Search Websites by Keywords

The keyword search in the collection of websites allows users to look for websites on the subject of gender, military and war that provide access to Online collections of primary sources, educational resources and Online encyclopedia. The collection primarily includes websites provided by public institutions like archives, bibliographies, foundations, libraries, museums, research institutions or universities. The focus of the collection is on the wars of the twentieth century, especially the First and Second World War, because for them much more websites are available. Most of the included websites are in English, French or German.

Users can search for these websites by using one or a combination of two and more, keyword for their search. They can search for major wars, time periods, regions or countries. In addition, a thematic keyword search is possible, which is based on a selection of broad terms defined by the editors of the Oxford Handbook of Gender, War and the Western World since 1600 edited by Karen Hagemann, Stefan Dudink, and Sonya O. Rose (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2020). They represent some of its central themes and questions. For information on the various keywords and tags associated with the Bibliography, Filmography and Webography, go to About the Search Options.

Search Results

Title Institution Abstract Type of Source
The First World War Poetry Digital Archive University of Oxford

Hosted by Oxford University, the First World War Poetry Digital Archive provides users with access to some 7,000 texts, images, audio clips, and videos for use by teachers, students, and researchers. It concentrates on primary sources relating to the era's well-known poets, including Wilfred Owen, Isaac Rosenberg, Robert Graves, Vera Brittain, and Edward Thomas. The site also provides links to materials at the Imperial War Museum and an archive of materials donated by the public. Each browseable collection is devoted to a single poet, containing both texts and documents related to his or her life—correspondence, service records, photographs, etc. Other collections provide materials useful in contextualizing the war.

Primary Source Collection
The Holocaust and Records of Concentration Camp Trials: Prosecution of Nazi War Crimes United States. Army. Office of the Judge Advocate General

Offering users access to more than 25,000 pages of documents dating from the years between 1944 and 1949, this collection concentrates on the investigation and prosecution of the war crimes of Nazi commanders and personnel in concentration camps. Among the materials are correspondence, legal documents, trial transcripts, interrogation reports, exhibit materials, clemency processes, photographs, newspaper clippings, and more. The materials cover a range of concentration and death camps from Mauthausen and Dachau to Treblinka and Sobibor, as well as several sub-camps. Including English-language documents, an introductory essay, and full searchability, the archives are accessible by a subsciption, which may be held by your research library.

Primary Source Collection
The Men's Bibliography Michael Flood

XY is a website focused on men, masculinities, and gender politics. XY is a space for the exploration of issues of gender and sexuality, the daily issues of men’s and women’s lives, and practical discussion of personal and social change. XY is:

  • A forum for debate and discussion, including commentary on contemporary and emerging issues in gender and sexual politics;
  • A resource library or clearinghouse for key reports, manuals, and articles;
  • A toolkit for activism, personal transformation and social change.

XY features 100s of articles on key ‘men’s issues’, from fathering and men’s health to the relationships between masculinity, class, race and sexuality, to domestic violence. XY makes available key national and international guides and manuals to working with men and boys and engaging men and boys in projects of building gender equality, ending violence against women, and striving for social justice. XY also includes personal stories,...

The Napoleon Series The Napoleon Series

The Napoleon Series website is a depository of learned articles and archival material covering all aspects of the Napoleonic Wars including battles and campaigns, personalities, regiments, and eyewitness accounts for all nations involved in the conflict. 

Primary Source Collection
The National World War I Museum and Memorial Online Collections Database The National World War I Museum and Memorial

Created by the National World War I Museum and Memorial (Kansas City), these online collections are searchable and browseable. Still growing, they represent only a part of the museum's collections. In addition to extensive numbers of photographs, the materials include letters, posters, songs, and other materials related to the United States' involvement in the war. The museum and its collections have been in operation since 1920, but recently received status as a historic landmark (2006) and national memorial (2014).

