Webography on National Wars in the 19th Century

This webography provides a list of online primary sources, educational resources and online encyclopedias associated with some of the major conflicts during the relevant period. The most important wars included for this period are:

The most important wars included for this period are:

  • Mexican American War (1846–48)
  • European Civil Wars (1848–49)
  • Wars of Italian Independence (1848–49, 1859, 1866)
  • Crimean War (1853–56)
  • American Civil War (1861–65)
  • German Wars of Unifications (1864, 1866, 1870–71)
  • Russo-Japanese War (1904–05)

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Institution: National Archives and Records Administration
Abstract:

Created by the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), this website provides students, teachers and the general public with access to foundational documents of American history. Periods include major wars from the American Revolution to the Cold War and Beyond. Documents are arranged chronologically in a browseable form, and can be read as a digitized image of the original and as transcribed text.

https://www.ourdocuments.gov/content.php?page=milestone
Institution: Timothy B. Lee
Abstract:

These thirty-seven maps with explaining comments, provided by two senior correspondents working for the online newspaper Vox explain the Civil War — why it started, how the Union won, and what the aftermath of this conflict was.

https://www.vox.com/2015/4/14/8396477/maps-explain-civil-war
Institution: The Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library Foundation
Abstract:

The Lincoln Presidential Library is a research library which houses books, papers and artifacts related to Lincoln's life and the American Civil War. In addition to the works associated with Lincoln and his era, the library houses the collection of the Illinois State Historical Library (founded by the state in 1889) and serves as a premier repository of books, pamphlets, manuscripts, and other materials of historical interest pertaining to...

https://presidentlincoln.illinois.gov/
Institution: Österreichische Nationalbibliothek
Abstract:

ALEX is the digital reading room of the Austrian National Library for Laws. Here, historical Austrian legal and legal texts can be browsed, read and searched online. Our goal is to create easy access to the historical Austrian legal gazettes, regardless of time and place. The historical Austrian legal gazettes not only document the state norm emissions of past times, but are also an excellent source for questions about history, politics,...

http://alex.onb.ac.at/
Institution: Austrian National Library
Abstract:

ANNO is the digital newspaper and magazine reading room of the Austrian National Library. Here you can leaf through, search for and read online in historical Austrian newspapers and magazines.

http://anno.onb.ac.at/
Institution: Bayerische Staatsbiblothek
Abstract:

The Digital Collections of the State Library of Bavaria encompass manuscripts, reference works, and periodicals, with an emphasis on local and regional Bavarian  history, national German history as well as collections on Eastern Europe and musicology. Other collections, organized by type, include photographs and rare printed materials. A few remarkable and rare items are listed separately. Holdings are searchable by author, title, and keyword...

https://www.bsb-muenchen.de/en/collections/
Institution: Vancouver Island University
Abstract:

The Canadian Letters and Images Project, supported by Vancouver Island University, the Canadian War Museum, and the Governor General of Canada, is an online archive featuring Canadians' war correspondence. Ranging from pre-1914 wars, including the American Civil War, it has individual collections on all major twentieth-century wars. Its emphasis is on the everyday and on the rank-and-file, as opposed to military or civilian leaders. Providing...

http://canadianletters.ca/
Institution: National Park Service
Abstract:

The National Park Service presents users with an exhaustive timeline of key events and battles of the American Civil War. Each battle includes a link to a longer description of the history and outcome and often includes artwork illustrating the event.

https://www.nps.gov/gett/learn/historyculture/civil-war-timeline.htm
Institution: Library of Congress
Abstract:

This website provided by the Digital Collections, Library of Congress, brings together materials from three premier collections: The Library of Congress Geography and Map Division, the Virginia Historical Society, and the Library of Virginia. Among the reconnaissance, sketch, and theater-of-war maps are the detailed battle maps made by Major Jedediah Hotchkiss for Generals Lee and Jackson, General Sherman's Southern military campaigns, and...

https://www.loc.gov/collections/civil-war-maps/about-this-collection/
Institution: University of South Florida, College of Education
Abstract:

