Civilian jihad: nonviolent struggle, democratization, and governance in the Middle East

TitleCivilian jihad: nonviolent struggle, democratization, and governance in the Middle East
Publication TypeBook
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsStephan, Maria J.
Number of Pages344
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
CityNew York, U.S.A.
Abstract

The Middle East, a region infamous for political violence and a democratic deficit, boasts a rich but little-known history of nonviolent civilian-led struggles for rights and freedoms. Ordinary Egyptians, Palestinians, Turks, Israelis, Iranians, Kuwaitis and other Middle Easterners have, over the past century, used "weapons" including boycotts, strikes, demonstrations, sit-ins, and other methods of civil disobedience and noncooperation to courageously challenge entrenched power and to advance democratic self-rule. This book challenges the oft-heard claim that nonviolent resistance "can't work" in the Middle East by chronicling some of the most significant nonviolent campaigns against colonialism, foreign occupation, authoritarianism, and structural injustice in the region. Other chapters examine the role of strategy, political humor, religion, Islamist movements, and external actors in advancing and impeding democratization and good governance. This volume, which includes scholarly and activist perspectives, will be of particular interest to academics, policymakers, journalists, and local civic leaders interested in the Middle East, nonviolent action, social movements, democratization, and war and peace studies - as well as educated general readers interested in understanding present convulsions in the Middle East. [WorldCat.]

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Contents:

Theory and Dynamics of Nonviolent Action, by Hardy Merriman.
Questions and Controversies about Nonviolent Struggle in the Middle East, by Ralph E. Crow and Philip Grant.
No Silence, No Violence: A Post-Islamist Trajectory, by Asef Bayat.
Humor and Resistance in the Arab World and Greater Middle East, by Khalid Kishtainy.
Islamist and Nonviolent Action, by Shadi Hamid.
Free at Last! Free at Last! Allahu Akbar, We Are Free at Last! Parallels between Modern Arab and Islamic Activism and the U.S. Civil Rights Movement, by Rami G. Khouri.
External Actors and Nonviolent Struggles in the Middle East, by Stephen Zunes and Saad Eddin Ibrahim.
The Muslim Pashtun Movement of the North-West Frontier of India, 1930-1934, by Mohammad Raqib.
Noncooperation in the Golan Heights: A Case of Nonviolent Resistance, by R. Scott Kennedy,
Palestinian Popular Resistance against Israeli Military Occupation, by Mary E. King.
The Nonviolent Struggle for Self-Determination in the Western Sahara, by Salka Barca and Stephen Zunes.
Lebanon's Independence Intifada: How Unarmed Insurrection Expelled Syrian Forces, by Rudy Jaafar and Maria J. Stephan.
Challenging Domestic Tyranny and Promoting Democratic Reform.
Iran's Islamic Revolution and Nonviolent Struggle, by Mohsen Sazegara and Maria Stephan.
Kefaya: The Egyptian Movement for Change, by Sherif Mansour.
Kuwaiti 2005 "Orange Movement", by Faisal Alfahad and Hamad Albloshi.
Movements for Social and Political Rights.
Hizbullah: Delimiting the Boundaries of Nonviolent Resistance?, by Rola el-Husseini.
Realistic Nonviolence: Arba Imahot, The Four Mothers Movement in Israel, by Tamar Hermann.
Popular Resistance against Corruption in Turkey and Egypt, by Shaazka Beyerle and Arwa Hassan.
The Iranian Women's Movement: Repression versus Nonviolent Resolve, by Fariba Davoudi Mohajer and Roya Tolouee, Shaazkaa Beyerle.
Conclusion: Civil Resistance, Wave of the Future in the Middle East?

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