Primary Source Collection
The Nazi Concentration Camps Birkbeck, University of London

Created by scholars at Birkbeck, University of London with support from the Arts & Humanities Research Council, this site offers users a range of essays, documents, and resources on the Nazi concentration camps. Delving into the history of the camps before the Holocaust, the project seeks to discover the origins of the wartime practice of the Final Solution through the examination of three themes: regime policies and the links between terror, state, and society; conditions within the camps including the lives of various groups and their interactions; and, finally, the relationship between the camps and the German population as a whole. Documents are divided into thematic sections and are available both as digitized images of the German original and in English translations.

Primary Source Collection
The Prokudin-Gorskii Photographic Record Recreated: The Empire That Was Russia Library of Congress

Created by the Library of Congress, "The Empire That Was Russia" presents a collection of unusually early color photographs of the Russian Empire's final years, taken by Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii (1863–1944). Using a unique process that took multiple exposures of a scene through different color filters, which were subsequently superimposed to create a color image, Prokudin-Gorskii documented everything from the churches and villages that characterized the long-established face of Russia to the railroads, factories, and other signs of the country's rising economic and industrial might. In addition, with the backing of Tsar Nicholas II, Prokudin-Gorskii traveled between 1909 and 1912, and again in 1915, to capture the dizzying diversity of Russia's population in their finest holiday dress and in their everyday lives. The digital archive is fully searchable by keyword, place, and other tags, and is browsable according to divisions into various thematic collections. 

The Responsibility to Protect: What is the Basis for the Emerging Norm of R2P? Branch, Adam

The United Nations advocates the Responsibility to Protect (R2P), a controversial doctrine related to military interventions. Yet many fundamental practical questions remain unanswered and "no-one seems sure of what R2P even is." Practically, there is no clearly defined legal status, set of implementing mechanisms, and monitoring bodies limiting potential for abuses, as well as "no consensus on what actions R2P actually legitimates, nor by whom or when." In fact, the author argues that "it is precisely R2P's indeterminacy that makes it so popular today," as countries have the flexibility to "protect" according to their will and without worrying about their need to be accountable. The author explains how this lack of conceptual clarity is particularly worrying for the African continent, where three-quarters of the crises in which R2P has been invoked or applied. Ultimately, R2P engenders a divide between Western "protectors" and African states, whose legitimacy and sovereignty are...

The Revolutionary War Animated Map American Battlefield Trust

This animated map is just that – an animated map in video form, created by the American Battlefield Trust to teach students of the American Revolution, including how, where, and why the conflict arose. The 19-minute production includes live reenactments of battles in combination with maps that show exactly which areas were involved in those battles and where their impact was felt most heavily.

The Second World War in Fifteen Maps The Map as History, Images et Savoirs

The Map as History, provided by a team of French historians, is committed to innovate the way of learning about history. The team uses a series of animated maps to bring history to life, often focusing on a single region to illustrate developments over time. They also create timelines to further clarify and contextualize historical progress. The Fifteen maps on the Second World War, provided in English and French, start with Hitler's invasion of Poland in September 1939, which led to the outbreak of the Second World War, and end with the fall of Berlin to the Red Army in May 1945 and the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in early August 1945. The site on the Second World War includes a free preview of two animated maps, the first on “The War Goes Global, June 1941-1942,” the second on “The Final Solution (The Holocaust, The Shoah).”

The Second World War in Music MusicForce

This website provides users with information on the place of music in the war in the Netherlands and its colonial posessions, the former Dutch East Indies, Surinam, and the Dutch Antilles. Created in collaboration with the Netherlands Music Institute, the site offers users access to documents, music, photos, and biographies of individual musicians and composers, all of which shed light on several key themes: musical life during the war years, banned music, music in the camps, satirical songs, light music or propaganda songs. The English-language pages contain only a very limited selection of the information and music available on the Dutch site, which is a portal site with a separate reference structure with links to music, radio excerpts, documents, literature, and links to external sites.