This collection of 137 historical maps of the American Civil War (1861–65) provided by the College of Education of the University of South Florida, includes regional seats of the war, battle and campaign maps, and territories held by Confederate and Union forces.

https://etc.usf.edu/maps/galleries/us/civilwar/index.php
Institution: Det Kongelige Bibliotek
Abstract:

The Digital Collections created by the Royal Danish Library provides users with access to Danish works of all kinds, including books, periodicals, maps, music, and other primary sources. Other materials include manuscripts and photographs on a range of subjects. Holdings are presented in thematic collections and are also searchable. Although predominately in Danish, the site allows searches for English key words and for English–language...

https://www.kb.dk/en/find-materials
Institution: Ralph Anton
Abstract:

A collection of picture postcards and photographs on several topics, including wars, colonies, municipalities, including explanations of notable events and people. The entire site is in German.

https://deutsche-schutzgebiete.de/wordpress/willkommen/
Institution: Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften
Abstract:

The German Text Archive is a resource offering a variety of German–language texts designed to cover a range of issues and disciplines covering the period from approximately 1600 to 1900. Selected by scholars, entries are checked to ensure the accuracy of digitization and are annotated and accompanied by an appropriate bibliography. Supported by the German Research Foundation (DFG) and the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and...

http://www.deutschestextarchiv.de
Institution: Digitales Forum Mittel und Osteuropa
Abstract:

The Digital Forum Mittel- und Ost Europa pursues the goal of digitizing historical printed works, including newspapers and magazines, of multiethnic cultural landscapes of Eastern Europe, especially those with a large proportion of a German or German-speaking population. Numerous public and private partner institutions in Europe, Israel and the USA cooperated in the implementation

http://www.difmoe.eu/
Institution: Universitätsbibliothek der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
Abstract:

Offered by the Humboldt University of Berlin, this site grants users access to a collection of the university library's digitized books, leaflets, prints etc. Materials include a range of subject headings including scholarly libraries, materials on universities, prints and images, and more. The collection totals more than 2,000 titles in all. Finding aids are in German or English, while materials are primarily in German. Interessant for the...

http://digi-alt.ub.hu-berlin.de
Institution: Leo Baeck Institute
Abstract:

Created by the Leo Baeck institute of New York and Berlin, DigiBaeck is a site providing users access to digital collections about German–speaking Jews in the modern world. Total digitized holdings exceed 3.5 million pages, and include archival materials, memoirs, manuscripts, books and periodicals. They also include art, photos, and sound recordings. The site provides basic and advanced search functions, as well as browsing by the type of...

https://www.lbi.org/digibaeck/
Institution: Ball State University
Abstract:

Hosted by Ball State University (Muncie, IN), the Digital Media Repository (DMR) Military History Resources digital archive is dedicated to providing access to materials related to armed conflicts ranging from the French Revolution and US Civil War to the World Wars and Cold War–era conflicts. Resources include oral histories, films, photos, manuscripts, and other materials drawn both from the library in Muncie, Indiana, as well as...

http://www.bsu.edu/libraries/archives/DMR_MilitaryHistory/
Institution: Digital Public Library of America
Abstract:

Funded by Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, as well as the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Digital Public Library of America has developed from ideas that have been percolating since the 1990s. The site launched in 2013, and aims to link collections of museums, libraries, and other repositories across the United States to make them available to teachers, students,...

https://dp.la/
Institution: Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin
Abstract:

A project of the State Library of Berlin, the Digitized Collections provide access to thematic collections of imaged materials on a range of issues including the military and the First World War, as well as politics, economics, theology, art, and more. The World War I collection includes field unit and hospital newspapers and other materials from the front. All site materials and search functions are in German only.

http://digital.staatsbibliothek-berlin.de
Institution: Richard Hacken
Abstract:

Hosted by the Harold B. Lee Library of Brigham Young University, EuroDocs represents a clearinghouse of links to sources hosted at other sites and by other institutions. Links connect to European primary historical documents that are transcribed, reproduced in facsimile, or translated. In addition, links direct users to videos, sound files, maps, photographs, databases, and other sources, which encompass a broad sweep of historical...

