Webography on the Post-Cold War Period

This webography provides a list of online primary sources, educational resources and online encyclopedias associated with some of the major conflicts during the relevant period. The most important wars included for this period are:

The most important wars for this period include:

  • Wars in former Yugoslavia (1991–99)
  • U.S. Wars in the Middle East (1990–)
  • Wars of Globalization
  • UN Peacekeeping / New Humanitarianism

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Institution: Arab Image Foundation
Abstract:

Established in Beirut in 1997, the Arab Image Foundation is a non-profit organization that has acquired and preserved some 600,000 photographs from the Middle East, North Africa and the Arab diaspora. This site offers users access to the results of an ongoing effort to digitize these collections funded by the Violet Jabara Charitable Trust, the Arab Fund for Arts and Culture and the Ford Foundation. The collections can be searched and browsed...

http://arabimagefoundation.com
Institution: University of North Carolina at Greensboro, University Library
Abstract:

Established at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro, the Betty H. Carter Women Veterans Historical Project aims to document women's service in the military and related services—including the Red Cross and other civilian organizations—beginning with World War I. The digital collections include a wide range of primary source material, including photographs, letters, diaries, scrapbooks, oral histories, as well as physical artifacts...

http://libcdm1.uncg.edu/cdm/landingpage/collection/WVHP/
Institution: Center for Systemic Peace
Abstract:

The Center for Systemic Peace (CSP) was founded in 1997. It is engaged in innovative research on the problem of political violence within the structural context of the dynamic global system, that is, global systems analysis. The Center supports scientific research and quantitative analysis in many issue areas related to the fundamental problems of violence in both human relations and societal-systemic development processes. The focus of CSP...

http://www.systemicpeace.org/index.html
Institution: Heidelberg Institute for International Conflict Research
Abstract:

The Conflict Barometer 2014-2019  provided by the Heidelberg Institute for International Conflict Research includes annual reports on global conflict and their analyis, internactive maps and statistics.

https://hiik.de/konfliktbarometer/
Institution: 'Federation of American Scientists'
Abstract:

Under the jurisdiction of the Libary of Congress, the Congressional Research Service conducts research for and provides analysis to Congress on a range of policy issue. Many of these reports are confidential, but the CRS does not publicize even those that are not. This independent site, created by the Federation of American Scientists, provides access to as much of this material as is possible as a public service. The site includes thematic...

https://fas.org/sgp/crs/index.html
Institution: Ball State University
Abstract:

Hosted by Ball State University (Muncie, IN), the Digital Media Repository (DMR) Military History Resources digital archive is dedicated to providing access to materials related to armed conflicts ranging from the French Revolution and US Civil War to the World Wars and Cold War-era conflicts. Resources include oral histories, films, photos, manuscripts, and other materials drawn both from the library in Muncie, Indiana, as well as...

https://bsu.libguides.com/dmr_militaryhistory
Institution: Digital Public Library of America
Abstract:

Funded by Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, as well as the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Digital Public Library of America has developed from ideas that have been percolating since the 1990s. The site launched in 2013, and aims to link collections of museums, libraries, and other repositories across the United States to make them available to teachers, students,...

https://dp.la/
Institution: US Department of Defense
Abstract:

The Department of Defense's premier imagery website, the location to find all kinds of photos from across the entire DOD enterprise.

https://www.defense.gov/observe/
Institution: US Department of Defense
Abstract:

The Department of Defense's premier video collection website, the location to find all kinds of videos from across the entire DOD enterprise.

https://www.defense.gov/Watch/Video/
Institution: Princeton School of Public and International Affairs
Abstract:

The Empirical Studies of Conflict Project (ESOC) supports research on insurgency, civil war, and other politically motivated violence, worldwide. ESOC identifies and compiles a wide range of micro-level data to empower scholarship and to help address pressing security threats. Beyond supporting research, the project is committed to enabling policy responses to challenges related to political violence, ranging from civil war to economic...

