Search Websites by Keywords

The keyword search in the collection of websites allows users to look for websites on the subject of gender, military and war that provide access to Online collections of primary sources, educational resources and Online encyclopedia. The collection primarily includes websites provided by public institutions like archives, bibliographies, foundations, libraries, museums, research institutions or universities. The focus of the collection is on the wars of the twentieth century, especially the First and Second World War, because for them much more websites are available. Most of the included websites are in English, French or German.

Users can search for these websites by using one or a combination of two and more, keyword for their search. They can search for major wars, time periods, regions or countries. In addition, a thematic keyword search is possible, which is based on a selection of broad terms defined by the editors of the Oxford Handbook of Gender, War and the Western World since 1600 edited by Karen Hagemann, Stefan Dudink, and Sonya O. Rose (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2020). They represent some of its central themes and questions. For information on the various keywords and tags associated with the Bibliography, Filmography and Webography, go to About the Search Options.

Search Results

Title Institution Abstract Type of Source
Powers of Persuasion: Poster Art from World War II The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration

Hosted by the National Archives and Records Administration, this site is an online version of an extensive exhibit at the National Archives Building in Washington, DC, from May 1994 to February 1995. Its emphasis is on posters used to persuade, and includes related primary source material from official manuals and other sources on the US Government's strategy to mobilize public support for the war effort, including popular songs and sayings from the era of World War II. The comparatively small number of posters are arranged into thematic collections, which are provided with brief explanations. Individual posters can be readily viewed in higher-resolution versions. A few other sources, including audio files of popular songs are also included.

Primary Sources: Wars & Conflicts Christopher Newport University, Trible Library

This site by the Library of the Christopher Newport University provides access to primary and secondary sources on conflicts and wars, ranging from the crusades to modern times terrorism.

Primary Source Collection
Princeton University Digital Library Princeton University

Composed of materials drawn from the Princeton University Libraries, the Digital Library features thematic collections on a range of historical events and eras, including the civil war in Guatemala, the Chinese Revolution, the American Revolution, and more. Showcasing distinctive holdings of the library, the collections have been fashioned to serve the needs of research and teaching at Princeton. Materials include sheet music, photographs, drawings, newspapers, books, manuscripts, and other materials. In addition to the thematic collections, a multi-term search function facilitates users' access to individual holdings.

Primary Source Collection
Prints, Drawings & Watercolors from the Anne S.K. Brown Military Collection Brown University Library for Digital Scholarship

This project, created by the Brown University Library Center for Digital Scholarship, offers users access to thousands of prints, drawings, and watercolors from the Anne S. K. Brown Military Collection. Concentrating on the period from the 17th century to World War II, it has a particular emphasis on illustrations of military uniforms and dress, as well as portraits, photographs, posters, and other materials. All are accessible both via a thematic browsing capacity, basic search, and a multi-term advanced search function. The collection is based on its founder's collection, which was donated to the library, which began to be accumulated in the mid-twentieth century. It includes, in addition to the thousands of books, albums, and sketches, some 6,000 miniature lead soldiers. It includes materials collected after World War II from Germany, Russia, Britain, Belgium, France, the Netherlands, and Switzerland. In addition to Europe, some materials relate to the British Empire, especially...

Primary Source Collection
Prisoners of the First World War: The ICRC Archives International Committee of the Red Cross

This site has been created by the International Committee of the Red Cross to provide access to its archive of information about prisoners of war and civilian detainees during the First World War. Belligerent powers registered such detainees with the ICRC, meaning that the archive contains the name of some 5 million of the estimated 10 million such individuals. In addition to the database searchable by name, the site includes collections of postcards from camps, first-hand accounts, and documents related to detention. Postcard collections include France, Italy, Germany, North Africa, and the United Kingdom/British Empire. The site also has a French–language version.

Primary Source Collection
Records of the Parliaments of Scotland Scottish Parliament Project

The Records of the Parliaments of Scotland to 1707 (RPS) is a fully searchable database containing the proceedings of the Scottish parliament from the first surviving act of 1235 to the union of 1707. The culmination of over ten years’ work by researchers from the Scottish Parliament Project based in the School of History at the University of St Andrews, the online edition seeks to make this key historical source freely available to all in a technologically advanced and user-friendly format.