Primary Source Collection
The Vietnam War in the Classroom Ken Burns

This PBS website complements the ten-part, 18-hour documentary series by Ken Burns from 2017, which tells the story of one of the most consequential, divisive, and controversial events in American history. Visceral and immersive, the series explores the human dimensions of the war through revelatory testimony of nearly 80 witnesses from all sides of the conflict, and includes rarely seen video footage, photographs taken by prominent photojournalists, iconic musical recordings, and audio recordings from inside three Presidential administrations. This complementary website offers 65 mini videos and 32 lesson plans, organized thematically, for grades 9-12. The five major topics are: “Origins of the Vietnam War,” “Early War Strategy,” “Later War Strategy,” “Experience of War,” and "Politics, Culture & Public Opinion.”

The White Man’s Burden: The United States & The Philippine Islands Kipling, Rudyard

The White Man's Burden is a poem by the British Victorian poet and novelist Rudyard Kipling. While he originally wrote the poem to celebrate Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee in 1897, Kipling revised it in 1899 to exhort the American people to conquer and rule the Philippines. Conquest in the poem is not portrayed as a way for the white race to gain individual or national wealth or power. Instead, the speaker defines white imperialism and colonialism in moral terms, as a “burden” that the white race must take up in order to help the non-white races develop civilization. Because of the poem's influential moral argument for American imperialism, it played a key role in the congressional debates about whether America should annex the Philippine Islands after the Spanish-American War. The phrase "white man's burden" remains notorious as a racist justification for Western conquest.

The Women's Library @ LSE LSE Digital Library

Part of the LSE Digital Library containing a chronological presentation of more than 300 items from the 16th Century to the present day on the personal, political and economic struggles that have symbolised women's battle for equality over the past 500 years with books, archives, pamphlets, magazines, journals, photographs, postcards and objects ordered on a timeline.

Primary Source Collection
They Still Draw Pictures University of California San Diego

Created by the Mandeville Special Collections Library of the University of California–San Diego, this site provides users with digitized images of over 600 pencil, crayon, ink, and watercolor drawings made during the Spanish Civil War by Spanish school children, both in Spain and in refugee centers in France. Originally published as a book under this title in 1939, the drawings are organized according to the place of their creation, and include information, where available, on the child's name and age. The site also includes text from the book, including an introduction from Aldous Huxley.

Primary Source Collection
Timeline of Events of the Holocaust US Holocaust Memorial Museum

The Holocaust was the systematic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of six million Jews by the Nazi regime and its allies and collaborators. The Nazis came to power in Germany in January 1933. They believed that the Germans belonged to a race that was "superior" to all others. They claimed that the Jews belonged to a race that was "inferior" and a threat to the so-called German racial community. This excellent timeline by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum covers the period from before 1933 until after 1945.

Timeline of the Use of George Washington’s Headquarters Tent during the American Revolution 'Museum of the American Revolution'

The Museum of the American Revolution has created this interactive timeline to allow students access to photographs of a variety of fascinating images from the museum’s own collection. Artifacts such as Hessian headgear worn in the conflict, soldiers’ powder horns, cups from Washington’s camp, and of course, dozens of different weapons used in the war illustrate the timeline and help students of the Revolution experience the reality of war in the 18th century.

Timeline of World War II PBS and Florentine Films

PBS and Florentine Films have partnered with the Veterans History Project in a massive effort to capture the stories of men and women who experienced the Second World War first-hand. The website for the PBS documentary series The War, directed by Ken Burns and Lyn Novick, which is the result of this cooperation, provides an informative timeline for the Second World War.

Toronto Public Library: Virtual Reference Library Toronto Public Library

Created by the Toronto Public Library, this digital archive provides users with access to a small collection of historical photos, images, maps, manuscripts, and books related to both World Wars and other conflicts. Materials are browseable by type, subject, and language, and are fully accessible in downloadable form. All finding aids are in English and French, and most materials are in English.