http://eudocs.lib.byu.edu/index.php/
Institution: Brown University Center for Digital Scholarship
Abstract:

Created by the Brown University Library and its Center for Digital Scholarship, the Garibaldi Panorama and the Risorgimento Resource Explorer provides a digital archive for study and teaching of the life and exploits of a key actor in the processes of Italian unification, Giuseppe Garibaldi (1807–1882). In addition to the digitized panorama viewable on the site, users can access some 4,000 archival entries, including newspaper stories,...

http://library.brown.edu/cds/garibaldi/index.php
Institution: University of Richmond Digital Scholarship Lab
Abstract:

Created at the University of Richmond (VA) Digital Scholarship Lab, this multifaceted project offers users a range of tools for accessing information and visualizing data related to the American Civil War. Highlights include tools that map waves of wartime emancipation of the enslaved, wartime elections, and a digital archive of the Richmond Dispatch, a source rich in primary sources about military life and the homefront.  

http://dsl.richmond.edu/civilwar/
Institution: Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
Abstract:

Since 2016, the German Research Foundation (DFG) has been funding a specialist information service (FID) for the subject of history, which is managed by the Bavarian State Library and the German Museum in Munich - the latter responsible for the history of technology, natural sciences and the environment. In close dialogue with historians, "historicum.net - Fachinformationsdienst Geschichtswwissenschaft" is building a digital range of...

https://www.historicum.net
Institution: OmniAtlas, free interactive historical atlas
Abstract:

OmniAtlas provides interactive timelines with accompanying maps portraying the American Civil War. The timelines and maps show the main events of the conflict with a short description of each event.

https://omniatlas.com/maps/north-america/18601220/
Institution: OmniAtlas
Abstract:

Omniatlas is a free historical atlas which shows step-by-step historical maps covering major world and regional events. On this site you can discover free maps, articles, and timelines for education, reference, and teacher resources.

OmniAtlas provides interactive timelines with accompanying maps portraying World War I. The timelines and maps show the main events of the conflict on a global scale...

https://omniatlas.com/tags/world-war-i/?page=1
Institution: Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activities, Rome, Italy
Abstract:

On this Italian website  La Repubblica Romana del 1849 (The Roman Republic of 1849) for the first time, thousands of documents are collected and made available (newspapers, pamphlets, notices and loose leaflets, manuscripts, the fund gathered by the historian Giuseppe Spada) owned by the Library of Modern History and Contemporary in Rome. These are materials that are difficult to find and of fundamental importance for historical...

http://www.repubblicaromana-1849.it/
Institution: Stiftung Deutsches Historisches Museum
Abstract:

LeMO - Lebendiges Museum Online is the most important German online portal on German history developed by the Stiftung Deutsches Historisches Museum, the  Stiftung Haus der Geschichte der Bundesrepublik Deutschland and the Bundesarchiv. Maps, images and other media including videos, documents, objects, biographies of important individuals, and  eyewitness reports are together with explanatory texts organized along an interactive...

https://www.dhm.de/lemo/kapitel.html
Institution: Library of Congress
Abstract:

Presented by the the Library of Congress, this digital archive contains the collection of photographs of rank-and-file Civil War soldiers, both Union and Confederate, amassed since the 1990s by the Liljenquist family. Donated to the library, the collection is of interest to the public, students, and teachers, but also to researchers interested in a range of features in the photograph from the common to the unique. Rare images include Navy...

http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/lilj/
Institution: Roland Marchand
Abstract:

The Marchand Archive is a collection of more than 15,000 images and a growing number of document-based lesson plans from the collection of Roland Marchand, a scholar and author who cofounded the History Project at the University of California at Davis to improve history education, kindergarten through university. This site brings together the original Adventures in Roland Marchand’s File Cabinet (1999) and the Marchand Image Collection (2001...

https://marchand.dss.ucdavis.edu/
Institution: National Archives
Abstract:

Presented by the United States National Archives, the Digital Vaults site offers the ability to access more than 1,200 photos, documents, films and other sources. Records include iconic pictures and important documents relating to, among other issues, the range of US military conflicts, as well as the roles of women in society. The collection is searchable, divided into various collections, and accessible through a visual interface that...

