Captives of the Ottoman-Russian War: 1768-1774

TitleCaptives of the Ottoman-Russian War: 1768-1774
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsTurhan, Fatma Sel
JournalInternational Journal of Turcologia
Volume13
Issue25
Pagination5 - 36
Date Published2018///Spring
Abstract

This article focuses on the captives taken by the Ottomans during the Ottoman-Russian War of 1768-1774 and examines the conditions under which they were released according to the Küçük Kaynarca Treaty. In this context, the issue of the prisoners of that war is discussed with all its legal and practical implications. This article studies in detail the methods of distribution and release of captives, their transfer to other regions and the plans and methods that were used during their evacuation. The most troublesome issue for the authorities was the separation of Russian, Polish and Kazakh prisoners from the Wallachians, Moldovians, Peloponnesians, Georgians and natives from the Aegean Islands, since the Porte promised that a payment of 100 guruş would be given to the captors of the first group but not the second. The duties and responsibilities of the Ottoman officials who would handle the transfer of captives and of the Russian consulates who would take them over are also examined. A survey of the captives shows that that they were a huge group, spread all over the vast Ottoman territories. The captives varied from infants to elderly people and the group included women and children as well as men. Owners of captives were also diversified in terms of occupation and ethno-religious identity. Difficulties during the transfer process of captives and the complaints of the Russian authorities on the issue are other topics discussed. Captive children, either with their parents or not, who are frequently mentioned in documents are studied separately. Cases of Ottoman captives taken by Russians are also researched.

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Short TitleInternational Journal of Turcologia