-German Wars of Unification (1864, 1866, 1870–71)

Conze, Werner, Michael Geyer, and Reinhard Stumpf. "Militarismus." In Geschichtliche Grundbegriffe: Historisches Lexikon zur politisch-sozialen Sprache in Deutschland, edited by Otto Brunner, Werner Conze and Reinhart Koselleck, 1-48. Vol. 4. Stuttgart: Klett, 1978.
Chickering, Roger. "War, Society, and Culture, 1850-1914: The Rise of Militarism." In The Cambridge History of War, edited by Roger Chickering, Dennis E. Showalter and Hans van de Ven, 119-141. Vol. 4: War and the Modern World. Cambridge History of War 4: War and the Modern World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012.
Forth, Christopher E., and Bertrand Taithe. French Masculinities: History, Culture, and Politics. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.
Hagemann, Karen. "German Heroes: The Cult of the Death for the Fatherland in Nineteenth-Century Germany." In Masculinities in Politics and War: Gendering Modern History, edited by Stefan Dudink, Karen Hagemann and John Tosh, 116-134. Manchester; New York: Manchester University Press ; Palgrave, 2004.
Hämmerle, Christa. "Back to the Monarchy’s Glorifed Past? Military Discourses on Male Citizenship and Universal Conscription in the Austrian Empire, 1868–1914." In Representing Masculinity: Male Citizenship in Modern Western Culture, edited by Stefan Dudink, Karen Hagemann and Anna Clark, 151-168. Basingstoke, UK ; New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.
Hippler, Thomas. "The French Army, 1789-1914: Volunteers, Pressed Soldiers, and Conscripts." In Fighting for a Living: A Comparative History of Military Labour, 1500-2000, edited by Erik Jan Zurcher, 419-446. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2014.

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