents, women and children of the so-called "rearguard," and foreigners. In each case the motive was the same: solidarity and perseverance for the sake of victory. As a means of propaganda, postcards present many curiosities. Given their size, they were not meant to appeal to large audiences in the same way as posters or films. However, postcards represent a highly personal form of propaganda, spread by tight-knit networks of individuals often connected emotionally. This website is a collection of various postcards from the war.

Printed Material
Nuremberg Trials Project: A Digital Document Collection Harvard Law School Library

Created by the Harvard Law School Library, this site offers users access to documents of the International Military Tribunal, which tried military and political leaders of Nazi Germany, as well as the twelve trials of war criminals conducted by the United States Nuremberg Military Tribunals. Users can browse or search a range of documents including trial transcripts, briefs, evidence files, and photographs. Designed to preserve the fragile documents, the project is a boon to students, teachers, and researchers. Documents are primarily in English, and German originals have attached English translations.

Primary Source Collection
Old Bailey Online: The Proceedings of the Old Bailey - London's Central Criminal Court, 1674 to 1913 The Open University

A fully searchable edition of the largest body of texts detailing the lives of non-elite people ever published, containing 197,745 criminal trials held at London's central criminal court. The Old Bailey Proceedings Online makes available a fully searchable, digitised collection of all surviving editions of the Old Bailey Proceedings from 1674 to 1913, and of the Ordinary of Newgate's Accounts between 1676 and 1772. It allows access to over 197,000 trials and biographical details of approximately 2,500 men and women executed at Tyburn, free of charge for non-commercial use.

Primary Source Collection
Old Maps Online Klokan Technologies

OldMapsOnline developed out of a love of history and heritage of old maps. The project began as a collaboration between Klokan Technologies GmbH, Switzerland and the Great Britain Historical GIS Project based at the University of Portsmouth. The project improved and maintained by volunteers, and contains over 400,000 maps. This is only thanks to the archives and libraries that were open to the idea and provided their online content. The site's finding aid allows users to choose a place on a modern map and then browse historical maps depicting that region.

Onderwijs: Digitale tentoonstellingen Nationaal Comité

A collaborative project of the Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies, the War Resouces Network, and several other partners, the World War II Platform is a repository of Dutch resources relating to the war. Materials are organized into special collections exploring the experiences of prisoners, homosexuality under occupation, hostages, material culture, invasion, and liberation. Other thematic collections explore the prewar situtation, politics and economy, resistance, Dutch overseas colonial posessions, and other related issues. All site materials are in Dutch.

Primary Source Collection
Oorlogsbronnen (War Sources) Dutch Institute for War Documentation is the starting point for anyone who wants to know more about the Second World War in the Netherlands. The history of the war is hidden in millions of original photographs, objects, letters, administrations, diaries, posters, newspaper reports, film footage, etc. These 'silent witnesses' come from the scattered collections of hundreds of archive institutions, museums, memorial centers and libraries at home and abroad. On the available war heritage of more than 250 organizations is linked together around events, places, persons and themes. thus forms a central online access to original sources, information and knowledge about the Second World War. All site pages are in Dutch, although some of the linked sites have English–language versions.

Primary Source Collection
Our Shared Legacy: World War II and "The Joint" AJJDC

The archives of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, this site contains a photo archive and exhibitions on a range of topics ranging from its origins during World War I through World War II and to the present. The collections are searchable by name and full text, and also allow the search of photograph collections. The collections are extensive, comprising some 2.6 million digitized pages, 67,000 images, and a database of some 500,000 names.

Primary Source Collection
Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Asian History Ludden, David

The Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Asian History is a dynamic, innovative, comprehensive, self-reflexive online research encyclopedia, which provides access to state-of-the-art research and also links readers to the full range of internet resources for research and teaching, including audio, visual, video materials, digitized archives, and other primary sources.Contributors to the ORE are professional historians, independent scholars as well as faculty at institutions around the world. Their essays provide a comprehensive overview of each subject and a brief historiography that will indicate how scholarship has been developing and locate their own contribution within it. The ORE is therefore not only a guide to scholarly work, but an organized, interactive, ongoing effort to advance scholarship in the internet age, when historical understandings of Asia are changing dramatically. By collecting scholarship on all dimensions of Asian History, the ORE seeks to overcome the...

Paprik@2f (Portail Archives Politiques Recherches Indexation Komintern et Fonds français) Agence Nationale de la Recherche

Financed by France's National Agency of Research and created by the Maison des Sciences de l’Homme, the Georges Chevrier Center and the French National Archives, Paprik@2f is a project designed to expand study of Communist movments both in France and internationally during the period from 1917 to 1947. It offers researchers and the public access to archival materials, news on events, publications, archival guides, and digital humanities initiatives on the issue. Materials are drawn both from sources in France as well as archives as far afield as the Comintern archive in Moscow. All pages are in French, as well as German, Spanish, and Portugese, with some English-language access. 

Primary Source Collection
Parallel History Project on Cooperative Security (PHP) Center for Security Studies

The Parallel History Project on Cooperative Security (PHP, the former Parallel History Project on NATO and the Warsaw Pact), provides new scholarly perspectives on contemporary international history by collecting, publishing, and interpreting formerly secret governmental documents.In response to the declassification of NATO records and the growing availability of documents from archives in Eastern and Central Europe, PHP as a cooperative undertaking of more than twenty partner institutes brings together leading Cold War historians, archivists, and government officials. The findings are presented to the specialist academic community at conferences and published both in print and on the PHP website.