http://esoc.princeton.edu/
Institution: United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women
Abstract:

This evaluation report is a complementary report by United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women) to the evaluation of the UN Peacekeeping Activities in the Democratic Republic of the Congo carried out in 2011-12 by the Inspection and Evaluation Division (IED) of the Office of Internal Oversight Services (OIOS). It provides an in-depth analysis of gender mainstreaming results in the Peacekeeping Mission...

http://www.unwomen.org/en/digital-library/publications/2013/10/evaluation-of-gender-mainstreaming-in-monusco
Institution: United Nations. Office of Internal Oversight Services
Abstract:

Since 2003, the United Nations has developed and implemented a three-pronged strategy of prevention, enforcement and remedial action to address sexual exploitation and abuse (SEA) by military, police and civilian personnel of peacekeeping missions. This evaluation assessed the results achieved in the enforcement and remedial assistance prongs of the above-mentioned strategy. Despite an overall downward trend since 2009, SEA allegations...

https://oios.un.org/file/7601/download?token=381aXDyU
Institution: Office of the Historian, Foreign Service Institute, U.S. Department of State
Abstract:

The Foreign Relations of the United States series presents the official documentary historical record of major U.S. foreign policy decisions and significant diplomatic activity. Increasingly, the volumes are available as downloadable ebooks. Foreign Relations volumes are ordered chronologically and thematically, and are full text searchable. They contain documents from presidential libraries, Departments of State and Defense, National...

https://history.state.gov/historicaldocuments
Institution: Strickland, Richard
Abstract:

This paper is the product of a review of literature on issues of gender in the context of conflict and post-conflict reconstruction. It was prepared as background material for an international workshop on gender equity and peace building jointly convened by ICRW and the International Development Research Centre (IDRC). Key findings and research questions are presented in relation to the effective integration of gender concerns into policies...

https://www.icrw.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/Gender-Equity-and-Peacebuilding-From-Rhetoric-to-Reality.pdf
Institution: Yale University
Abstract:

The Genocide Studies Program at Yale University's MacMillan Center concentrates on interdisciplinary, comparative, and policy-oriented research into genocide and provides training to those in regions affected by modern genocides. Its historical research concentrates on the Holocaust, the genocides in Bosnia and Darfur, and on colonial and indigenous genocides. Resources available on the website include audio and video, bibliographies,...

http://gsp.yale.edu/resources
Institution: National Archives and Records Administration
Abstract:

The official site of the George H. W. Bush Presidential Library provides visitors with access to a range of public and declassified records on a range of issues, including national security policy. These include groups of policy documents, directives, and other forms of record, as well as thematic collections on important issues including the Gulf War (1990–91) and relations with the People's Republic of China. 

https://bush41library.tamu.edu
Institution: National Archives and Records Administration
Abstract:

The website of the George W. Bush Presidential Library offers research resources related to his administration (2001–2009), including links to digital collections of materials, thematic collections related to key events such as the terrorist attacks of September 11, finding aids, publically available papers, speeches, and other materials on a full range of issues, including the subsequent US–led invasion of Iraq, as well as a guide to...

https://www.georgewbushlibrary.smu.edu/en/Research.aspx
Institution: OmniAtlas
Abstract:

Omniatlas is a free historical atlas which shows step-by-step historical maps covering major world and regional events. On this site you can discover free maps, articles, and timelines for education, reference, and teacher resources.

