Chapter 4: Abstract

War, Culture and Gender in Colonial and Revolutionary North America

(Serena Zabin, Carleton College, Department of History)


The warfare of colonial and revolutionary North America, from European-native conflicts and the
Seven Years War (1756–63) to the American Revolutionary War (1775–83) and the War of 1812, has
only recently come to be considered in gendered terms. The roles of both women and men in North
American warfare underwent enormous changes from the last quarter of the sixteenth century to
the first quarter of the nineteenth. Two major themes are in the centre of this chapter: On the one
hand the theme of the contested and changing constructions of military masculinity of Native
Americans, British and French white settlers and the British and French armies that were brought to
North America in the context especially of the Seven Years War; on the other hand the theme of
women's different and changing involvement in warfare, which is related to the contested and
changing representations of femininity in the different war societies.


Captives; Indigenous People; Gender; Women; War; Native American Warfare; Colonial Wars; Seven Years War; American Revolutionary Wars; War of 1812; North America.

In Part I “From the Thirty Years War and Colonial Conquest to the Wars of Revolution and Independence” of the Oxford Handbook of Gender and War  since 1600.

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