Sexual Violence Against Men in Armed Conflict

TitleSexual Violence Against Men in Armed Conflict
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsSivakumaran, Sandesh
JournalEuropean Journal of International Law
Volume18
Issue2
Pagination253-276
Date Published2007
Abstract

Reports of sexual violence by men against men emerge from numerous conflicts, ranging in time from Ancient Persia and the Crusades to the conflicts in Iraq and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Despite these accounts, relatively little material exists on the subject and the issue tends to be relegated to a footnote. This article ascertains the extent to which male sexual violence is committed in armed conflict. It considers factors that explain under-reporting by victims and lack of detection on the part of others. The particular forms of male sexual violence are also examined: namely rape, enforced sterilization and other forms of sexual violence, including enforced nudity, enforced masturbation and genital violence. The dynamics present in these offences are explored, with issues of power and dominance, expressed through emasculation, considered. Thus, attention is paid to ideas of feminization, homosexualization and the prevention of procreation. The symbolic construction of male and female bodies in armed conflict is also explored.

URLhttp://ejil.oxfordjournals.org/content/18/2/253.short
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