Government Documents
Parnassus Scientiarum Andrea Scotti

The project Parnassus Scientiarum is the synthesis of two complementary projects. The first aims at providing a digital catalogue of the Waller Collection of history of Science and Medicine kept at the Uppsala University Library . The second aims at providing a new and more appropriate physical order and, when needed, a restoration of the whole collection.

The first phase of the catalogue, began in January 2000, has been completed in August 2000. In this interlocutory phase the users are provided with a digital catalogue of the Italian manuscripts (nearly complete) and of a certain number of French, Swedish and Danish manuscript and inconographic documents. Altogether the documents available in digital form are about 2000.

Thanks to the application of a relational data-base called Pinakes, the users will be able to consult the catalogue in an interactive way. He or she will be able to input suggestions and corrections right from the beginning of the...

Primary Source Collection
Peace Agreements International Conflict Research Institute

Although they vary enormously in complexity, number of actors, timescale and outcome, peace processes have become the orthodox way in which low intensity, seemingly intractable, ethnic conflicts reached an accommodation in the 1990s. A clear trend towards internally agreed initiatives, rather than externally imposed settlements, is noticeable. Yet, the majority of peace accords fail. Often, peace accords fail to anticipate post-conflict problems, or are regarded as a staging post in the conflict. The accords are worth examining in detail though. This is particularly the case from a comparative perspective. It has become increasingly common for actors in one peace process to borrow from the experiences of others. To this end, the publication and widespread dissemination of recent peace accords has enormous merit. Created by the International Conflict Research Institute at Ulster University, this website offers an archive of peace agreements and related documentation on conflicts,...

Legal Text
Peace and War in the 20th Century McMaster University Library

Created by McMaster University Libraries (Hamilton, ON), this interactive, thematic website Peace and War in the 20th Century presents two parallel curated collections, "Waging Peace" and "Waging War" to audiences, especially students and teachers. Built around case studies, the collections present materials from the university library's archives about various thematic aspects of the topic, ranging from nuclear disarmament and women peace activists, on the one hand, to the home front and women at war, on the other. Each case study concentrates on a specific group, individual, or event during a particular war. With an emphasis on ordinary lives and experiences, the project proposes to shed light on the causes of the world wars and other conflicts; the role of governments and of war resisters in influencing public opinion; ordinary people in extraordinary circumstances, be they soldiers or resisters. Yet the project also attempts to shed light on famous cases, including the...

Primary Source Collection
Peacekeeping Fact Sheet United Nations Peacekeeping

Provides statistics about UN Peacekeeping operations worldwide from the beginning. Data are updated regularly, but the site also provides access to more extensive reports and other documentation. 

Periodici Digitalizzati Polo Biblioteca Universitaria di Pisa

This collection of ten digitized serials was created by Polo Library of the University of Pisa. It provides access to full digital images of the publications, organized chronologically. Users can also perform full-text searches on individual publications or the whole collection. The date ranges of most periodicals relate to the wars for Italian independence of the mid-nineteenth century, although some also continue into the era of World War I and the rise of fascism. All periodicals are in Italian, but the page has an English language feature.  

Primary Source Collection
Physicians for Human Rights (PHR): Library Physicians for Human Rights

This website, created by Physicians for Human Rights (PHR), provides users with access to materials of the international nongovernmental organization, which seeks to investigate and document human-rights abuses, particularly by providing specialist expertise. It also seeks to aid persecuted or threatened health workers, prevent torture, document mass atrocities, and hold accountable those who committ torture and sexual violence, attack on civilians, use force during civil unrest. In English and in Arabic, the site offers thematic collections on many of these areas including advocacy, forensic analysis, and asylum. Activities have been global in scope, including in conflicts in Colombia, Honduras, Libya, Mexico, Peru, and Sierra Leone.

Primary Source Collection
Poland in Photographs, 1939-1944 New York Public Library

Created by the New York Public Library, this digital collection of photographs from Poland during World War II includes collections of images of prewar Poland in 1939, of Polish military and political figures, of the underground and the government in exile in London, and of Jewish children. Images are browseable by theme and fully searchable, with English langauge metadata.

Primary Source Collection
Portugal 1914–1918 Instituto de História Contemporânea da Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas da Universidade Nova de Lisboa

Created by the Institute of Contemporary History of the Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities of Nova University of Lisbon to mark the centenary of the outbreak of war, the Portugal 1914 portal is a public history initiative to both educate and facilitate commemoration. Drawing materials from archives, libraries, universities, museums, schools, and municipalieis, as well as contributions by experts and the general public, the program is designed to provide a broad audience with access to online exhibitions, primary source materials, news on academic conferences, and links to additional resources. All site pages are in Portuguese, although there is an English–langugage version of the main page and some materials have been translated.

Primary Source Collection
Powers of Persuasion: Poster Art from World War II The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration

Hosted by the National Archives and Records Administration, this site is an online version of an extensive exhibit at the National Archives Building in Washington, DC, from May 1994 to February 1995. Its emphasis is on posters used to persuade, and includes related primary source material from official manuals and other sources on the US Government's strategy to mobilize public support for the war effort, including popular songs and sayings from the era of World War II. The comparatively small number of posters are arranged into thematic collections, which are provided with brief explanations. Individual posters can be readily viewed in higher-resolution versions. A few other sources, including audio files of popular songs are also included.

Primary Source Collection