http://www.digitalvaults.org
Institution: National Army Museum
Abstract:

A public organization that includes corporate partnerships, the National Army Museum strives to be a source for both education and the general public. It includes materials and exhibits in Great Britain's military history, with its collections concentrated on the centuries from the English Civil War onward. In addition, it is expansive enough to include Britain's imperial and colonial possessions. In contrast to the Imperial War Museum, the...

http://www.nam.ac.uk/online-collection/
Institution: New York Public Library
Abstract:

Created by the New York Public Library, this site features photographs and images related to a range of subjects, the most relevant of which are the American Civil War (1861-1865) and First World War (1914-1918), as well as a rich collection of Russian Civil War (1918-1922) posters. The images are fully text searchable, but also divided into subject collections, each accompanied by a brief introductory essay, which includes bibliographic...

http://digitalcollections.nypl.org/collections?utf8=%E2%9C%93&collection_keywords=war#/?scroll=5
Institution: New-York Historical Society
Abstract:

This site presents selections from the New-York Historical Society Museum and Library’s holdings, featuring highlights from the collections of paintings, drawings, photographs, manuscripts, broadsides, maps, and other materials that reveal the depth and breadth of over two centuries of collecting. The N-YHS Digital Collections site is expanding as the library and museum continue to digitize their primary source materials relating to the...

http://www.nyhistory.org/
Institution: Marco Beretta
Abstract:

The project Parnassus Scientiarum is the synthesis of two complementary projects. The first aims at providing a digital catalogue of the Waller Collection of history of Science and Medicine kept at the Uppsala University Library . The second aims at providing a new and more appropriate physical order and, when needed, a restoration of the whole collection.

The first phase of the catalogue, began in January 2000, has been...

http://moro.imss.fi.it/waller/
Institution: Polo Biblioteca di Pisa
Abstract:

This collection of ten digitized serials was created by Polo Library of the University of Pisa. It provides access to full digital images of the publications, organized chronologically. Users can also perform full-text searches on individual publications or the whole collection. The date ranges of most periodicals relate to the wars for Italian independence of the mid-nineteenth century, although some also continue into the era of World War I...

http://opac.pisa.sbn.it/opaclib/opaclib?db=opacnew&searchForm=opac/pisa/error.jsp&resultForward=opac/pisa/brief_dig.jsp&do=search_show_cmd&rpnlabel=Digitalized%20Serials&rpnquery=%40attrset+bib-1+%40and+%40attr+1%3D1021+%22S%22+%40attr+1%3D4001%221%22&nen
Institution: Brown University Library for Digital Scholarship
Abstract:

This project, created by the Brown University Library Center for Digital Scholarship, offers users access to thousands of prints, drawings, and watercolors from the Anne S. K. Brown Military Collection. Concentrating on the period from the 17th century to World War II, it has a particular emphasis on illustrations of military uniforms and dress, as well as portraits, photographs, posters, and other materials. All are accessible both via a...

http://library.brown.edu/cds/askb/
Institution: Emory University
Abstract:

A comprehensive website on the Trans-Atlantic and Intra-American Slave Trade between 1514 and 1866. Databases on slave voyages and names of African captives are completed with image galleries, interactive maps and timelines of the slave trade. The digital memorial raises questions about the largest slave trades in history and offers access to the documentation available to answer them. European colonizers turned to Africa for enslaved...

https://www.slavevoyages.org
Institution: Smithsonian Institution
Abstract:

The online collections of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, these collections include, among their millions of records related to natural history and other subjects, more than 100,000 entries on history. Materials are text searchable, as well as browseable by type. The collections include photographs, drawings, art, and other images, as well as documents. Not all materials are available online. In addition, a number of thematic...

http://collections.si.edu/search/
Institution: Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek – Technische Universität Darmstadt
Abstract:

A project of the Technical University of Darmstadt, the Digital Resources of the library and archives provides users with access to manuscripts and rare books, as well as maps, musical scores, and other materials for the entire modern period. Other sources include local newspapers from Hesse, as well as photographs and other visual sources. The project's portal is available in English, but search and materials are primarily in German.

