Reconciliation, reform and resilience: positive peace for Lebanon

TitleReconciliation, reform and resilience: positive peace for Lebanon
Publication TypeBook
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsPicard, Elizabeth, and Alexander Ramsbotham
Number of Pages107
PublisherConciliation Resources

Lebanon's model of post-war power sharing and liberal economic growth has been widely praised. But it has failed to deliver for most Lebanese. Repeated outbreaks of political violence since the 1989 Taif Peace Agreement, and today fear of spillover from insecurity in Syria, show that a fundamentally different approach is needed to transform negative and precarious stability in Lebanon into positive and resilient peace. This peace deficit for the Lebanese is threefold: social, governmental and regional-international. Lebanon's conflict system feeds on complex interaction between levels (official and unofficial) and environments (internal and external). Peacebuilding responses to promote reconciliation, reform and sovereign resilience demand equal attention and need to be addressed strategically and simultaneously, to identify leverage points within the system to affect positive change. [WorldCat.]

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Section 1. Introduction.
Introduction: positive peace for Lebanon.
Whose Lebanon?: a post-war history of peacebuilding.
Section 2. Reconciling society. Dealing with Lebanon's past.
Civil mobilisation and peace in Lebanon.
Ex-militia fighters in post-war Lebanon.
Building bridges through interfaith dialogue.
Women, participation and peace in Lebanon.
Non-violent resistance and reform in Lebanon.
Section 3. Reforming the state. The Taif Agreement.
Consensus democracy and representation in Lebanon.
Displacement, return and reconciliation in Mount Lebanon.
The special tribunal for Lebanon.
Reconstruction and peace in Lebanon.
Section 4. Realising sovereignty. Internal choice or external fate?
Lebanese armed groups and sovereignty.
Negative external intervention and peace in Lebanon.
Militant Islam and jihad in Lebanon.
Palestinians in Lebanon.
Lebanon and Syria.
Lebanon and Israel.
Boundaries and demarcation.
International peacebuilding in Lebanon: the role of the EU.
Section 5. Conclusion.
Conclusion: Building peace and resilience for Lebanon.

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