Primary Source Collection
Toscana Novecento: Portale di Storia Contemporanea / Tuscany in the Twentieth Century: Portal of Contemporary History Historical Institute of the Resistance in Tuscany

The searchable and browseable Italian database "Tuscany in the Twentieth Century: Portal of Contemporary History" provides users with access to a range of over 1,200 leaflets, newspaper articals, graphic materila and images related to Italy's twentieth-century political , social and military history, with a particular emphasis on the resistance against Italien Fascism before and during the Second World War and the partisan struggle against the German occupation of Northern Italy (1943-1945). The digitized documents are primarily from the collections of the Historical Institute of the Resistance in Tuscany.

Primary Source Collection
Trabajadores: The Spanish Civil War through the Eyes of Organised Labour Library of the University of Warwick

This website by the Library of the University of Warwick provides not only an ilustrated timeline of the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939), but also more than 4,000 documents from its archive collections on the conflict – fully searchable by keyword. The focus is on the situation of ordinary Spanish people during the civil war, the role of workers and the labor movement inside Spain and the support of international labor organization, especially in Britain, for the Spanish republicans of the legally elected leftist government protecting the Spanish Republic  against the attack of the fascist troops under general Francisco Franco (1892-1975) that were supported by the German and Italian facists. Users can browse through the documents by file and archive collection, and find out more about what has been digitized. Subjects include:

Primary Source Collection
Treaties European Union

An official site created by the European Union, this database provides access to all international treaties and agreements concluded by the EU and the European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC), as well as the former European Communities (EC, EEC, ECSC), including founding and accession treaties and a chronological overview of these treaties. All materials are searchable and browseable, and all pages are in English.

Legal Text
Treaties and Customary Law International Committee of the Red Cross

A database of international humanitarian law treaties provided by the International Committee of the Red Cross, this site provides users access to full texts of the treaties, as well as commentaries and other materials. All materials are sorted into thematic collections. Highlights include full texts of the Geneva Conventions, as well as contemporary and modern commentary. All materials are available in English.

Legal Text
Trench and Camp Newspaper University of Minnesota Libraries

Created by the Libraries of the University of Minnesota, this digital archive provides users with reproductions of the newspaper Trench and Camp, a publication for Camp Upton (Long Island, NY) during World War I published by the National War Work Council of the YMCA. The newspaper covers many aspects of local life at the camp and national news supplied by a central editoral office. The archive is both fully searchable and browseable by issue.

Journals and Newspapers
Trobes. Catàleg de les Biblioteques de la Universitat de València Universitat de València

Trobes is the tool for searching the catalogue at the library of the University of València and discovering bibliographic resources of UV. It allows global searches from a single point in the library's resources and in a large number of external resources, many in full text. The library’s collection includes historical and modern collections from different scientific areas: medicine, astronomy, physics, chemistry, botany, geology, although addressed from a historical perspective. The library has a collection of modern and old journals, especially relevant for the medicine history of the second half of the 19th century. Most of the site is in Catalan, but there are options for automatic translation via Google available.

Primary Source Collection
Tulane Digital Library Howard-Tilton Memorial Library

Assembled by the Howard–Tilton Memorial Library, the Tulane University Digital Library is a source of digitized and digital holdings for teachers, researchers, and the public. Strengths of the collections include music, especially jazz, as well as Latin America, the local history of New Orleans and Louisiana. Drawn from a range of collections and centers at Tulane University, the library provides a search feature, as well as thematic collections, and browsable sections defined by title, date, subject, source, and other criteria. Of particular interest are thematic collections on World War II and the American Civil War. Documents are presented as images, fully annotated and tagged for subject matter.

Primary Source Collection
UK Web Archive (UKWA) British Library

A project of—among others—the British Library, the National Library of Scotland, the Welcome Library, and the Women's Library, the UK Web Archive (UKWA) is designed as a resource for the public, teachers, students, researchers, and more. It aims to provide a record of UK based websites for preservation, a record that begins with 2004, when archiving began. The larger project is based at the National Library of Scotland, the National Library of Wales, Cambridge University Library, the Bodleian Library in Oxford, and the library of Trinity College Dublin. Full access is available only through those sites, but partial access is available on this web portal, which is text searchable. Relevant thematic collections include the First World War Centenary and Women's Issues collections.

Primary Source Collection