Gender and New Wars

TitleGender and New Wars
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsChinkin, Christine, and Mary Kaldor
JournalJournal of International Affairs
Volume67
Issue1
Pagination167-187
Date Published10/2013
Abstract

War plays an important role in the construction of gender, or the social roles of men and women. This article analyzes the gendered experience of what Kaldor calls "new wars." It argues that new wars are largely fought by men in the name of a political identity that usually has a significant gender dimension. They use tactics that involve deliberate attacks on civilians, including systematic rape as a weapon of war, and are financed by predatory economic activities that tend to affect women more than men. The article concludes that the construction of masculinity in new wars, in contrast to the heroic warrior of "old wars," is much more contradictory and insecure. n the one hand, extreme gender differences can only be secured through continued violence; on the other hand, the very contradictory and insecure character of masculinity offers a potential for alternatives. By looking at new wars through a gender lens, it is possible to identify policy options that might be more likely to contribute to a sustained peace.

URLhttps://search.proquest.com/docview/1469702447?pq-origsite=summon
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