Search Websites by Keywords

The keyword search in the collection of websites allows users to look for websites on the subject of gender, military and war that provide access to Online collections of primary sources, educational resources and Online encyclopedia. The collection primarily includes websites provided by public institutions like archives, bibliographies, foundations, libraries, museums, research institutions or universities. The focus of the collection is on the wars of the twentieth century, especially the First and Second World War, because for them much more websites are available. Most of the included websites are in English, French or German.

Users can search for these websites by using one or a combination of two and more, keyword for their search. They can search for major wars, time periods, regions or countries. In addition, a thematic keyword search is possible, which is based on a selection of broad terms defined by the editors of the Oxford Handbook of Gender, War and the Western World since 1600 edited by Karen Hagemann, Stefan Dudink, and Sonya O. Rose (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2020). They represent some of its central themes and questions. For information on the various keywords and tags associated with the Bibliography, Filmography and Webography, go to About the Search Options.

Search Results

Title Institution Abstract Type of Source
Peace and War in the 20th Century McMaster University Library

Created by McMaster University Libraries (Hamilton, ON), this interactive, thematic website Peace and War in the 20th Century presents two parallel curated collections, "Waging Peace" and "Waging War" to audiences, especially students and teachers. Built around case studies, the collections present materials from the university library's archives about various thematic aspects of the topic, ranging from nuclear disarmament and women peace activists, on the one hand, to the home front and women at war, on the other. Each case study concentrates on a specific group, individual, or event during a particular war. With an emphasis on ordinary lives and experiences, the project proposes to shed light on the causes of the world wars and other conflicts; the role of governments and of war resisters in influencing public opinion; ordinary people in extraordinary circumstances, be they soldiers or resisters. Yet the project also attempts to shed light on famous cases, including the...

Primary Source Collection
Peacekeeping Fact Sheet United Nations Peacekeeping

Provides statistics about UN Peacekeeping operations worldwide from the beginning. Data are updated regularly, but the site also provides access to more extensive reports and other documentation. 

Reports
Periodici Digitalizzati Polo Biblioteca di Pisa

This collection of ten digitized serials was created by Polo Library of the University of Pisa. It provides access to full digital images of the publications, organized chronologically. Users can also perform full-text searches on individual publications or the whole collection. The date ranges of most periodicals relate to the wars for Italian independence of the mid-nineteenth century, although some also continue into the era of World War I and the rise of fascism. All periodicals are in Italian, but the page has an English language feature.  

Primary Source Collection
Physicians for Human Rights (PHR): Library Physicians for Human Rights

This website, created by Physicians for Human Rights (PHR), provides users with access to materials of the international nongovernmental organization, which seeks to investigate and document human-rights abuses, particularly by providing specialist expertise. It also seeks to aid persecuted or threatened health workers, prevent torture, document mass atrocities, and hold accountable those who committ torture and sexual violence, attack on civilians, use force during civil unrest. In English and in Arabic, the site offers thematic collections on many of these areas including advocacy, forensic analysis, and asylum. Activities have been global in scope, including in conflicts in Colombia, Honduras, Libya, Mexico, Peru, and Sierra Leone.

Primary Source Collection
Poland in Photographs, 1939-1944 New York Public Library

Created by the New York Public Library, this digital collection of photographs from Poland during World War II includes collections of images of prewar Poland in 1939, of Polish military and political figures, of the underground and the government in exile in London, and of Jewish children. Images are browseable by theme and fully searchable, with English langauge metadata.

Primary Source Collection
Portugal 1914–1918 Instituto de História Contemporânea

Created by the Institute of Contemporary History of the Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities of Nova University of Lisbon to mark the centenary of the outbreak of war, the Portugal 1914 portal is a public history initiative to both educate and facilitate commemoration. Drawing materials from archives, libraries, universities, museums, schools, and municipalieis, as well as contributions by experts and the general public, the program is designed to provide a broad audience with access to online exhibitions, primary source materials, news on academic conferences, and links to additional resources. All site pages are in Portuguese, although there is an English–langugage version of the main page and some materials have been translated.

