Ordered Rape A Principal–Agent Analysis of Wartime Sexual Violence in the DR Congo

TitleOrdered Rape A Principal–Agent Analysis of Wartime Sexual Violence in the DR Congo
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsSchneider, Gerald, Lilli Banholzer, and Laura Albarracin
JournalViolence Against Women
Volume21
Issue11
Pagination1341-1363
Date Published11/2015
Abstract

Policy makers and academics often contend that organizational anarchy permits soldiers to perpetrate sexual violence. A recent United Nations report supports this thesis especially with regard to the massive sexual abuse in the Congolese civil war. We challenge the anarchy argument and maintain, based on a principal–agent framework, that opportunistic military commanders can order their soldiers to rape through the use of sanctions and rewards. Our qualitative and quantitative analysis of a survey of 96 Congolese ex-soldiers shows that ordered rape is more likely in organizations where soldiers fear punishment and in which commanders distribute drugs as stimulants.

URLhttp://vaw.sagepub.com/content/21/11/1341
Short TitleViolence Against Women
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5890148078

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