Primary Source Collection
Regesta Imperii Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur

The REGESTA IMPERII (RI) chronologically record all activities evidenced by documents or anything else of the Roman-German kings and emperors from the Carolingians up to Maximilian I (ca. 751-1519) as well as of the popes of the early Middle Ages and High Middle Ages in the form of German “Regesten” (abstracts).The starting point of the undertaking is strongly connected with the name of the Frankfurt municipal librarian Johann Friedrich Böhmer (1795-1863), who began the collecting and publishing the deeds of the German Kings and Emperors in 1829. Originally intended to function as a preliminary work of the “Monumenta Germaniae Historica”, the REGESTA IMPERII developed into an independent basic work after Böhmer, which has long proven to be indispensable in the field of medieval studies. This is mostly due to an extended regesta concept, which included an exact reproduction of the regesta’s form and content as well as of the historiographic messages in short form.

Primary Source Collection
Revelations from the Russian Archives Library of Congress

An online version of an exhibition held in 1992, soon after the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the sudden opening of its previously secret archives, this site offers images of both that historical moment, and of documents then unearthed about the more distant past. Culled from the archives and organized into collections on subjects ranging from terror to repression, the small selection of documents is presented both as digitizations of the original documents and in English translations. A second collection of documents relates to relations between the Soviet Union and the United States from the 1920s to the 1960s.

Primary Source Collection
Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan (RAWA) Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan

The Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan (RAWA) was established in Kabul in 1977 as an independent political/social organization of Afghan women fighting for human rights and for social justice in Afghanistan. The founders were a number of Afghan woman intellectuals under the leadership of Meena Keshwar Kamalwho, who in 1987 was assassinated in Quetta, Pakistan by Afghan agents of the then KGB in connivance with fundamentalist band of Gulbuddin Hekmatyar. RAWA’s objective was to involve an increasing number of Afghan women in social and political activities aimed at acquiring women’s human rights and contributing to the struggle for the establishment of a government based on democratic and secular values in Afghanistan. Despite the suffocating political atmosphere, RAWA very soon became involved in widespread activities in different socio-political arenas including education, health and income generation as well as political agitation. [RAWA]

Primary Source Collection
Richard Nixon Presidential Library National Archives and Records Administration

Richard Nixon’s Presidency (1969-1974) is one of the most exhaustively documented administrations in American history. The Nixon Presidential Materials Collection in the Richard Nixon Presidential Library contains approximately 46 million pages of documents, 3,700 hours of recorded Presidential conversations known as the “White House Tapes”, 4,000 separate recordings of broadcast video, nearly 4,500 audio recordings, 300,000 still photographs, two million feet of film, and more than 35,000 State and Public Gifts.

Primary Source Collection
Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court International Criminal Court

The Rome Statute is the founding treaty of the International Criminal Court (ICC). It identifies for the purposes of exercising jurisdiction the most serious violations of international human rights and humanitairan law. These violations are grouped within the the categories of genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and the crime of aggression.

Legal Text
Royal Air Force Museum Royal Air Force Museum

The Royal Airforce Museum of the United Kingdom offers visitors to its website a range of online collections on themes related to the Battle of Britain, the wartime service of women, the Polish Air Force in Britain, and the experiences of flyers of African descent in the Caribbean. Other exhibits consider longer term themes, including the service of women in the RAF.

Primary Source Collection
Royal Library of Belgium Royal Library of Belgium

The Royal Library of Belgium is the national scientific library. It collects all Belgian publications and preserves, manages and studies an extensive cultural and historical heritage. It provides the public with access to information, facilitates research and offers a broad cultural experience. The basic site is available in English, French, and Dutch versions.

Primary Source Collection
Russisch-deutsches Projekt zur Digitalisierung deutscher Dokumente in den Archiven der Russischen Föderation Kudriashov, Sergei

A project supported by, among others, the Max Weber Foundation, the German Historical Institute–Moscow, the Russian Federal Archive Agency, and the Ministry of Defense and its Central Archive, this project grew beginning in 2011 from an initiative by the Russian Presidential Administration to make public documents from Nazi Germany captured at the end of World War II by the Soviet Union. The site provides researchers access to selections from much larger archival collections on the First World War, the Second World War, and the German secret services (1912–45). The site main page is available only in Russian and German, with only a few pages offering English versions. All documents are presented as images of the original, without translation.