Primary Source Collection
Powers of Persuasion: Poster Art from World War II The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration

Hosted by the National Archives and Records Administration, this site is an online version of an extensive exhibit at the National Archives Building in Washington, DC, from May 1994 to February 1995. Its emphasis is on posters used to persuade, and includes related primary source material from official manuals and other sources on the US Government's strategy to mobilize public support for the war effort, including popular songs and sayings from the era of World War II. The comparatively small number of posters are arranged into thematic collections, which are provided with brief explanations. Individual posters can be readily viewed in higher-resolution versions. A few other sources, including audio files of popular songs are also included.

Primary Source Collection
Primary Sources: Wars & Conflicts Christopher Newport University, Trible Library

This site by the Library of the Christopher Newport University provides access to primary and secondary sources on conflicts and wars, ranging from the crusades to modern times terrorism.

Primary Source Collection
Princeton University Digital Library Princeton University

Composed of materials drawn from the Princeton University Libraries, the Digital Library features thematic collections on a range of historical events and eras, including the civil war in Guatemala, the Chinese Revolution, the American Revolution, and more. Showcasing distinctive holdings of the library, the collections have been fashioned to serve the needs of research and teaching at Princeton. Materials include sheet music, photographs, drawings, newspapers, books, manuscripts, and other materials. In addition to the thematic collections, a multi-term search function facilitates users' access to individual holdings.

Primary Source Collection
Prints, Drawings & Watercolors from the Anne S.K. Brown Military Collection Brown University Library for Digital Scholarship

This project, created by the Brown University Library Center for Digital Scholarship, offers users access to thousands of prints, drawings, and watercolors from the Anne S. K. Brown Military Collection. Concentrating on the period from the 17th century to World War II, it has a particular emphasis on illustrations of military uniforms and dress, as well as portraits, photographs, posters, and other materials. All are accessible both via a thematic browsing capacity, basic search, and a multi-term advanced search function. The collection is based on its founder's collection, which was donated to the library, which began to be accumulated in the mid-twentieth century. It includes, in addition to the thousands of books, albums, and sketches, some 6,000 miniature lead soldiers. It includes materials collected after World War II from Germany, Russia, Britain, Belgium, France, the Netherlands, and Switzerland. In addition to Europe, some materials relate to the British Empire, especially...

Primary Source Collection
Prisoners of the First World War: The ICRC Archives International Committee of the Red Cross

This site has been created by the International Committee of the Red Cross to provide access to its archive of information about prisoners of war and civilian detainees during the First World War. Belligerent powers registered such detainees with the ICRC, meaning that the archive contains the name of some 5 million of the estimated 10 million such individuals. In addition to the database searchable by name, the site includes collections of postcards from camps, first-hand accounts, and documents related to detention. Postcard collections include France, Italy, Germany, North Africa, and the United Kingdom/British Empire. The site also has a French–language version.

Primary Source Collection
Records of the Parliaments of Scotland Scottish Parliament Project

The Records of the Parliaments of Scotland to 1707 (RPS) is a fully searchable database containing the proceedings of the Scottish parliament from the first surviving act of 1235 to the union of 1707. The culmination of over ten years’ work by researchers from the Scottish Parliament Project based in the School of History at the University of St Andrews, the online edition seeks to make this key historical source freely available to all in a technologically advanced and user-friendly format.

Primary Source Collection
Regesta Imperii Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur

The REGESTA IMPERII (RI) chronologically record all activities evidenced by documents or anything else of the Roman-German kings and emperors from the Carolingians up to Maximilian I (ca. 751-1519) as well as of the popes of the early Middle Ages and High Middle Ages in the form of German “Regesten” (abstracts).The starting point of the undertaking is strongly connected with the name of the Frankfurt municipal librarian Johann Friedrich Böhmer (1795-1863), who began the collecting and publishing the deeds of the German Kings and Emperors in 1829. Originally intended to function as a preliminary work of the “Monumenta Germaniae Historica”, the REGESTA IMPERII developed into an independent basic work after Böhmer, which has long proven to be indispensable in the field of medieval studies. This is mostly due to an extended regesta concept, which included an exact reproduction of the regesta’s form and content as well as of the historiographic messages in short form.

