Der Bürger als Soldat: Die Militarisierung europäischer Gesellschaften im langen 19. Jahrhundert; Ein internationaler Vergleich

TitleDer Bürger als Soldat: Die Militarisierung europäischer Gesellschaften im langen 19. Jahrhundert; Ein internationaler Vergleich
Publication TypeBook
Year of Publication2004
Series EditorJansen, Christian
Number of Pages314
PublisherKlartext
City, CountryEssen
Abstract

Against the assumption that the liberalization and democratization of modern societies lead to the civilization of human beings and the confinement of civil strife as well as of war, the contributions of this volume are based on the assumption that from the outset bourgeois ideology was characterized by military values. This is due to the fact that the liberal and democratic movement entered into an electoral relationship with modern, antagonistic nationalism. In this, as well as in the bourgeois concept of masculinity, an aestheticization of the military, and a new body cult, a specifically bourgeois bellicosity grew virulent and the idea of a heroic death for the fatherland became popular. In the course of the nineteenth century, there arose voluntary paramilitary training in shooting and gymnastics as well as students' connections to the bourgeois standard. From the bourgeois societies, therefore, as much as the theory of progress and modernization theories assumed, there was just as much military violence as of older social information. The twelve contributions to this volume deal with aspects of this militarization of Western societies in the long-nineteenth century from the time of the French Revolution to the First World War. After an introductory look at the German development, they deal with the very different militarization processes with the example of Great Britain (with views to Ireland and Scotland), France, Austria-Hungary, the United States and Switzerland—mostly from an international comparative perspective. In addition, this book contains "Peace and War," a literary report titled "War Experience as an Adventure" and two reviews.

Short TitleDer Bürger als Soldat
Translated TitleThe Citizen as Soldier: The Militarization of European Societies in the Long 19th Century; An International Comparison
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249642544

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