OmniAtlas provides interactive timelines with accompanying maps portraying World War I. The timelines and maps show the main events of the conflict on a global scale...

https://omniatlas.com/tags/world-war-i/?page=1
Institution: International Atomic Energy Agency
Abstract:

This site contains an archive of publications by the International Atomic Energy Agency dating back to 1958. These scientific and technical publications include international safety standards, technical guides, conference proceedings and scientific reports, as well as the general interest IAEA Bulletin, factsheets and topical booklets. All materials and site pages are available in English.

https://www.iaea.org/publications/magazines/bulletin
Institution: Library of Congress
Abstract:

Created by the Library of Congress, this website offers users and researchers an archive of webpages related to the 2003 US–led invasion of Iraq. Encompassing US and foreign government websites, as well as public policy organizations and advocacy groups' materials, the archive includes captures from March 2003 and June 2003. Additional captures from 2004 through 2009 are not available for search at this time. The collection materials are...

https://www.loc.gov/collections/iraq-war-2003-web-archive/about-this-collection/
Institution: Gates, Gary
Abstract:

This research brief uses new data from the American Community Survey and the General Social Survey to provide updated estimates of how many lesbians, gay men, and bisexuals (LGB) are serving in the US military. It also updates estimates of the cost of the US military’s “Don’t Ask/Don’t Tell” (DADT) policy.

https://escholarship.org/uc/item/0gn4t6t3
Institution: Jones, Adam
Abstract:

This paper on male-on-male sexual violence in wartime was presented at the Annual Convention of the International Studies Association (ISA), in New Orleans, LA, 23-27 March 2002 and published online by the authors. It explores the near-total inattention to the male victim of sexual violence. The authors try to explain it with reference to a broad panoply of actors, with distinct but converging interests. They argue that we need to understand...

http://adamjones.freeservers.com/malerape.htm
Institution: National Archives
Abstract:

Presented by the United States National Archives, the Digital Vaults site offers the ability to access more than 1,200 photos, documents, films and other sources. Records include iconic pictures and important documents relating to, among other issues, the range of US military conflicts, as well as the roles of women in society. The collection is searchable, divided into various collections, and accessible through a visual interface that...

http://www.digitalvaults.org
Institution: National Army Museum
Abstract:

A public organization that includes corporate partnerships, the National Army Museum strives to be a source for both education and the general public. It includes materials and exhibits in Great Britain's military history, with its collections concentrated on the centuries from the English Civil War onward. In addition, it is expansive enough to include Britain's imperial and colonial possessions. In contrast to the Imperial War Museum, the...

http://www.nam.ac.uk/online-collection/
Institution: The National Library of Israel
Abstract:

A site created by the National Library of Israel, this Digital Library provides users with access to a range of online collections, primarily but not exclusively related to the history of the State of Israel and, prior to that, to Palestine. They include extensive records of Jewish press, but also collections of maps, manuscripts, advertisements and other ephemeral materials, and other subjects relating to the twentieth century, as well as...

http://web.nli.org.il/sites/NLI/English/digitallibrary/
Institution: George Washington University
Abstract:

Founded in 1985 by journalists and scholars to check rising government secrecy, the National Security Archive combines a unique range of functions: investigative journalism center, research institute on international affairs, library and archive of declassified U.S. documents ("the world's largest nongovernmental collection" according to the Los Angeles Times), leading non-profit user of the U.S. Freedom of Information Act, public interest...

http://nsarchive.gwu.edu/
Institution: Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences
Abstract:

NIOD’s archives and collections about war, the Second World War in the Netherlands and the Dutch East Indies, the Holocaust and other genocides in the 20th and 21st century are accessible for all interested parties.

https://www.niod.nl/en
Institution: North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Abstract:

This official site of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization offers users access to a broad range of official policy documents, helpful references, and other materials. Of particular interest to those interested in the Cold War, its digital archive offers users access to the policy documents, committee reports, analysis reports, and related documents organized primarily according to the...

http://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/publications.htm
Institution: United Nations Peacekeeping
Abstract:

Provides statistics about UN Peacekeeping operations worldwide from the beginning. Data are updated regularly, but the site also provides access to more extensive reports and other documentation. 

https://peacekeeping.un.org/en/past-peacekeeping-operations
Institution: Physicians for Human Rights
Abstract:

This website, created by Physicians for Human Rights (PHR), provides users with access to materials of the international nongovernmental organization, which seeks to investigate and document human-rights abuses, particularly by providing specialist expertise. It also seeks to aid persecuted or threatened health workers, prevent torture, document mass atrocities, and hold accountable those who committ torture and sexual violence, attack on...

http://physiciansforhumanrights.org/library/?referrer=http://library.stanford.edu/africa-south-sahara/browse-topic/health
Institution: Princeton University
Abstract:

Composed of materials drawn from the Princeton University Libraries, the Digital Library features thematic collections on a range of historical events and eras, including the civil war in Guatemala, the Chinese Revolution, the American Revolution, and more. Showcasing distinctive holdings of the library, the collections have been fashioned to serve the needs of research and teaching at Princeton. Materials include sheet music, photographs,...

http://pudl.princeton.edu/collections.php
Institution: Vancouver Island University
Abstract:

The Canadian Letters and Images Project, supported by Vancouver Island University, the Canadian War Museum, and the Governor General of Canada, is an online archive featuring Canadians' war correspondence. Ranging from pre-1914 wars, including the American Civil War, it has individual collections on all major twentieth-century wars. Its emphasis is on the everyday and on the rank-and-file, as opposed to military or civilian leaders. Providing...

http://canadianletters.ca/
Institution: United Nations
Abstract:

A UN database providing close to 800 documents that can be understood broadly as peace agreements and related material. Users can access the full texts of the agreements in different languages and can use different search criteria, including searching by a number of different thematic issues.

http://peacemaker.un.org/
Institution: United Nations
Abstract:

UN Women is the global champion for gender equality, working to develop and uphold standards and create an environment in which every woman and girl can exercise her human rights and live up to her full potential. It is trusted partners for advocates and decision-makers from all walks of life, and a leader in the effort to achieve gender equality. The websites  includes a...

https://www.unwomen.org/en/
Institution: United Nations
Abstract:

An official site of the United Nations, this database of materials relates to the organization's core missions to address challenges such as peace and security, climate change, sustainable development, human rights, disarmament, terrorism, humanitarian and health emergencies, gender equality, governance and food production. Materials are keyword and title searchable in the range of UN official languages: English, as well as French, Chinese,...

https://www.un.org/en/sections/general/documents/
Institution: United Nations
Abstract:

This online database provides the most detailed information on the status of over 560 major multilateral instruments deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations, a number that continues to grow. They cover a range of subject matter such as Human Rights, Disarmament, Commodities, Refugees, the Environment and the Law of the Sea. This database reflects the status of these instruments, as Member States sign, ratify, accede or...

https://treaties.un.org/Pages/Home.aspx?clang=_en
Institution: American Folklife Center
Abstract:

Created by the Library of Congress and the American Folklife Center, the Veterans History Project is an initiative to collect, store, and offer access to individual American veterans' accounts of their wartime experiences. Users can search interviews by name, service location, unit, rank, interviewer, keywords and notes. Searches can be limited according to branch, gender, type of material, and war, ranging from World War I to the Iraq and...

http://www.loc.gov/vets/vets-home.html
Institution: National Archives and Records Administration
Abstract:

The website of the Clinton Presidential Library in Little Rock, AR, offers a clearinghouse of resources related to his administration (1993–2001), including links to finding aids, digital collections from the national archives, publically available papers, speeches, and other materials on a full range of issues, as well as a guide to requesting declassification of information through the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) process. Relevant...

https://www.clintonlibrary.gov/research/
Institution: US Holocaust Museum
Abstract:

The World Memory Project is changing lives by building the world’s largest online resource for information about victims of the Holocaust and Nazi regime. Millions of documents containing details about victims of the Holocaust and Nazi persecution during World War II still exist today. Through the World Memory Project, you can help make these victims' records searchable online and restore the identities of people the Nazis tried to erase from...

https://www.ushmm.org/online/world-memory-project/