Primary Source Collection
Rutgers Oral History Archives of World War II School of Arts and Sciences, Rutgers the State University of New Jersey

Presented by the Rutgers University Libraries (New Jersey), the Rutgers Oral History Archives provides users access to more than 1,200 oral-history interviews and annotated transcripts. The transcripts, some 30,000 pages worth, are text-searchable, as well as browseable by conflict, military branch and unit, and other categories. 

Primary Source Collection
Seventeen Moments in Soviet History: An Online Archive of Primary Sources Macalester College

This website is a multi-media archive of primary materials designed to introduce students and the general public to the richness and contradictions of Soviet history. It provides a cross-section of Soviet life in seventeen different years, following the title of a beloved television spy serial from the seventies. Each module covers politics, society, culture and economics, so that users might experience a given time through the words, sounds and sights that a common Soviet citizen would have encountered. Soviet citizens lived their lives and made their country’s history in circumstances of incredible peril as well as promise. The objective of this web site is to give users a sense of what this total experience was like, using the original words of the participants. The archive may be accessed by year or by theme. Subject essays written by a contributing scholar provide brief introductions to over 200 subjects.  These essays are supported by more than 1400 images, 270 video clips, ...

Primary Source Collection
Sexual Violence in Armed Conflict: Global Overview and Implications for the Security Sector Bastick, Megan

Information about sexual violence perpetrated during armed conflict is scarce, scattered and selective. Policy makers, donors and humanitarian groups consistently call for better documentation of sexual violence in conflict. This report demonstrates the horrifying scope and magnitude of sexual violence in armed conflict. It brings to light sexual violence in the world’s underreported conflicts, as well as in those countries where it is notoriously commonplace, and highlights the shared and varying vulnerabilities of specific population groups within and between regions. The report also shows that sexual violence is not confined to African or European conflicts, or to conflicts in developing or developed nations, but is a global scourge. This report proposes various ways in which the security and justice sectors can improve or develop strategies to prevent and respond to sexual violence in armed conflict and postconflict situations.

Sheet Music Collection: World War I and World War II University of Missouri-Kansas City

This Sheet Music Collection contains over 1700 unique titles published primarily from 1851 to 1970, most of them during World War I. Among them are a number of compositions by Irving Berlin, including Let’s All Be Americans Now, They Were All Out of Step But Jim, I’ve Got My Captain Working For Me Now and Good-Bye France. Also included in the collection are older titles that experienced a revival in popularity at the outbreak of the First World War. Two titles – When Johnny Comes Marching Home (1863) and Just Before The Battle, Mother (1864) – originally date back to the Civil War. Subjects covered are among others the two World Wars, Soldiers, Women, Men, African Americans, Separation (Psychology), Farewells, Patriotic music, Flags, Military campaigns, Rifles, Airplanes.

Primary Source Collection
Shots of War: Photojournalism During the Spanish Civil War University of California at San Diego

The significance of the Spanish Civil War as major event in Spanish and European history is well-known. Beyond the implications of the civil war in terms of Spain's own history, the war is viewed, retrospectively, as a prelude to the larger ideological conflicts between fascism, communism, and democracy that eventually consumed all of Europe in World War II. The Spanish Civil War is also remembered as a testing ground for new techniques and technologies of both twentieth-century warfare - as immortalized in the bombing of Guernica - and twentieth-century media as represented by the rise of war photography and photojournalism. This website is a catalog of war photography from that period.