Primary Source Collection
Revelations from the Russian Archives Library of Congress

An online version of an exhibition held in 1992, soon after the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the sudden opening of its previously secret archives, this site offers images of both that historical moment, and of documents then unearthed about the more distant past. Culled from the archives and organized into collections on subjects ranging from terror to repression, the small selection of documents is presented both as digitizations of the original documents and in English translations. A second collection of documents relates to relations between the Soviet Union and the United States from the 1920s to the 1960s.

Primary Source Collection
Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan (RAWA) Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan

The Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan (RAWA) was established in Kabul in 1977 as an independent political/social organization of Afghan women fighting for human rights and for social justice in Afghanistan. The founders were a number of Afghan woman intellectuals under the leadership of Meena Keshwar Kamalwho, who in 1987 was assassinated in Quetta, Pakistan by Afghan agents of the then KGB in connivance with fundamentalist band of Gulbuddin Hekmatyar. RAWA’s objective was to involve an increasing number of Afghan women in social and political activities aimed at acquiring women’s human rights and contributing to the struggle for the establishment of a government based on democratic and secular values in Afghanistan. Despite the suffocating political atmosphere, RAWA very soon became involved in widespread activities in different socio-political arenas including education, health and income generation as well as political agitation. [RAWA]

Primary Source Collection
Richard Nixon Presidential Library National Archives and Records Administration

Richard Nixon’s Presidency (1969-1974) is one of the most exhaustively documented administrations in American history. The Nixon Presidential Materials Collection in the Richard Nixon Presidential Library contains approximately 46 million pages of documents, 3,700 hours of recorded Presidential conversations known as the “White House Tapes”, 4,000 separate recordings of broadcast video, nearly 4,500 audio recordings, 300,000 still photographs, two million feet of film, and more than 35,000 State and Public Gifts.

Primary Source Collection
Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court International Criminal Court

The Rome Statute is the founding treaty of the International Criminal Court (ICC). It identifies for the purposes of exercising jurisdiction the most serious violations of international human rights and humanitairan law. These violations are grouped within the the categories of genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and the crime of aggression.

Legal Text
Royal Air Force Museum Royal Air Force Museum

The Royal Airforce Museum of the United Kingdom offers visitors to its website a range of online collections on themes related to the Battle of Britain, the wartime service of women, the Polish Air Force in Britain, and the experiences of flyers of African descent in the Caribbean. Other exhibits consider longer term themes, including the service of women in the RAF.

Primary Source Collection
Russisch-deutsches Projekt zur Digitalisierung deutscher Dokumente in den Archiven der Russischen Föderation Kudriashov, Sergei

A project supported by, among others, the Max Weber Foundation, the German Historical Institute–Moscow, the Russian Federal Archive Agency, and the Ministry of Defense and its Central Archive, this project grew beginning in 2011 from an initiative by the Russian Presidential Administration to make public documents from Nazi Germany captured at the end of World War II by the Soviet Union. The site provides researchers access to selections from much larger archival collections on the First World War, the Second World War, and the German secret services (1912–45). The site main page is available only in Russian and German, with only a few pages offering English versions. All documents are presented as images of the original, without translation.

Primary Source Collection
Rutgers Oral History Archives of World War II School of Arts and Sciences, Rutgers the State University of New Jersey

Presented by the Rutgers University Libraries (New Jersey), the Rutgers Oral History Archives provides users access to more than 1,200 oral-history interviews and annotated transcripts. The transcripts, some 30,000 pages worth, are text-searchable, as well as browseable by conflict, military branch and unit, and other categories. 

Primary Source Collection
Seventeen Moments in Soviet History: An Online Archive of Primary Sources Macalester College

Designed with students and teachers in mind, Seventeen Moments in Soviet History has enjoyed the support of Michigan State University and Macalaster College, as well as the National Endowment for the Humanities. It provides users with a digital sourcebook on the whole period ranging from the February Revolution of 1917 to the dissolution of the Soviet Union at the end of 1991. Divided into sections based on a year and then into thematic subsections, the site offers students or teachers a brief introductory essay on the theme written by an established historian, as well as digital primary sources sorted by type: texts, all of which are translated into English, as well as images, sound, and film. The site also contains a glossary of key terms and people names.

Autobiography

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