http://www.ulb.tu-darmstadt.de/spezialabteilungen/digitale_sammlungen_2/digitale_sammlungen.de.jsp
Institution: Public Broadcasting Service
Abstract:

This site with fifteen maps on important campaigns and battles of the American Civil War (1861–65) is provided on the website of the award-winning PBS documentary by Ken Burns about the Civil War, which brings this conflict to life through the use of archival photographs, maps, diaries, letters, and other sources. It covers the politics, military campaigns, and the so-called home front before, during, and after America's bloodiest conflict....

https://www.pbs.org/kenburns/civil-war/war/maps/#/detail/the-confederate-states-of-america
Institution: Ken Burns
Abstract:

Starting in 1787, the Public Broadcasting Service has created this timeline to correspond with Ken Burns’ renowned 1990 documentary on the American Civil War. Each time period is divided into segments so users can refer to the episode of the documentary that explains it. In this way, users can obtain a multi-layered visual experience of the conflict.

https://www.pbs.org/kenburns/civil-war/war/timeline/
Institution: Library of Congress
Abstract:

Created by the Library of Congress, "The Empire That Was Russia" presents a collection of unusually early color photographs of the Russian Empire's final years, taken by Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii (1863–1944). Using a unique process that took multiple exposures of a scene through different color filters, which were subsequently superimposed to create a color image, Prokudin-Gorskii documented everything from the churches and...

http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/empire/index.html
Institution: Library of Congress
Abstract:

Presented by the Library of Congress, this digital collection contains the photographs of the Crimean War (1853–56) taken by Roger Fenton (1819–69). They documented the conditions faced by the troops of the allied coalition (Britain, France, Turkey, and others), the participants themselves, and the landscape, although Fenton took no photographs of actual combat or its aftermath. Sent with royal support and to augment the unprecedented press...

http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/ftncnw/
Institution: Tulane University
Abstract:

Assembled by the Howard–Tilton Memorial Library, the Tulane University Digital Library is a source of digitized and digital holdings for teachers, researchers, and the public. Strengths of the collections include music, especially jazz, as well as Latin America, the local history of New Orleans and Louisiana. Drawn from a range of collections and centers at Tulane University, the library provides a search feature, as well as thematic...

http://digitallibrary.tulane.edu/
Institution: The British Library
Abstract:

Provided by the British Library, the digital exhibition on Victorian Britain provides both primary sources and essays by historians, both concentrating on everyday life in the time and place. The reign of Victoria (1837–1901) was one of enormous economic, technological, social, cultural, and other changes, many of which are featured in this exhibitions. Many individual sections and a number of documents touch on the role of women in these...

http://www.bl.uk/victorian-britain
Institution: City University of New York
Abstract:

The historical record of the American Civil War includes a vast amount of visual material—photographs, illustrated news periodicals, comic publications, individually-published prints, almanacs, political cartoons, illustrated envelopes, trade cards, greeting cards, sheet music covers, money, and more. The era’s visual media heralded an unprecedented change in the production and availability of pictorial media in everyday life and an...

http://civilwar.picturinghistory.gc.cuny.edu/
Institution: University of Richmond
Abstract:

Visualizing Emancipation is a map of slavery’s end during the American Civil War. It finds patterns in the collapse of southern slavery, mapping the interactions between federal policies, armies in the field, and the actions of enslaved men and women on countless farms and city blocks. It encourages scholars, students, and the public to examine the wartime end of slavery in place, allowing a rigorously geographic perspective on emancipation...

http://dsl.richmond.edu/emancipation/
Institution: Library of Congress
Abstract:

A project of the US Library of Congress, the World Digital Library provides free access to manuscripts, rare books, maps, photographs, and other important cultural documents from all countries and cultures, in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Portuguese, Russian and Spanish. Search 14,228 items about 193 countries between 8000 BCE and 2000 CE. It is carried out with the support of the United Nations Educational, Cultural and Scientific...

https://www.wdl.org/en/