Signed, Sealed, & Undelivered Daniel Starza Smith

In 1926, a seventeenth-century trunk of letters was bequeathed to the Dutch postal museum in The Hague, then as now the centre of government, politics, and trade in The Netherlands. The trunk belonged to a postmaster and post mistress, Simon and Marie de Brienne, a couple at the heart of European communication networks. The chest contains an extraordinary archive: 2600 "locked" letters sent from all over Europe to this axis of communication, none of which were ever delivered. In the seventeenth century, the recipient also paid postal and delivery charges. But if the addressee was deceased, absent, or uninterested, no fees could be collected. Postmasters usually destroyed such “dead letters”, but the Briennes preserved them, hoping that someone would retrieve the letters – and pay the postage. Hence the nickname for the trunk: “the piggy bank” (spaarpotje). The trunk freezes a moment in history, allowing us to glimpse the early modern world as it went about its daily business. The...

Primary Source Collection
Slave Voyages Emory University

A comprehensive website on the Trans-Atlantic and Intra-American Slave Trade between 1514 and 1866. Databases on slave voyages and names of African captives are completed with image galleries, interactive maps and timelines of the slave trade. The digital memorial raises questions about the largest slave trades in history and offers access to the documentation available to answer them. European colonizers turned to Africa for enslaved laborers to build the cities and extract the resources of the Americas. They forced millions of Africans across the Atlantic to the Americas, and from one part of the Americas to another. Analyze these slave trades and view interactive maps, timelines, and animations to see the dispersal in action.

Primary Source Collection
Smithsonian Digital Collections Smithsonian Institution

The online collections of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, these collections include, among their millions of records related to natural history and other subjects, more than 100,000 entries on history. Materials are text searchable, as well as browseable by type. The collections include photographs, drawings, art, and other images, as well as documents. Not all materials are available online. In addition, a number of thematic collections are accessible via the linked page, including various cultures of North America and the world.

Primary Source Collection
Sobibor Interviews NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies

This website offers users access to thirteen interviews of survivors of the Sobibor death camp, a significant percentage of the fifty total survivors out of more than 170,000 of the camp's victims, 34,000 of whom were from the Netherlands. Created by the Netherlands Institute for War, Genocide, and Holocaust Studies, the emphasis here is on Dutch escapee-survivors and their lives, the degrading conditions in the camp, escape, and lives after the war. An interview with the leader of the uprising gives a detailed account of the preparation and execution of the mass escape. The interviews have introductory texts, as well as videos of the interviews, which are in a variety of languages, but with English subtitles.

Primary Source Collection
Special Measures for Protection from Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse United Nations Secretary-General

Pursuant to General Assembly resolution 57/306, this report provides data on allegations of sexual exploitation and abuse in the United Nations system for the period from 1 January to 31 December 2015 and information on measures being taken to strengthen the Organization’s response to sexual exploitation and abuse in the areas of prevention, enforcement and remedial action.

Special Rapporteur on Violence against Women, its Causes and Consequences Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights

The Special Rapporteur on Violence against Women, its Causes and Consequences is one of the thematic special procedures overseen by the United Nations Human Rights Council. It addresses the issue of violence against women – whether caused or condoned by the State or by private actors – and its causes and consequences. The Special Rapporteur adopts a “comprehensive and universal” approach to the elimination of violence, including identifying causes of violence that relate to the civil, cultural, economic, political, and social spheres of life, gathers information on violence against women from governments, treaty bodies, specialized agencies, other special rapporteurs, and intergovernmental and nongovernmental organizations, and makes recommendations to eliminate all forms of violence against women at all levels of government.

The Special Rapporteur must apply a gender perspective throughout the work of his or her mandate and also works with all special procedures,...

Special Report: The Role of Women in Global Security Norville, Valerie

This report examines women's roles in peacebuilding, post-conflict reconstruction, and economic development. It draws on discussions at the conference on The Role of Women in Global Security, held in Copenhagen on October 29-30, 2010, and co-hosted by the U.S. Embassy in Denmark and the Royal Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs in partnership with the U.S. Institute of Peace (USIP). Ambassador Laurie S. Fulton, U.S. ambassador to Denmark and former member of USIP's board, brought together participants from the United States, Nordic-Baltic countries, Afghanistan, Liberia, and Uganda to focus on the roles that women can play as leaders in areas of active conflict and post-conflict. Participants from the public and private sector, including the military, civilian, NGO, academic, and corporate worlds, joined to share experiences and best-practice recommendations on how to increase women's participation in their communities to effect positive change: resolving active conflicts, assisting...